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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 123 BC or search for 123 BC in all documents.

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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), Pompeius Magnus or Pompeius the Great or Cn. Pompeius (search)
have been most injurious to the interests of the aristocracy itself. The law was passed with little opposition; for the senate felt that it was worse than useless to contend against Pompey, supported as he was by the popular enthusiasm and by his troops, which were still in the immediate neighbourhood of the city. Later in the same year Pompey also struck another blow at the aristocracy by lending his all-powerful aid to the repeal of another of Sulla's laws. From the time of C. Gracchus (B. C. 123) to that of Sulla (B. C. 80), the joudices had been taken exclusively from the equestrian order; but by one of Sulla's laws they had been chosen during the last ten years from the senate. The corruption and venality of the latter in the administration of justice had excited such general indignation that some change was clamorously demanded by the people. Accordingly, the praetor L. Aurelius Cotta, with the approbation of Pompey, proposed a law by which the judices were to be taken in futur
e. He remained in the island as proconsul in the. following year, B. C. 131; and, with ten commissioners appointed by the senate, he made various regulations for the government of the province, which were known by the name of Lex Rupilia, though it was not a lex proper. (Vell. 2.7; Cic. Lael. 11; Liv. Epit. 59 ; Oros. 5.9; V. Max. 2.7.3, 6.9.8, 9.12.1; Cic. Ver. 3.54, 4.50, ad Ati. 13.32, Verr. 2.13, 15, 16.) Rupilius was condemned, along with his colleague in the tribunate of C. Gracchus, B. C. 123, on account of his illegal and cruel acts in the prosecution of the friends of Tib. Gracchus (Vell. Pat. l.c.). He was an intimate friend of Scipio Africanus the younger, who obtained the consulship for him, but who failed in gaining the same honour for his brother Lucius. He is said to have taken his brother's failure so much to heart as to have died in consequence ; but as it probably happened about the same time as his own condemnation, the latter indignity may have had more share in ca
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
nd left his son a very slender patrimony. The latter had thought at first of carrying on the trade of a money-lender ; but he finally resolved to devote himself to the study of eloquence, with the hope of rising to the honours of the state. He likewise served in the army, where he appears to have gained some distinction. His first campaign was in Spain, probably in the war against Numantia. He next served under the consul L. Aurelius Orestes, in Sardinia, B. C. 126. He was curule aedile in B. C. 123, but was prevented by his poverty from giving the games with much splendour. Though we have only scanty accounts of his early career, it appears that he had already obtained great influence in the state; and he is mentioned by Sallust as one of the leading men at Rome, when Adherbal came to the city, about B. C. 117, to solicit assistance against Jugurtha. He was one of the few Roman nobles who abstained on that occasion from receiving the bribes of Jugurtha, but more through fear of the o
the other six praetors presided in the Quaestiones; but as the latter were more in number than the praetors, some of the praetors took more than one quaestio, or a judex quaestionis was appointed. The praetors, after their election, had to draw lots for their several jurisdictions. Sulla enacted that the judices should be taken exclusively from the senators, and not from the equites, the latter of whom had possessed this privilege, with a few interruptions, from the law of C. Gracchus, in B. C. 123. This was a great gain for the aristocracy; since the offences for which they were usually brought to trial, such as bribery, malversation, and the like, were so commonly practised by the whole order, that they were, in most cases, nearly certain of acquittal from men who required similar indulgence themselves. (Tac. Ann. 11.22; Vell. 2.32; Cic. Verr. Act. 1.13, 16; comp. Dictionary of Antiquities, art. Judex.) Sulla's reform in the criminal law, the greatest and most enduring part of hi
The'mison (*Qemi/swn), the name of probably three physicians. 1. The founder of the ancient medical sect of the Methodici, and one of the most eminent physicians of his time, was a native of Laodiceia in Syria (Pseudo-Gal. Introd. 100.4. vol. xiv. p. 684). He was a pupil of Asclepiades of Bithynia (Pliny, Plin. Nat. 29.5), and must have lived, therefore, in the first century B. C. Augustin, in his Gesch. der Med. in tabellarischer Form, says he was born B. C. 123, and died B. C. 43, which may possibly be quite correct, though he has not stated his reasons for giving such exact dates. Nothing more is known of the events of his life, except that he seems to have travelled a good deal; as he mentions Crete and Milan, apparently as an eye-witness (ap. Cael. Aurel. De Morb. Acut. 3.18, p. 252). Neither is it certain whether he ever visited Rome, though it is perhaps more probable that he did so. He differed from his tutor on several points in his old age, and became the founder of a ne
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
acchi and tribunus plebis in B. C. 133, the year in which Tiberius was also tribunus plebis. Lucullus could not play the part of Xerxes in a toga earlier than B. C. 63. In B. C. 129 Tubero failed in his candidateship for the praetorship, but in B. C. 123 he was praetor. Pomponius says that he was also consul, but it has been inferred from the passage in the Brutus (100.31) that he never obtained the consulship. He appears however to have been consul suffectus in B. C. 118. He was an opponent of Brutus (100.31) that he never obtained the consulship. He appears however to have been consul suffectus in B. C. 118. He was an opponent of C. Gracchus as well as of Tiberius, and delivered some speeches against him B. C. 123. Tubero is one of the speakers in Cicero's dialogue de Republica. The passages in the Pandect in which Tubero is cited do not refer to this Tubero, but to the son of Lucius. (Cic. Brut. ed. H. Meyer, 100.31, and the note; H. Meyer, Oratorum Romanorum Frag. p. 251, 2d ed.)
married a sister of a Roman eques, Vettius Chilo (Verrin. 2.3. 71, 72), by whom he had a son, whom, at fifteen years of age, he admitted as the spectator and partner of his vices (lb. 9. 68 ; Pseudo Ascon. in loc.), and a daughter, who was married at the time of her accompanying Verres to Sicily. (Sen. Suas. p. 43, Bip. ed.; Lactant. Div. Inst. 2.4.) Prosecution of Verres by Cicero The trial of Verres was a political as well as a judicial cause. From the tribunate of the Gracchi (B. C. 133-123), when the judicia were transferred to the equites, to the dictatorship of Sulla (B. C. 81-79), who restored them to the senate, there had been an eager contest at Rome for the judicial power. The equites and the senators had proved equally corrupt, and the Marian party, supported by the Italians and the provincials, clamoured loudly for a reform of the courts. Verres was a criminal whose condemnation might justify Sulla's law, whose acquittal would prove the unfitness of the senate for the j
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