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ack on our center by the sheer momentum of their columns. This striking a great army on one end, and rolling it up on itself in inextricable confusion, carnage, and rout, is no novelty in warfare. The Allied Emperors tried it on Napoleon at Austerlitz; our strategists attempted it on the Rebels at first Bull Run. It is a critical maneuver; but likely to succeed, provided your antagonist passively awaits its consummation. ( Hunting the tiger, gentlemen, explained the returned East Indian to mmanded fully by the enemy's guns from Golding's; and there were but 25,000 men between his army of 100,000 and Richmond. Had McClellan massed his whole force in column, and advanced it against any point of our line of battle, as was done at Austerlitz, under similar circumstances, by the greatest Captain of any age, though the head of his column would have suffered greatly, its momentum would have insured him success, and the occupation of our works about Richmond, and consequently the city
ing twilight gave us a clearer prospect than the fading radiance which had thus far illumed the march-we could look across an open country on the left to the farm-house, where we knew Col. Richardson was stationed, and to the blood-stained valley beyond, whose upper reaches were now to be the arena of a larger conflict. But it was after sunrise when the van of General Tyler's column came to the edge of the wooded hill overlooking those reaches. The sun had risen as splendid as the sun of Austerlitz. Was it an auspicious omen for us, or for the foe? Who could foretell? The scenery was too beautiful and full of nature's own peace, for one to believe in the possibility of the tumult and carnage just at hand, or that among those green oak forests lurked every engine of destruction which human contrivance has produced, with hosts of an enemy more dangerous and subtle than the wild beasts which had once here made their hiding-places. Then, too, it was Sunday morning. Even in the wilder
found out that all the men were not slaughtered, that all the artillery was not taken, and that regiments which presented a miserably broken appearance on the morning after the battle, soon filled up their ranks as the runaways came in. The affair was a fight and a scamper, the scamper being unquestionably the worst part of it. The consequence of the disaster will be lamentable, no doubt, chiefly by protracting the war, and exciting intenser passions on both sides; but to describe it as an Austerlitz, is a blunder only possible to those who sacrifice accuracy to a taste for grandiloquence. After such a disaster, recrimination naturally rules the hour. The great question is, Whom shall we hang? Of course a victim will be found, even if justice itself expires in the effort to make its own award. The gentleman who is likeliest to figure as culprit-in-chief is Gen. Patterson, who commanded the troops at Harper's Ferry, and whose special business it was to give an account of Gen. John
own was taken amidst loud cheers, and with it Napoleon's travelling carriage, private papers, hat, and sword. Let me remind the reader that this was the panic flight, not of volunteers, who that day heard the roar of hostile cannon for the first time; nor of young men fresh from their offices, counting-rooms, workshops, and farms; but of veterans seamed with the scars of a hundred battles; some of whom had followed the victorious eagles of the greatest of modern commanders from Cairo to Austerlitz. The English press, with scarce an exception, finds in the recent panic at Bull Run not merely a theme for the bitterest taunts, but the completion of the proof that the bubble of democracy has burst., as if a drawn battle, or, if you please, an ignominious rout, suffered by an army of raw volunteers at the commencement of a war, proved any thing one way or another, in reference to the comparative stability of different forms of government. What bubble burst when Charles Edward, on the
y near this house. Let us glance around now, and see who occupy this little knob from which we are gazing upon the animated scene we have described. Since Napoleon stood in the midst of his marshals, on that eventful morning when the sun of Austerlitz broke from behind the eastern walls of the world, scarcely had a more distinguished group of personages been collected together than that which I there beheld. There was General Smith, Chief of the Engineer Department, a useful, industrious,n on Bald Knob the movement of the rebel legions toward the left, and in an instant perceived their advantage. In the face of three such leaders as Baird, Wood, and Sheridan, Bragg was repeating the old fatal error which lost the allied armies Austerlitz, and the Union Chickamauga — he was weakening his centre and making a flank movement in the presence of his enemy. In an instant Granger and Palmer hurled Wood and Sheridan down the slope of the ridge upon which they had been posted, and Bai
gounBoston & Medford418 179 ShipPropontisT. Magoun'sT. MagounH. Chapman & Co. 434 180 ShipPlymouthT. Magoun'sT. MagounLiverpool Packet Co.Boston440 181 ShipTimoleonT. Magoun'sT. MagounMagoun & SonMedford445 182 ShipEmily TaylorS. Lapham'sS. LaphamD. P. ParkerBoston395 183 ShipOmegaS. Lapham'sS. LaphamParker & LaphamBoston & Medford300 184 ShipVictoriaSprague & James'sSprague & JamesWilliam EagerBoston425 185 ShipUnicornSprague & James'sSprague & JamesR. D. ShepherdBoston424 186 ShipAusterlitzSprague & James'sSprague & JamesE. E. BradshawCharlestown415 187 ShipHeraldSprague & James'sSprague & JamesGeorge PrattBoston455 188 ShipOrozimboGeorge Fuller'sGeorge FullerR. D. ShepherdBoston440 189 BarkRubleJ. Stetson'sJ. StetsonB. Rich & SonBoston300 1901834ShipJessoreT. Magoun'sT. MagounAppleton, Oxnard, & BowditchBoston461 191 ShipArchimedesT. Magoun'sT. MagounMagoun & SonMedford452 192 ShipChathamS. Lapham'sS. LaphamHenry OxnardBoston452 193 ShipBazaarS. Lapham'sS. Lap
eim, 1704Allies, 56,00011,00031,0002619 French, 60,00020,000 Oudenarde, 1708Allies, 85,00010,00020,0001111 French, 85,00010,000 Malplaquet, 1709Allies, 100,00014,00034,0001714 French, 100,00020,000 Prague, 1757Prussians, 64,00012,00022,0001718 Austrians, 60,00010,000 Zorndorf, 1758Prussians, 32,76012,00032,0003837 Russians, 52,00020,000 Kunnersdorf, 1759Allies, 70,00014,00031,0002720 Prussians, 43,00017,000 Torgau, 1760Prussians, 46,00012,00024,0002226 Austrians, 60,00012,000 Austerlitz, 1805French, 65,0009,00025,0001613 Allies, 83,00016,000 Eylau, 1807French, 70,00020,00042,0003328 Russians, 63,50022,000 Heilsberg, 1807Russians, 84,00010,00022,0001311 French, 85,00012,000 Friedland, 1807French, 75,00010,00034,0002313 Russians, 67,00024,000 Aspern, 1809Austrians, 75,00020,00045,0002626 French, 95,00025,000 Wagram, 1809French, 220,00022,00044,000.1110 Austrians, 150,00022,000 Borodino, 1812French, 125,00030,00075,0002824 Russians, 138,00045,000 Bautzen, 1813F
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 2. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), chapter 6.34 (search)
. B. Wilcox, U. S. A.--Report on the Conduct of the War (1865), vol. i, p. 79; Burnside's testimony--Ib., p. 147. Now a storm of fire bursts in red fury from the Federal front, and in an instant all the valley between the hostile lines lies shrouded in billowing smoke. Then Marshall, putting himself at the head of the stormers, sword in hand, bids his men to follow. But there comes no response befitting the stern grandeur of the scene — no trampling charge — no rolling drums of Austerlitz — no fierce shouts of warlike joy as burst from the men of the Light division when they mounted the breach of Badajos, or from Frazer's Royals as they crowned the crimson slopes of St. Sebastian. No, none of this is here. But a straggling line of the men of the Second brigade, First division, uttering a mechanical cheer, slowly mounts the crest, passes unmolested across the intervening space, Grant, Meade, Potter, Duane and others testify to this effect.--Ib., pp. 36, 87, 110, 116. <
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 3. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Address on the character of General R. E. Lee, delivered in Richmond on Wednesday, January 19th, 1876, the anniversary of General Lee's birth (search)
ith a large detachment lest that army should make a junction with the divisions at Fredericksburg; to bring Jackson's skill and Jackson's devoted men to his aid; to cross a marshy and often impracticable stream; to attack McClellan on his flank and to roll up his army like a scroll, whilst, at each step gained, his enemy should be weaker and himself be stronger and in stronger position, yet at the same time to guard lest his enemy should break his centre as Napoleon pierced the Russians on Austerlitz field — such was the problem. You know, all the world knows, its execution. Despite the errors of subordinates; despite the skill of his opponent, a soldier truly great in defence; despite the rawness of many of his troops; despite the lack in the general officers of the skill necessary to movements so delicate, and despite the inferiority of his force, Lee succeeded fully in his main object, relieved Richmond, inflicted on his enemy losses materially immense and morally infinite; in sev
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 7. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), chapter 12.89 (search)
r after sunrise Jackson himself came riding along. When opposite to General Lee he drew rein and the two conversed for a few minutes. Jackson then started forward, pointing in the direction his troops were moving His face was a little flushed, Colonel Marshall says, as it was turned back towards General Lee, who nodded approval to what he had said. The sun rose unclouded and brilliant, gilding the hilltops and penetrating the vapors of the Valley. Rising as gorgeous as did the sun of Austerlitz, which produced such an impression upon the imagination of Napoleon. It should be remembered by the people of the South, for its rays fell upon the last meeting, in this world, of Lee and Jackson. The Duke of Wellington is reported to have said a man of refined Christian sensibilities is totally unfit for the profession of a soldier, but here were two devoted Christians, who faithfully performed all their duties; and so they parted. General Lee was to keep 14,000 men in front of Hooke
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