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Robert Stiles, Four years under Marse Robert, Chapter 10: Second Manassas-SharpsburgFredericksburg (search)
then, all at once, it rolled up like the stage curtain of a theatre, and there, spread out in the wide plain beneath, was the most magnificent martial spectacle that can be imagined — a splendidlyequipped army of at least one hundred thousand men, in battle array. General Burnside testified that he had that number on our side of the river. For a moment we forgot the terrible business ahead of us in the majesty and glory of the sight. We were stationed on what was afterwards known as Lee's Hill, an elevation centrally located between the right and left flanks of our line, and jutting out at quite a commanding height into and above the plain. For these reasons General Lee made it, for the most part, his field headquarters during the fight. Portions of the city and of Marye's Heights were not visible, at least not thoroughly so; but every other part of the field was, clear away down, or nearly down, to Hamilton's Crossing. From it we witnessed the break in our lines on the right
Robert Stiles, Four years under Marse Robert, Index. (search)
Fort Johnston, Va., 67-72, 130 Fort Lafayette, N. Y., 354 Fort Magruder, Va., 79, 81-82. Fort Sumter, S. C., 34-35. Four years with General Lee, 102-103, 106, 164-66, 287, 341, 350 Franco-Prussian War, 347 Fraser's Battery (Ga.), 154, 229-31, 270, 272, 275-78, 297-99, 302 Fraternization between enemies, 157, 162, 233, 313 Frazier's Farm, 96-97, 258 Fredericksburg, Va.: after the war, 133; bombardment of, 128-31; churches in, 139-40; civilian refugees from, 128-33; Lee's Hill near, 134-35; religious revival at, 138-51; winter encampment near, 157-58, 167 Fredericksburg Campaign, 65, 127-37. Fremantle, Arthur James Lyon, 246 From the Rapidan to Richmond, 240- 44, 252-53, 288-89. Front Royal, Va., 192 Gaines, Dr., 303 Gaines' Mill, 303 Hill, Ambrose Powell: mentioned: 105-106, 188; troops of, 41, 168-69, 192, 208-10, 219 Hill, Daniel Harvey, 65-67, 69-72, 91, 158, 204 Hoge, Moses Drury, 318 Hoge, William James, 139 Hoke, Robert Frede
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 3., The battle of Fredericksburg. (search)
highest of the elevations on the Confederate side (later known as Lee's Hill, because during the battle General Lee was there most of the timeat followed proved the correctness of our opinion on that point. Lee's Hill, near our center, with its rugged sides retired from Marye's and d I could have no other need of their troops. I then returned to Lee's Hill, reaching there soon after sunrise. Thus we stood at the eve oy about to be thrown into the tumult of battle. From my place on Lee's Hill I could see almost every soldier Franklin had, and a splendid arrnklin's men who were in front of Jackson stretched well up toward Lee's Hill, and were almost within reach of our best guns, and at the other ilroad cut to escape fire from the right and front. A battery on Lee's Hill saw this and turned its fire into the entire length of the cut, aed the approach of the Federals. General Lee, who was with me on Lee's Hill, became uneasy when he saw the attacks so promptly renewed and pu
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 3., Ransom's division at Fredericksburg. (search)
g, was killed on the front slope of the hill near Marye's house. My own permanent command was a small division of two brigades of infantry,--my own, containing the 24th, 25th, 35th, and 49th; and Cooke's, the 15th, 27th, 46th, and 48th regiments,--all from North Carolina; and attached to my brigade was Branch's battery, and to Cooke's brigade the battery of Cooper. At the time the fog began to lift from the field, I was with Generals Lee and Longstreet on what has since been known as Lee's Hill. Starting to join my command as the Federals began to emerge from the town, General Longstreet said to me: Remember, General, I place that salient in your keeping. Do what is needed; and call on Anderson if you want help. I brought up Cooke before the first assault to the crest of the hill, and before that assault ended Cooke took the 27th and the 46th and part of the 15th North Carolina into the sunken road in front. The 48th North Carolina fought on top of the hill all day. At t
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 3., Kershaw's brigade at Fredericksburg. (search)
Kershaw's brigade at Fredericksburg. General J. B. Kershaw writes to the editors as follows, December 6th,.1887: General Ransom's letter, in The Century for December, 1887, in regard to his services at Fredericksburg, contains an error in relation to the operations of my brigade. In the morning of that day, my troops were stationed at the foot of Lee's Hill. After the assaults on General Cobb's position had commenced, I was directed to send two of my regiments to reenforce Cobb, and did so. Before they had reached him, tidings arrived of the fall of General Cobb, and I was immediately ordered to take the rest of my brigade to the position held by his forces, and assume command of the troops of McLaws's division there. I preceded my troops, and as soon as possible arrived at the Stevens House at the foot of Marye's Hill. As my brigade arrived they were placed--two regiments, the 3d and the 7th South Carolina, at Marye's House on the hill, and the rest of them in the sunk
taken prisoners, and a company of the Washington artillery, with its guns, were captured. After this, the artillery on Lee's hill and the rest of Barksdale's infantry, with one of Hays's regiments, fell back on the telegraph road. Hays, with the reas soon as I heard of the disaster, a line was formed across the telegraph road at Cox's house, about two miles back of Lee's hill. Having received information, late in the day, that McLaws was moving down, and that the enemy, who had passed heavy cgiment, which were stationed behind the stone wall at the Marye house. The Seventeenth regiment was placed in front of Lee's hill, and the Thirteenth still farther to the right. One regiment from General Hays's command was subsequently placed to the line broken at this point, I ordered the Thirteenth, Seventeenth, and Louisiana regiment to fall back to the crest of Lee's hill, to prevent the enemy from getting in our rear. This they did, resisting his approach at every step; and with the aid
work shelled passing trains behind the Union lines, which excited the ire of some 3-inch rifle batteries. The Confederate work was heavily built and well provided with embrasures for the guns, but these were torn away day by day and replaced at night. The range was finally so accurate that if a Confederate cap on a stick was raised over the edge of the parapet, it would immediately be cut down by a shot. The Confederate 30-pound Parrotts did not prove a success. Two of them mounted on Lee's Hill, at the battle of Fredericksburg, burst, one at the thirty-ninth, the other at the fifty-seventh discharge. Besides the home-made guns, which were all muzzle-loaders, a number of guns of various make, Whitworth, Armstrong, James, Blakely, and Hotchkiss, were brought in through the blockade. Two Whitworths were sent to the Army of Northern Virginia. They had a great reputation for range and accuracy of fire, but beyond the shelling of distant columns and trains, proved a disappointment
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 7. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), chapter 12.89 (search)
piece of table-land two and one half miles across its greatest diameter. Hazel run, breaking between Marye's hill and Lee's hill (the latter so called because occupied by General Lee during the battle of Fredericksburg as headquarters), crosses theed upon Marye's hill, while Howe's division advanced rapidly in three columns of assault on the left of Hazel run, upon Lee's hill. But what was Early doing? With his 9,000 infantry he occupied a line six miles long, from Hamilton's crossing to a powison's house. Early's division was on the right from Hamilton's to Deep run, while between Deep run and the right of Lee's hill only pickets were placed, protected by a cross fire of artillery. Early's general instructions were to retard the enem slowly until he reached Salem church, five miles from Fredericksburg. Lieutenant Pitzer, of Early's staff, who was on Lee's hill when it was carried, galloped at once to General Lee, and so informed him. McLaws, with his three brigades and one of A
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 10. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), The Artillery on the Gettysburg campaign. (search)
ry, Camp near Gordonsville, Va., Aug. 2, 1863. Colonel,--In obedience to your circular dated July 29th, 1863, directing me to make and forward to these (your) headquarters, as soon as possible, an official report of the operations of your (my) battalion of artillery from the time it left Fredericksburg to the present time, I have the honor to report as follows: On the morning of the 15th of June, in obedience to your orders, I withdrew my command from the position it had occupied on Lee's Hill since the 6th inst., to the rear, immediately on the Telegraph road, and reported to Major-General Heth for duty with his division. At 2 o'clock P. M. I moved with Heth's division from Fredericksburg and accompanied this command on its daily marches through the Maryland and Pennsylvania campaign, until the morning of the 1st of July, when I was relieved and became directly subject to your orders. The commencement of the battles around Gettysburg found my battalion at Cashtown, Pa., whe
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 10. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), The battle of Fredericksburg. (search)
y with Pickett's Division. Nine guns of the Washington Artillery under Colonel Walton, occupied the pits on Marye's Hill to the right of the plank-road, and a short distance in their rear Mosely's Battery of six guns was kept in reserve. On Lee's Hill, and to the right were posted twenty-one guns, for the most part rifles, under Colonel Cabell and Major Hamilton, while seventeen smooth-bores, under Major Nelson, of the General Reserve, were held in hand close in the rear. The guns under Cas from Reid's, Macon's, Cooper's, Branch's, Coalter's, Ell's, Eubank's, Dearing's, and McCarthy's Batteries. Those under Major Nelson were from McCarthy's and Coalter's Batteries and from the General Reserve. Among the guns in position on Lee's Hill, were two thirty-pound Parrotts, under Lieutenant Anderson, which had just been sent from Richmond, and one Whitworth rifle, the rest being all light field guns. Along the front of Pickett's Division, were posted the guns of Garnett's Battalio
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