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George Bancroft, History of the United States from the Discovery of the American Continent, Vol. 2, 17th edition. 8 0 Browse Search
Cambridge History of American Literature: volume 1, Colonial and Revolutionary Literature: Early National Literature: Part I (ed. Trent, William Peterfield, 1862-1939., Erskine, John, 1879-1951., Sherman, Stuart Pratt, 1881-1926., Van Doren, Carl, 1885-1950.) 8 0 Browse Search
Jefferson Davis, The Rise and Fall of the Confederate Government 8 0 Browse Search
Cambridge History of American Literature: volume 2 (ed. Trent, William Peterfield, 1862-1939., Erskine, John, 1879-1951., Sherman, Stuart Pratt, 1881-1926., Van Doren, Carl, 1885-1950.) 6 0 Browse Search
George P. Rowell and Company's American Newspaper Directory containing accurate lists of all the newspapers and periodicals published in the United States and territories, and the dominion of Canada, and British Colonies of North America, together with a description of the towns and cities in which they are published: description of towns and cities. (ed. George P. Rowell and company) 6 0 Browse Search
C. Edwards Lester, Life and public services of Charles Sumner: Born Jan. 6, 1811. Died March 11, 1874. 6 0 Browse Search
William Schouler, A history of Massachusetts in the Civil War: Volume 1 6 0 Browse Search
George Bancroft, History of the United States from the Discovery of the American Continent, Vol. 4, 15th edition. 6 0 Browse Search
Historic leaves, volume 8, April, 1909 - January, 1910 6 0 Browse Search
Lucius R. Paige, History of Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1630-1877, with a genealogical register 6 0 Browse Search
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way of expressing their conviction that the word had no meaning for us. We have seen that, in the very front of their Articles of Confederation, they set forth the conspicuous declaration that each state retained its sovereignty, freedom, and independence. Massachusetts—the state, I believe, of Motley's nativity and citizenship—in her original constitution, drawn up by men of those days, made this declaration: The people inhabiting the territory formerly called the Province of Massachusetts Bay do hereby solemnly and mutually agree with each other to form themselves into a free, sovereign, and independent body politic, or State, by the name of The Commonwealth of Massachusetts. New Hampshire, in her constitution, as revised in 1792, had identically the same declaration, except as regards the name of the state and the word state instead of commonwealth. Madison, one of the most distinguished of the men of that day and of the advocates of the Constitution, in a speech al
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Adams, John Quincy, 1767- (search)
chartered rights, for English liberties, for the cause of Algernon Sidney and John Hampden, for trial by jury, the habeas corpus and Magna Charta. But the English lawyers had decided that Parliament was omnipotent; and Parliament, in their omnipotence, instead of trial by jury and the habeas corpus, enacted admiralty courts in England to try Americans for offences charged against them as committed in America; instead of the privileges of Magna Charta, nullified the charter itself of Massachusetts Bay, shut up the port of Boston, sent armies and navies to keep the peace and teach the colonies that John Hampden was a rebel and Algernon Sidney a traitor. English liberties had failed them. From the omnipotence of Parliament the colonists appealed to the rights of man and the omnipotence of the god of battles. Union! Union! was the instinctive and simultaneous cry throughout the land. Their Congress, assembled at Philadelphia, once — twice — had petitioned the King, had demonstrat
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Burke, Edmund, 1730-1797 (search)
hin the harbour, of Boston, in the province of Massachusetts Bay, in North America. That it may be proper tossion of riots and tumults, in the province of Massachusetts Bay, in New England. That it is proper to repear regulating the government of the province of Massachusetts Bay, in New England. That it is proper to expla that mode, by lately declaring a rebellion in Massachusetts Bay, as they had formerly addressed to have traitoble that the several provinces and colonies of Massachusetts Bay, New Hampshire, Connecticut, and Rhode Island thin the harbour of Boston, in the province of Massachusetts Bay, in North America.--And that it may be proper ssion of riots and tumults, in the province of Massachusetts Bay, in New England.--And that it may be proper tor regulating the government of the province of Massachusetts Bay, in New England.--And, also, that it may be prave weight with me in restoring the charter of Massachusetts Bay. Besides, sir, the act which changes the char
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Congress, Continental (search)
abstain from commercial intercourse with Great Britain. They tried to avoid the appearance of revolution while making bold propositions. Some were radical, some conservative, and some very timid. The tyranny of Gage in Boston produced much irritation in the Congress; and on Oct. 8, after a short but spicy debate, it passed the most important resolution of the session, in response to the Suffolk resolutions, as follows: That this Congress approve the opposition of the inhabitants of Massachusetts Bay to the execution of the late acts of Parliament; and if the same shall be attempted to be carried into execution by force, in such case all Americans ought to support them in their opposition. Thus the united colonies cast down the gauntlet of defiance. On the 14th the Congress adopted a Declaration of colonial rights. This was followed on the 20th by the adoption of The American Association, or general non-importation league. An Address to the people of Great Britain, written by
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Declaration of Independence. (search)
, contract alliances, establish commerce, and to do all other acts and things which independent states may of right do. And for the support of this declaration, with a firm reliance on the protection of Divine Providence, we mutually pledge to each other our lives, our fortunes, and our sacred honor. Signed by order and in behalf of the Congress. John Hancock, President. Attested, Charles Thompson, Secretary. New Hampshire. Josiah Bartlett, William Whipple, Matthew Thornton. Massachusetts Bay. Samuel Adams, John Adams, Robert Treat Paine, Elbridge Gerry. Rhode Island, Etc. Stephen Hopkins, William Ellery. Connecticut. Roger Sherman, Samuel Huntington, William Williams, Oliver Wolcott. New York. William Floyd, Philip Livingston, Francis Lewis, Lewis Morris. New Jersey. Richard Stockton, John Witherspoon, Francis Hopkinson, John Hart, Abraham Clark. North Carolina. William Hooper, Joseph Hewes, John Penn. Georgia. Button Gwinnett, Lyman Hall, George Wa
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Eliot, Andrew, 1718-1778 (search)
Eliot, Andrew, 1718-1778 Clergyman; born in Boston, Mass., Dec. 28, 1718; graduated at Harvard College in 1737; ordained associate pastor of the New North Church in Boston, where he was sole pastor after 1750. When the British occupied Boston he did much to ameliorate the condition of the people. He also saved valuable manuscripts, among them the second volume of the History of Massachusetts Bay, when the house of Governor Hutchinson was invested by a mob. He died in Boston, Mass., Sept. 13, 1778.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Essex, the, (search)
en 32-pounder carronades, and one howitzer; also six 3-pounders in her tops. Her crew consisted of 320 men Essex fighting Phoebe and Cherub. and boys. the Cherub mounted eighteen 32-pounder carronades below, with eight 24-pounder carronades and two long nines above, making a total of twenty-eight guns. Her crew numbered 180. the Essex at that time could muster only 225, and the Essex Junior only sixty. the Essex had forty 32-pounder carronades and The Essex and her prizes in Massachusetts Bay, Nooaheevah. six long 12-pounders; and the Essex Junior had only ten 18-pounder carronades and ten short sixes. The British vessels blockaded Porter's ships. At length he determined to escape. The sails of his vessels were spread for the purpose (March 28, 1814), and both vessels started for the open sea, when a squall partially disabled the flagship, and both took shelter in a bay. There they were attacked by the Phoebe and Cherub, and one of the most desperate and sanguinary battl
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Gorges, Sir Ferdinando 1565-1647 (search)
ution of the company (1635), Gorges, then a vigorous man of sixty years, was appointed (1637) governorgeneral of New England, with the powers of a palatine, and prepared to come to America, but was prevented by an accident to the ship in which he was to sail. He made laws for his palatinate, but they were not acceptable. Gorges enjoyed his viceregal honors a few years, and died in England in 1647. His son Robert had a tract of land bestowed upon him in New England, on the coast of Massachusetts Bay, extending 10 miles along the coast and 30 miles inland. He was appointed lieutenantgeneral of New England, with a council, of whom Francis West, who had been commissioned Admiral of New England, by the council of Plymouth, and the governor of New Plymouth for the time being, were to be members, having the power to restrain interlopers. West, as admiral, attempted to force tribute from the fishing-vessels on the coast, Gorges brought to New England with him a clergyman named Morrell,
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Higginson, Francis 1588- (search)
, and accepted an invitation to the new Puritan settlement at Salem, to which place he emigrated in the summer of 1629, and where he died Aug. 6, 1630. His son John succeeded, became a teacher, chaplain of the fort at Saybrook, one of the seven pillars of the church at Guildford, and pastor of his father's church at Salem in 1660, where he continued until his death, Dec. 9, 1708. Francis Higginson was among the carefully selected company of pioneers in the founding of the colony of Massachusetts Bay, who landed at Naumkeag (afterwards named Salem), with John Endicott, in 1629. It was late in June when the little company arrived at their destination, where the corruptions of the English Church were never to be planted, and Higginson served the people in spiritual matters faithfully until his death. With the same company came two excellent brothers, John and Samuel Browne. Both were members of the council, were reputed to be sincere friends of the plantation, had been favorites o
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Hutchinson, Thomas 1711-1780 (search)
oralities for the sake of liberty, and scores of other tales, which Hutchinson did not deny; and for two hours the conversation went on, until the King was satisfied that Boston would be unsupported in its rebellious attitude by the other colonies. The author of this intelligence, says Bancroft, became at once a favorite, was offered the rank of a baronet, and was consulted as an oracle by Gibbon, the historian, and other politicians at court. Boston tea party. In his history of Massachusetts Bay, Governor Hutchinson gives the following account of the destruction of tea in Boston Harbor: The Assembly being prorogued, there was again room to hope for a few months of freedom from civil contention. The complaint against the governor was gone to England; the salaries of the judges were suspended for the consideration of the next session: these were the two subjects of controversy peculiar to Massachusetts colony. Not more than two or three months had passed before a new subj
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