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Pindar, Olympian (ed. Diane Arnson Svarlien), Olympian 11 For Hagesidamus of Western Locri Boys' Boxing 476 B. C. (search)
Olympian 11 For Hagesidamus of Western Locri Boys' Boxing 476 B. C. There is a time when men's need for winds is the greatest, and a time for waters from the sky, the rainy offspring of clouds. But when anyone is victorious through his toil, then honey-voiced odesbecome the foundation for future fame, and a faithful pledge for great deeds of excellence. This praise is dedicated to Olympian victors, without stint. My tongue wants to foster such themes;but it is by the gift of a god that a man flourishes with a skillful mind, as with anything else. For the present rest assured, Hagesidamus son of Archestratus: for the sake of your boxing victory, I shall loudly sing a sweet song, an adornment for your garland of golden olive,while I honor the race of the Western Locrians. There, Muses, join in the victory-song; I shall pledge my word to you that we will find there a race that does not repel the stranger, or is inexperienced in fine deeds, but one that is wise and warlike too. Fornei
Pindar, Nemean (ed. Diane Arnson Svarlien), Nemean 1 For Chromius of Aetna Chariot Race ?476 B. C. (search)
Nemean 1 For Chromius of Aetna Chariot Race ?476 B. C. Sacred place where Alpheus breathed again; Ortygia, scion of renowned Syracuse, bed of Artemis, sister of Delos! From you sweet-voicedsong rushes out to give great praise for storm-footed horses, by the grace of Aetnaean Zeus. The chariot of Chromius and Nemea urge me to harness a song of praise for deeds of victory. The foundations of the song have been laid with the gods, and with this man's god-given excellence.The summit of perfect glory is found in good fortune. The Muse loves to remember great contests. Sow some splendor on the island, which Zeus the lord of Olympus gave to Persephone; he nodded assent with his flowing hair, that as the best land on the fruitful earth< he would make Sicily fertile and prosperous in her cities blossoming with wealth. And the son of Cronus sent her a people enamored of bronze-armored battle, horsemen often wedded to the golden leaves of Olympia's olive. I have embarked on the occasion for
Strabo, Geography, Book 6, chapter 1 (search)
to avenge those gods, and also to enquire how they, now utterly ruined, might be saved. Apollo bade them go forth with the Chalcidians to Rhegium, and to be grateful to his sister; for, he added, they were not ruined, but saved, inasmuch as they were surely not to perish along with their native land, which would be captured a little later by the Spartans. They obeyed; and therefore the rulers of the Rhegini down to AnaxilasAnaxilas (also spelled Anaxilaüs) was ruler of Rhegium from 494 to 476 B.C. (Diod. Sic. 11.48). were always appointed from the stock of the Messenians. According to Antiochus, the Siceli and Morgetes had in early times inhabited the whole of this region, but later on, being ejected by the Oenotrians, had crossed over into Sicily. According to some, Morgantium also took its name from the Morgetes of Rhegium.Cp. 6. 2. 4. The Latin name of this Sicilian city was "Murgantia." Livy 10.17 refers to another Murgantia in Samnium. The city of Rhegium was once very p
Strabo, Geography, Book 6, chapter 2 (search)
essenian, but Mamertine, and it rivals the best of the Italian wines. The city is fairly populous, though Catana is still more so, and in fact has received Romans as inhabitants; but Tauromenium is less populous than either. Catana, moreover, was founded by the same Naxians, whereas Tauromenium was founded by the Zanclaeans of Hybla; but Catana lost its original inhabitants when Hiero, tyrant of Syracuse, established a different set of colonists there and called it Aetna instead of Catana.476 B.C. And Pindar too calls him the founder of Aetna when he say: "Attend to what I say to thee, O Father, whose name is that of the holy sacrifices,The Greek here for "sacrifices" is "hieron." founder of Aetna." But at the death of Hiero467 B.C. the Catanaeans came back, ejected the inhabitants, and demolished the tomb of the tyrant.461 B.C. And the Aetnaeans, on withdrawing, took up their abode in a hilly district of Aetna called Innesa, and called the place, which is eighty stadia from C
rson, probably, from the painter, mentioned in B. xxxv. c. 40. of Rhodes, placed in the Temple of that God; a Latona and Diana also; the Nine Muses; and another Apollo, without drapery. The Apollo holding the Lyre, in the same temple, was executed by Timarchides.See B. xxxiv. c. 19. In the Temple of Juno, within the Porticos of Octavia, there is a figure of that goddess, executed by Dionysius,Supposed by Sillig not to be the early statuary of Argos of that name, who flourished, probably, B.C. 476. and another by Polycles,See B. xxxiv. c. 19. as also other statues by Praxiteles."Pasiteles" would appear to be a preferable reading; for Pliny would surely have devoted more space to a description of these works of Praxiteles. This Polycles, too, in conjunction with Dionysius,The same artist that is previously mentioned, Sillig thinks. the son of Timarchides, made the statue of Jupiter, which is to be seen in the adjoining temple.Of Jupiter. The figures of Pan and Olympus Wrestling, in the
Boges (*Bo/ghs), the Persian governor of Eion in Thrace, when Xerxes invaded Greece in B. C. 480. Boges continued to hold the place till B. C. 476, when it was besieged by the Athenians under Cimon. Boges, finding that he was unable to defend the town, and refusing to surrender it, killed his wife, children, and family, and set fire to the place, in which he himself perished. (Hdt. 7.113, 107; Plut. Cim. 7, who calls him *Bouths; Paus. 8.8.5, who calls him *Boh/s; Polyaen. 7.24, who calls him *Bo/rghs; comp. Diod. 11.60
Charondas (*Xarw/ndas), a lawgiver of Catana, who legislated for his own and the other cities of Chalcidian origin in Sicily and Italy. (Aristot. Pol. 2.10.) Now, these were Zancle, Naxos, Leontini, Euboea, Mylae, Himera, Callipolis, and Rhegium. He must have lived before the time of Anaxilaus, tyrant of Rhegium, i. e. before B. C. 494, for the Rhegians used the laws of Charondas till they were abolished by Anaxilaus, who, after a reign of eighteen years, died B. C. 476. These facts sufficiently refute the common account of Charondas, as given by Diodorus (12.12) : viz. that after Thurii was founded by the people of the ruined city of Sybaris, the colonists chose Charondas, " the best of their fellow-citizens," to draw up a code of laws for their use. For Thurii, as we have seen, is not included among the Chalcidian cities, and the date of its foundation is B. C. 443. It is also demonstrated by Bentley (Phalaris, p. 367, &c.), that the laws which Diodorus gives as those drawn up by C
Consi'dius 1. Q. Considius, tribune of the plebs, B. C. 476, united with his colleague T. Genucius in bringing forward the agrarian law again, and also in accusing T. Mnenius Lanatus, the consul of the preceding year, because it was supposed that the Fabii had perished at Cremera through his neglect. (Liv. 2.52; Dionys. A. R. 9.27.)
Diony'sius artists. 1. Of Argos, a statuary, who was employed together with Glaucus in making the works which Smicythus dedicated at Olympia. This fixes the artist's time; for Smicythus succeeded Anaxilas as tyrant of Rhegium in B. C. 476. The works executed by Dionysius were statues of Contest (*)Agw/n) carrying a(lth=res (Dict. of Ant. s. v.), of Dionysius, of Orpheus, and of Zeus without a beard. (Paus. 5.26. §§ 3-6.) He also made a horse and charioteer in bronze, which were among the works dedicated at Olympia by Phormis of Maenalus, the contemporary of Gelon and Hiero. (Paus. 5.27.1
Emme'nidae (*)Emmeni/dai), a princely family at Agrigentum, which traced its origin to the mythical hero Polyneices. Among its members we know Emmenides (from whom the family derived its name) the father of Aenesidamus, whose sons Theron and Xencerates are celebrated by Pindar as victors at the great games of Greece. Theron won a prize at Olympia, in Ol. 76 (B. C. 476), in the chariot-race with four full-grown horses, and Xenocrates gained prizes in the horserace at the Pythian, Isthmian, and Panathenaic games. (Pind. Ol. 2.48, 3.38, Pyth. 6.5, with the Scholiast, and Böckh's Explicat. ad Pind. pp. 114, &c., 119. 122, 127, 135; Muller, Orchom. p. 332, 2nd edit.) [L
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