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Today, however, circumstances are so completely reversed that the Hellenes regard Athens with hatred and the barbarians hold us in contempt. As to the hatred of us among the Hellenes, you have heard the report of our generalsHe speaks as though addressing an actual assembly which had received reports from the generals and dispatches from the King of Persia. See Introduction, close. themselves, and what the King thinks of us, he has made plain in the letters which have been dispatched by him.Threatening dispatches sent to the Athenians because Chares had supported the cause of the rebel satrap Artabazus. See 8, note.
I maintain, then, that we should make peace, not only with the Chians, the Rhodians, the Byzantines and the Coans, but with all mankind, and that we should adopt, not the covenants of peace which certain partiesEubulus, whose terms of peace were, apparently, not broad enough. have recently drawn up, but those which we have entered intoThe Peace of Antalcidas. See Isoc. 4.115, note a. with the king of Persia and with the Lacedaemonians, which ordain that the Hellenes be independent, that the alien garrisons be removed from the several states, and that each people retain its own territory. For we shall not find terms of peace more just than these nor more expedient for our city.
And yet they were involved in more and greater disasters in the time of the empireSo also Thuc. 1.23. than have ever befallen Athens in all the rest of her history. Two hundred ships which set sail for Egypt perished with their crews,These were sent to aid Inarus of Egypt in his revolt against Persia, 460 B.C. See Thuc. 1.104 ff. and a hundred and fifty off the island of Cyprus;Thucydides （Thuc. 1.112） speaks of a fleet of 200 ships of which 60 were sent to Egypt, the remainder under Cimon laying siege to Citium in Cyprus. This expedition, though expensive in the loss of men and money, was not disastrous like the former. in the Decelean WarThe text is very uncertain. The reading of the London papyrus is at least preferable since the loss of 10,000 hoplites （unless a hopeless exaggeration） cannot be accounted for if the reading of *g*e or that of the other MSS. is adopted. See Laistner in Classical Quarterly xv. p. 81. At the beginning of the Peloponnesian War （according to Thu
on the contrary, he acted basely toward his host, and being skilled at grasping, he expelled his benefactor and himself seized the throne. But distrustful of the consequences of his measures and wishing to make his position secure, he reduced the city to barbarism, and brought the whole island into subservience to the Great King.The kind of Persia, Artaxerxes.
In gratitude we honored them with the highest honors and set up their statuesIn front of the Zeus Stoa in the Agora: cf. Pausanias i. 3. 2. where stands the image of Zeus the Savior, near to it and to one another, a memorial both of the magnitude of their benefactions and of their mutual friendship.The king of Persia, however, did not have the same opinion of them: on the contrary, the greater and more illustrious their deeds the more he feared them. Concerning Conon I will give an account elsewhereIsocrates gives a brief discussion of Conon's affairs in Isoc. 5.62-64.; but that toward Evagoras he entertained this feeling not even the king himself sought to conceal.
and there we had won freedom, not only for the Hellenes who fought with us, but also for those who were compelled to be on the side of the Persians,The Greek cities on the Asiatic seaboard, which had been subject to Persia. and we accomplished this with the help of the Plataeans, who alone of the Boeotians fought with us in that war.The Thebans had “Medized.” The Plataeans in this battle acquitted themselves well; according to Plutarch （Plut. Arist. 20）, they were awarded the meed of valor. Cf. Isoc. 14.57 ff. And yet, after no great interval of time, the Lacedaemonians, to gratify Thebes,Cf. Isoc. 14.62. reduced the Plataeans by siege and put them all to the sword with the exception of those who had been able to escape through their lines.This was done by King Archidamus, who in the course of the Peloponnesian War besieged and took Plataea, 427 b.c. The walls of the town were razed, the women and children sold into slavery, the defenders slain, excepting some two hundred who escape