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John G. B. Adams, Reminiscences of the Nineteenth Massachusetts Regiment, Chapter 4: our first campaign.--battle of Fair Oaks. (search)
would be repeated by each turning the head to the rear as he spoke. One message I remember,--Send a man to take Daniel Webster's place. We supposed Daniel had been shot, but if a man was wanted to fill the place of our lamented Daniel Webster, we did not think Company A could spare the man. After a sharp fight the rebels fell back and we began the march up the peninsula. The condition of the roads was such that we halted more than we marched, but at last we reached the banks of the Chickahominy River, and were ordered on picket between Bottom and Grape Vine bridges. Saturday, May 31, the battle of Fair Oaks began. We were not relieved from picket until Sunday morning, when we were ordered to the front; here we were marched from right to left and left to right, constantly under fire but not really engaged. We were at times passing over portions of the field that had been held by the rebels, and the ground was strewn with the dead and wounded. When the battle ended we were orde
Waitt, Ernest Linden, History of the Nineteenth regiment, Massachusetts volunteer infantry , 1861-1865, Chapter 10: the march to the Chickahominy. (search)
Chapter 10: the march to the Chickahominy. On May 8, the second day after reaching West Point, the troops began the long, dreary march up the Peninsula, through rain and mud to the Chickahominy River. They first marched to Eltham, four miles distant, and remained there several days, while the engineer corps were building miles of corduroy roads and bridges. Here the men began to break down very fast and there was much sickness. While at Eltham many of the men were greatly interested in watching the landing of cattle. The beeves would be hoisted over the side of a flat boat, which had been towed up, and let into the river to swim ashore. The water was not deep at this point, and the soft muddy flats extended for some distance. Some of the animals would land in a soft place and, in their attempt to get ashore, would get mired up to their bellies and stay exhausted in the mud. The cattle guard would then get out to them by means of boards, shoot them, and put a rope about th
Waitt, Ernest Linden, History of the Nineteenth regiment, Massachusetts volunteer infantry , 1861-1865, Chapter 15: the rest at Harrison's Landing. (search)
nd spoke with great effect in several towns of the Commonwealth, inducing a large number of men to enlist. On Aug. 8, he returned to Harrison's Landing, and, though not recovered from his wounds, was immediately assigned to the command of the Third Brigade, composed of the Nineteenth and Twentieth Massachusetts, the Forty-Second and Fifty-Ninth New York, and Seventh Michigan regiments, Second division, Second Corps; which Division was assigned to cover the retreat of the army to the Chickahominy River, upon its evacuation of Harrison's Landing. Gen. Halleck, commander-in-chief, was opposed to any further demonstrations against Richmond from the position then occupied by the Army of the Potomac. McClellan, however, insisted upon the plan, declaring that the rebels had received a sincere chastising and that the Army was ready and anxious to again push forward. McClellan's purpose was to cross the James at Harrison's Landing, attack Petersburg, and cut off the enemy's communicatio
5th March joined Gen. Grant in the lines before Petersburg. He had not completed the circuit designed for him; but he had traversed thirteen counties, and done enormous damage. The damage to the canal was almost irreparable; every lock had been destroyed as far as Dugaldsville, twenty miles from Lynchburg; and as for the railroads radiating from Charlottesville to Waynesboro, Amherst Court-house and Louisa Court-house and extending from the South Anna to Chesterfield Station and the Chickahominy river, every bridge, nearly every culvert, and scores of miles of the rail itself had been completely destroyed. Sheridan's cavalry, diverted back from its intended tour to North Carolina, proved a timely and important accession to Grant's strength in his final encounter. There were indications that that encounter was near at hand. There had been days of painful expectation along the Confederate line. In the vicinity of Petersburg the heavy booming of guns was occasionally heard away o
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Massachusetts in the Army and Navy during the war of 1861-1865, vol. 1, Condensed history of regiments., Nineteenth regiment Massachusetts Infantry. (search)
1, and remained engaged in guarding the upper Potomac until the spring of 1862. In March the regiment, as part of General Sedgwick's forces moved to the Shenandoah valley; returning to Washington March 25, it joined General McClellan's forces on the Peninsula, being assigned to the 3d Brigade, Sedgwick's Division, 2d Corps, Army of the Potomac. It went into action before Yorktown April 7, and took part in the siege. After the surrender it engaged at West Point, and moved then to the Chickahominy River and encamped, engaging in June in the seven days battles, losing heavily at Glendale. At the battle of Antietam, forming part of Sedgwick's Division, the regiment took part in the charge on the morning of September 17, losing very heavily. At Fredericksburg, under command of Capt. H. G. O. Weymouth, it volunteered for duty in the crossing of the river and the attack in the streets of Fredericksburg, December 11. The regiment moved May 2, 1863, to take part in the spring campaign
m Richmond by the two great highways south of the swamp. All day the impedimenta of the Federal army were forced, with Northern energy, to the rear along the hidden, muddy roads that led through the forest wilderness. This unexpected movement was so well-concealed that it was on for four-and-twenty hours before Lee was informed of it, or could divine McClellan's intentions. The morning after the battle he had hastened Stuart, followed by Ewell, who was farthest on his left, down the Chickahominy river road to Dispatch Station. Stuart spared no time in seizing the railway, damaging its track and attacking the Federal guard, which he scattered from Dispatch Station. They saved him the trouble of destroying the bridge across the Chickahominy as they retreated toward McClellan's army. Stuart hastened after these trains loaded with ammunition and supplies, which plunged into the Chickahominy, while his dashing troopers followed the railway to the White House, with fire and sword, and
Capt. Calvin D. Cowles , 23d U. S. Infantry, Major George B. Davis , U. S. Army, Leslie J. Perry, Joseph W. Kirkley, The Official Military Atlas of the Civil War, Index. (search)
76, 2; 80, 6; 117, 1; 118, 1; 135-A; 138, H1; 139, A3; 142, H14; 143, A13 Chesterfield County, Va.: Section of 135, 3 Chester Gap, Va. 22, 5; 43, 7; 69, 1; 74, 1; 81, 4; 85, 1; 100, 1; 137, A5 Chester Station, Va. 65, 1; 77, 3; 137, F7 Available routes to Amelia Court-House, Va. 78, 1 Chesterville, S. C. 76, 2; 135-A Cheves, Battery, S. C. 4, 1; 131, 1 Chewalla, Tenn. 117, 1; 118, 1; 135-A; 149, D1; 154, B14 Chicago, Ill. 171 Chickahominy River, Va. 16, 1; 17, 1; 19, 1, 19, 3; 20, 1; 21, 9; 63, 8; 77, 1; 81, 3, 81, 6; 92, 1; 93, 1; 97, 2; 100, 1, 100, 2; 137, F8 Chickamauga, Ga.: Battle of, Sept. 19-20, 1863 30, 6; 46, 1, 46, 2, 46, 4; 47, 2, 47, 3, 47, 7; 96, 4; 97, 3; 98, 2; 101, 20; 111, 9 Chickamauga (Ga.) Campaign, Aug. 16-Sept. 22, 1863: Chickamauga, Sept. 19-20, 1863 30, 6; 46, 1, 46, 2, 46, 4; 47, 2, 47, 3, 47, 7; 96, 3; 97, 3; 98, 2; 101, 20; 111, 9 Theater of operations 48, 1 Chickamaug
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 11. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), A narrative of Stuart's Raid in the rear of the Army of the Potomac. (search)
. This was a most opportune capture, for the men were nearly out of rations and just in the mood to appreciate such knick-knacks. At Talleysville Stuart struck the old stage road leading from. Richmond to Williamsburg, over which a large portion of the Confederate army had retreated in the evacuation of the Peninsula. After marching a mile or more on this road the head of the column filed into one leading to Providence Forge, a princely estate, a portion of which is situated on the Chickahominy River. At Sycamore Springs, a contiguous plantation lying immediately above the one just mentioned, and which was noted for its great hospitality in the olden time, is a private ford, where the cavalry leader designed crossing the Chickahominy with his command into Charles City county, for he had been informed by reliable scouts before leaving camp near Richmond that the river at this point was fordable. But owing to heavy rains having fallen this ford was not in a condition to give suc
Historic leaves, volume 6, April, 1907 - January, 1908, Company E, 39th Massachusetts Infantry, in the Civil War.—(Iii.) (search)
Another day of quiet. Once in a while we hear the boom of a cannon, but it does not trouble us. The enemy are within one-half mile of our front. Doubtless some of their troops, as well as our own, were in motion somewhere, but we did not know of it. June 10. We lay in our works all day; received a mail from home; turned in at 10 p. m. June 11. We were called out at 3 in the morning, to march at 6, a distance of eight miles. We halted at 11 a. m. near Bottom's Bridge, on the Chickahominy River. Company B and Company H (mine) were detached for picket, and were stationed two miles from the bridge. I wrote hone and enclosed a Richmond Whig of May 20. (It is to-day in a good state of preservation.) June 12. We returned from picket at 11 a. m., and our regiment had an inspection by the brigade commander, Colonel Peter Lyle, of the Ninetieth Pennsylvania. This lasted a half-hour, after which we were ordered to fall in and stack arms. At 6 p. m. we were on the march again t
$25 reward --Runaway, about the 15th day of May, a Mudatto Boy, about five feet five inches high, twenty-seven years old, named Sandy. Left me at Long Bridge, on the Chickahominy river. $25 reward will be paid to any one who will return said boy to E. H. Stokes at Stokes's Hotel, Richmond, Va. Lieut. Wiley C. Tunstall, my 28--5* Co. D, 5th Ala Reg't.
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