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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Carr, Sir Robert 1664-1667 (search)
Carr, Sir Robert 1664-1667 Commissioner; born in Northumberland, England. In 1664 he was appointed, with Sir Richard Nicolls (q. v.) and others, on a commission to regulate the affairs of New England, and to take possession of New Netherland (q. v.). The commission came on a fleet which had been fitted out to operate against the Dutch settlers on the Hudson. Carr and Nichols gained possession of New Netherland Aug. 27, 1664, and named it New York in honor of the Duke of York. On Sept. 24 of the same year Fort Orange surrendered to the English, and was renamed Albany. In February, 1665, Carr and his associates went to Boston, but the colonists there declined to recognize them, as did also the towns in New Hampshire. In Maine, however, the commissioners were well received, and a new government was established in that colony, which lasted from 1666 to 1668. He died in Bristol, England, June 1, 1667.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Carteret, Sir George 1599- (search)
antly against the forces of Cromwell. At the Restoration he rode with the King in his triumphant entry into London. Carteret became one of the privy council, vice-chamberlain, and treasurer of the navy. Being a personal friend of James, Duke of York, to whom Charles II. granted New Netherland, Carteret and Berkeley (another favorite) easily obtained a grant of territory between the Hudson and Delaware rivers, which, in gratitude for his services in the Island of Jersey, was called New Jerseyidow, Lady Elizabeth, executrix of his estate. Sir George was one of the grantees of the Carolinas, and a portion of that domain was called Carteret colony. Governor Andros, of New York, claimed political jurisdiction, in the name of the Duke of York, over all New Jersey. Philip Carteret, governor of east Jersey, denied it, and the two governors were in open opposition. A friendly meeting of the two magistrates, on Staten Island, was proposed. Carteret declined it; and Andros warned him to
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), George (William Frederick) 1737-1820 (search)
anxiety during her illness deprived him of reason. He had been threatened with insanity once or twice before; now his mind was clouded forever. The first indication of his malady appeared on the day of the completion of the fiftieth year of his reign, Oct. 25, 1810. From that date his reign ceased in fact, and his son George, Prince of Wales, was made regent of the kingdom (Feb. 5, 1811). For nearly nine years the care of his person was intrusted to the faithful Queen. In 1819 the Duke of York assumed the responsibility. The Queen was simple in her tastes and habits, rigid in the performance of moral duties, kind and benevolent. Their lives were models of moral purity and domestic happiness. The King died in Windsor Castle, Jan. 29, 1820. There were members of the aristocracy that, through envy, hated Pitt, who, in spite of them, had been called to the highest offices in the kingdom. When young Prince George heard of the death of the King, he went to Carleton House, the re
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Grand remonstrance, the. (search)
y hostile act or spoil in the country they passed, more than forcing a passage over the Tyne at Newburn, near Newcastle, possessed themselves of Newcastle, and had a fair opportunity to press on further upon the King's army. 101. But duty and reverence to His Majesty, and brotherly love to the English nation, made them stay there, whereby the King had leisure to entertain better counsels. 102. Wherein God so blessed and directed him that he summoned the Great Council of Peers to meet at York upon the 24th of September, and there declared a Parliament to begin the 3d of November then following. 103. The Scots, the first day of the Great Council, presented an humble Petition to His Majesty, whereupon the Treaty was appointed at Ripon. 104. A present cessation of arms agreed upon, and the full conclusion of all differences referred to the wisdom and care of the Parliament. 105. At our first meeting, all oppositions seemed to vanish, the mischiefs were so evident which tho
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Morton, or Mourt, George 1585- (search)
Morton, or Mourt, George 1585- Author; born in York, England, in 1585; became a Puritan in 1600; settled in Leyden. Holland, and acted as agent for the Puritans in London till 1620. He then went to New England, taking reinforcements to the Pilgrims in Plymouth. He was the author of Mourt's relation of the beginning and proceeding of the English plantation settled at Plymouth in New England. He died about 1628.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Murray, Lindley 1745- (search)
Murray, Lindley 1745- Grammarian; born in Swatara, Pa., April 22, 1745; was a member of the Society of Friends. His father was a successful merchant in New York, to which place he removed in 1753. Lindley Murray. Lindley became a lawyer. During the Revolution he acquired such a handsome property by mercantile pursuits that he was able to retire from business, and in 1784 went to England for his health. where he purchased a small estate near York. In 1787 he published a tract entitled The power of religion on the mind, which passed through many editions. He is chiefly known as author of an English grammar (1795), an English reader, and an English spelling-book. He died near York, England, Feb. 16, 1826.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Penn, William 1644- (search)
s of polite society, but he steadily refused. He soon became a Quaker preacher and a powerful controversial writer, producing several notable William Penn. pamphlets. He attacked the generally received doctrines of the Trinity, but afterwards partially retracted, when it had produced great excitement in the religious society of England. He was confined in the Tower nine months, during which he wrote his principal work, entitled No cross, no Crown. Departure of the welcome The Duke of York, under whom Admiral Penn had served, procured his release. Penn was arrested for preaching in the streets in London, charged with creating a tumult and disturbing the peace. His trial took place in the mayor's court. The jury declared him not guilty, but the court determined to convict him, and ordered the jury to bring in a verdict of guilty. They refused, and were fined and sent to Newgate Prison. Afterwards he suffered much persecution for his nonconformity. He travelled in Holland
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Quakers. (search)
if they would settle in New Jersey, where they would be free from persecution, and in 1677 several hundred came over. In March a company of 230 came in the ship Kent. Before they sailed King. Charles gave them his blessing. the Kent reached New York in August, with commissioners to manage publie affairs in New Jersey. The arrival was reported to Andros, who was governor of New York, and claimed political jurisdiction over the Jerseys. Fenwick, who denied the jurisdiction of the Duke of York in the collection of customs duties, was then in custody at New York, but was allowed to depart with the other Friends, on his own recognizance to answer in the autumn. On Aug. 16 the Kent arrived at New Castle, but it was three months before a permanent place was settled upon. That place was on the Delaware River, and was first named Beverly. Afterwards it was called Bridlington, after a parish in Yorkshire, England, whence many of the emigrants had come. The name was corrupted to Burli
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Sandys, Edwin 1561-1629 (search)
Sandys, Edwin 1561-1629 Statesman, born in Worcester, England, in 1561; was a son of the Bishop of York; became a pupil of Richard Hooker at Oxford; travelled much in Europe; and, on the accession of King James, was knighted. He became an influential member of the London Company, in which he introduced reforms; and in 1619, being treasurer of the company, he was chiefly instrumental in introducing representative government in Virginia, under Yeardly. The fickle King forbade his re-election in 1620; but he had served the interest of the colony and of humanity by proposing to send young maidens to Virginia to become wives of the planters. He died in Northbourne, Kent, in 1629.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Sears, Isaac 1729- (search)
as thoroughly hated by the government and the Tory party, and was in custody on a charge of treason when the news of the fight at Lexington reached New York. Because of his leadership, his enemies called him King Sears. He was maligned, caricatured, satirized, and made the object of Tory squibs and epigrams like the following, which was published when the committee of fifty-one refused to recommend a revival of the non-importation league: And so, my good masters, I find it no joke, For York has stepped forward and thrown off the yoke Of Congress, Committees, and even King Sears, Who shows you good nature by showing his ears. Rivington abused him in his newspaper without stint. Sears retaliated by entering the city one day, Nov. 23, 1775, at the head of some Connecticut horsemen and destroying that publisher's printing establishment. In the spring of 1776 he was General Charles Lee's adjutant. When the war ended his business and fortune were gone. In 1785 he sailed for Can
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