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Oliver Otis Howard, Autobiography of Oliver Otis Howard, major general , United States army : volume 1, Chapter 21: battle of Fredericksburg (search)
he city is divided into three parts by two streams, the Hazel and the Deep Run, each of which has numerous branches. Hazel Run enters the Rappahannock close to the city. One branch from behind Marye Heights affords an extended, sheltered position in its valley; the other stream, the Deep Run, drains the high ground about Prospect Hill and enters the Rappahannock some distance south of the city. Before the arrival of Jackson, Longstreet had posted the troops, Anderson's division from Taylor's Hill eastward, to include the cemetery; Ransom's holding all the lines and works on Marye Heights; McLaws's division, coming next, covered all the low ground from Hazel Run to Harrison's place. Pickett, with his division's irregular formation, held some knolls from which he could sweep all the terrain between his front and Deep Run. Hood at first rested his left on the heights and extended his division as far as the Fredericksburg Railroad, in front of Prospect Hill, where were the notable
works at Chancellorsville, behind which Hooker had sought safety, Lee in person led Anderson's brigades to Salem church, where by midday he placed a formidable line of battle in position, with numerous batteries, covering the front of Sedgwick's lines, which extended across the bend of the Rappahannock, from near Banks' ford, southward, along the crest above Colin run across the plank road, then along, south of that, to within a mile of Fredericksburg, then north to the Rappahannock at Taylor's hill. The same morning Early, marching along the Telegraph road, had recaptured Marye heights, and moving westward joined the right of the troops Lee already had in position. By 6 in the afternoon the Confederate lines had advanced from the west, the south and the east, and forced Sedgwick back to the Rappahannock; but McLaws, on the left, was slow in his movements, and Sedgwick was enabled to escape, by pontoons, across the river below Banks' ford and under shelter of the river bluffs. Th
nk of the Rappahannock, and were searching for ways to cross over for an attack. On the southern side of the river, Lee's army was posted on the hills and ridges just back of Fredericksburg. His line extended parallel to the river, and stretched from a point just across from Falmouth to Hamilton's crossing, a distance of about three miles. His left was under Longstreet, and his right under Jackson. R. H. Anderson's division formed the extreme left of Longstreet. His line reached from Taylor's hill to the foot of Marye's hill. There, in the famous sunken road behind a stone wall, Cobb's brigade of McLaws' division was posted. On the left of Cobb and on the prolongation of his line, the Twenty-fourth North Carolina stood. General Ransom was in charge of a North Carolina division of eight regiments, and this was assigned place behind McLaws on the reserve line, and immediately behind the crest of Marye's and Willis' hills. The immediate care of this important point was committed
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 14. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Recollections of Fredericksburg.—From the morning of the 20th of April to the 6th of May, 1863. (search)
renches from Marye's Hill across the plank road towards Taylor's Hill. The Eighteenth regiment, under Colonel Griffin, was oired across the canal by the two bridges at the foot of Taylor's Hill. A party was left to destroy the two bridges, but the of the Twenty-first regiment between the plank road and Taylor's Hill. The second company, under Captain Richardson, was posas discovered moving from the city up the river towards Taylor's hill. I sent a courier to General Barksdale, then on Lee's t a mile off, and not in position, to send a battery to Taylor's Hill, to command the two bridges that spanned the canal. Inl Griffin, but received none. General Hays was sent to Taylor's Hill with three regiments of his brigade. These three regim nobly, and drove back the column that advanced against Taylor's Hill—if, indeed, the movement of this column was not a feintnk's ford, and General Hays, who had been sent to guard Taylor's Hill, moved back and threw their lines across the plank road
Comte de Paris, History of the Civil War in America. Vol. 2. (ed. Henry Coppee , LL.D.), Book VI:—Virginia. (search)
the aid of art. Marye's Heights, which command Fredericksburg at the southwest, form two tiers of terraces. The highest, which is the most remote from the town, terminates on one side on the borders of the Rappahannock, at a point called Taylor's Hill, about twentyfive hundred metres above the angle of the river; on the other side it is only separated by the small ravine of Hazel Run from the chain of wooded hills to which we have before alluded, and which is a direct continuation of it. k; but, having learned that Jackson was awaiting him behind some entrenchments that had been hastily thrown up, he gave up the project, nor did he think of looking out for a passage above Fredericksburg. In ascending the river, starting from Taylor's Hill, the right bank is precipitous and easy to defend, and soon after is covered with wood, which becomes thicker and thicker as one approaches the almost impenetrable forest of the wilderness, which extends beyond the point of confluence of the
Comte de Paris, History of the Civil War in America. Vol. 3. (ed. Henry Coppee , LL.D.), Book I:—the war on the Rapidan. (search)
the long line of positions extending from Taylor's Hill at the north to Prospect Hill southward, f heights which command Fredericksburg from Taylor's Hill to Lee's Hill, on a front of over three mieparated him from the enemy's positions of Taylor's Hill and Stansbury Hill. General Warren, who frals at Fredericksburg, hastened to occupy Taylor's Hill; finally, two pieces of the Washington artaintained himself as long as possible upon Taylor's Hill with the guns he had been able to save, anld fall back either upon Banks' Ford or on Taylor's Hill. In the first instance, he would have preront of more than two miles in extent from Taylor's Hill to the Guest dwelling. In order to cover Gordon advances alone in the direction of Taylor's Hill. The attack has been made with rapidity arder to preserve the important position of Taylor's Hill, he is compelled to abandon that of the Gupreciated the importance of the heights of Taylor's Hill, abandoned them to the enemy with regret, [2 more...]
Comte de Paris, History of the Civil War in America. Vol. 3. (ed. Henry Coppee , LL.D.), Book III:—Pennsylvania. (search)
der McLaws, penetrated this henceforth historical Wilderness. Another division followed it closely; the Third, under Hood, was already on the banks of the Rapidan, and the whole army corps, crossing this river, reached the neighborhood of Culpeper Courthouse on the evening of the 7th. A portion of Ewells corps had started in the same direction on the 4th; the remainder moved forward on the morning of the 5th: Hill's corps, therefore, was the only one left to occupy the positions from Taylor's Hill to Hamilton's Crossing in which the army had passed the winter, and it had to be deployed along this line in order to conceal the departure of two-thirds of the army. The vigilance of the outposts had, in fact, prevented Hooker's spies from reporting this departure to him: no one had been able to cross the river for several days. But the movements of troops caused by the removal of Hill's divisions could not altogether avoid attracting the attention of the Federals. Besides, they kne
Grand review of the army by the President. Fairfax C. H. Oct. 3. --President Davis, is accompanied by Generals Johnston, Beauregard, and Smith, and their Aids, had a grand review of the troops this morning. General Walker, Longstreet, Cocke, and Jones were out with their brigades; also, Major Walton's battalion of Washington Artillery. The day was beautiful, and the troops were in high spirits. It was a magnificent affair, and occupied three hours and a half. The President left for Manassas at 5 o'clock this evening, en route for Richmond. The Yankees have made no further advance. The Federal flag can be seen on Taylor's hill. A column of smoke is still rising from the neighborhood of Falls Church. Bohemian
the incidents of the day. This visit from the President has had a very good effect upon the army, and has gratified thousands of young men who have had an opportunity of meeting face to face the first President of the Confederate States. The Federals have made no further advance upon our lines, and I feel confident are not out of their fortifications in any force. This evening, while examining the horizon from the signal station, the "stars and stripes" were discovered flying from Taylor's hill apparently, which is but a short distance beyond Falls Church. On Wednesday night the old church, built prior to the Revolution, was fired by the enemy and destroyed. What the object was for this piece of vandalism, it is difficult to imagine. Fires are seen in every direction, and it is believed that the Yankees are making a clean sweep in their course. Yesterday two videttes were captured by Stuart's cavalry and brought into camp. They had lost their way and run into our lines.
barrels of sand for revealments, the scape extending some fifty, yards with a slight fosse beyond it. This work has been enlarged by the enemy, and considerably strengthened by uniting the cods, times making a defensive position in the rear. Taylor's hill, the site of Gen. Tyler's encampment before the battle of Manassa, has been re-occupied, and a regiment or more have pitched their tents there within a few days. It is about twelve hundred yards beyond the village of Falls Church, and is reaf bushes, forming an admirable place for a camping ground.--Here and at Langley, some five miles distant, seem to be the strongholds of the Federals outside of their fortifications. Yesterday a reconnaissance was made in the direction of Taylor's hill, and the true state of affairs discovered. Capt. Rosser, who is now stationed near Annandale, turned his battery into light artillery, and putting six horses to a place and mounting his men, started towards them. Throwing the pieces into li
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