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ertus, conquered the Sabines and obtained the honour of a triumph on account of his victory. In the struggles between the patricians and plebeians he is represented as a man of moderate views, who had the good fortune, rarely to be found in civil strifes, of being beloved and trusted by both parties. It was owing to his mediation that the first great rupture between the patricians and plebeians, when the latter seceded to the Sacred Mount, was brought to a happy and peaceful termination in B. C. 493; and it was upon this occasion he is said to have related to the plebeians his well-known foible of the belly and its members. He died at the latter end of this year, and as he did not leave sufficient property for defraying the expences of any but a most ordinary funeral, he was buried at the public expence in a most splendid manner: the plebeians had made voluntary contributions for the purpose, which were given to the children of Lanatus, after the senate had insisted that the expences
Lici'nius 1. C. Licinius, was, according to Livy (2.33), one of the first tribunes of the plebs, B. C. 493, who was elected with only one colleague, L. Albinius, and according to the same writer, these two immediately elected three others. According to other writers the number of two remained unchanged for a time; and, according to others again, among whom is Dionysius (6.89), five were originally elected by the people, and of them, two were Licinii, namely Caius and Publius. (Comp. Liv. 2.58; Ascon. in Cic. Cornel. p. 76, with Orelli's note; Plut. Cor. 7.)
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Ru'tilus, Nau'tius 1. Sp. Nautius Rutilus, is first mentioned by Dionysius in B. C. 493, as one of the most distinguished of the younger patricians at the time of the secession of the plebeians to the Sacred Mount. He was consul in B. C. 488 with Sex. Furius Medullinus Fusus, in which year Coriolanus marched against Rome. (Dionys. A. R. 6.69, 8.16, &c.; Liv. 2.39.)
in the fifth year of the republic. Both consuls fought against the Sabines, over whom they gained a decisive victory in the neighbourhood of Tibur, and obtained in consequence the honour of a triumph. (Liv. 2.16 ; Zonar. 5.37-39; Plut. Publ. 20; Zonar. 7.13.) Tubertus was consul again in B. C. 503 with Agrippa Menenius Lanatus. According to Livy he defeated the Aurunci, and on his return triumphed over them; but other authorities relate that he again fought against the Sabines, and at first with bad success, but that he afterwards gained a victory over them, and on his return celebrated the lesser triumph or ovation, which was on this occasion first introduced at Rome. (Dionys. A. R. 5.44-47; Zonar. 7.13; Plin. Nat. 15.29 ; Fasti Cap.) In B. C. 493 he was one of the ten ambassadors sent by the senate to the people on the Sacred Mountain. (Dionys. A. R. 6.69.) This Tubertus was buried in the city on account of his virtues, a privilege which his posterity retained. (Cic. de Leg. 2.23.)
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
der B. C. 495, these events ought probably to be placed in the latter year, in accordance with Dionysius (6.29). In the following year, B. C. 501, Cassius was appointed first magister equitum to the first dictator, T. Larcius Flavus; but in some authorities a different year is given for the first dictatorship. After the battle of the lake Regillus in B. C. 498 or 496, Cassius is said to have urged in the senate the destruction of the Latin towns. (Liv. 2.18; Dionys. A. R. 5.75, 6.20.) In B. C. 493 he was consul a second time with Postumus Cominius Auruncus; and they entered upon their consulship during the secession of the plebeians to the Sacred Mount. The second consulship of Cassius is memorable by the league which he formed with the Latins. As soon as the plebeians had become reconciled to the patricians, and had returned to Rome, Cominius marched against the Volscians, while his colleague remained at Rome to ratify the league with the Latins. According to Niebuhr the campaign o
raised by pumping it out, used to close a sluiceway or entrance to a dock. It works in grooves in the dock walls, and acts as a lock-gate. See Plate XIX. page 884. Pon-ton′--bridge. (Military Engineering.) A temporary military bridge supported on flat-bottomed boats or floats, termed pontons. The use of boats or floats for supporting temporary bridges is of great antiquity. Darius Hytaspes and his army crossed the Bosphorus on a bridge of this kind in order to invade Greece 493 B. C., and his successor Xerxes constructed one across the Hellespont, 480 B. C., for the same purpose, of which we have a description in Herodotus. Its length was 500 paces. Ships were used as pontons; suspension-cords of flax and biblos united them; transverse beams were laid on the ropes, planks on the beams, soil on the planks, and the armies crossed thereon. Cyrus, according to Xenophon, threw over the Meander a bridge supported on seven boats. Pompey crossed the Euphrates by a boat-b
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