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ation on the tyranny of those by whom he was upheld, and succeeded in procuring the acquittal of his client. Soon after (B. C. 79) he again came indirectly into collision with Sulla; for having undertaken to defend the interests of a woman of Arretiutempered, he determined to quit Italy for a season, and to visit the great fountains of arts and eloquence. Accordingly (B. C. 79) he repaired in the first instance to Athens, where he remained for six months, diligently revising and extending his aces were excluded with the most scrupulous superstition, it was discovered that P. Clodius Pulcher, son of Appius (consul B. C. 79), had found his way into the mansion disguised in woman's apparel, and, having been detected, had made his escape by theh L. Lucullus the elder died and left his son under the guardianship of Cato. In the fifth book we are carried hack to B. C. 79 and transported from Italy to Athens, where Cicero was at that time prosecuting his studies. [See above, p. 709b.] The d
Ci'cero 6. Q. Tullius Cicero, son of No. 2, was born about B. C. 102, and was educated along with his elder brother, the orator, whom he accompanied to Athens in B. C. 79. (De Fin. 5.1.) In B. C. 67 he was elected aedile, and held the office of praetor in B. C. 62. After his period of service in the city had expired, he succeeded L. Flaccus as governor of Asia, where he remained for upwards of three years, and during his administration gave great offence to many, both of the Greeks and of his own countrymen, by his violent temper, unguarded language, and the corruption of his favourite freedman, Statius. The murmurs arising from these excesses called forth from Marcus that celebrated letter (ad Q. Fr. 1.2), in which, after warning him of his faults and of the unfavourable impression which they had produced, he proceeds to detail the qualifications, duties, and conduct of a perfect provincial ruler. Quintus returned home in B. C. 58, soon after his brother had gone into exile, and on h
Clau'dius 34. App. Claudius Pulcher, son of No. 28, was made consul in B. C. 79, though he had been an unsuccessful candidate for the curule aedileship. (Cic. pro Planc. 21; Appian, App. BC 1.103.) He was afterwards governor of Macedonia, and engaged in contests with the neighbouring barbarians. He died in his province, before 76, when he was succeeded by C. Scribonius Curio. (Liv. Epit. 91; Flor. 3.4; Oros. 5.23.)
d on one occasion, when the emperor Vespasian during a journey met him, Demetrius did not shew the slightest symptom of respect. Vespasian was indulgent enough to take no other vengeance except by calling him a dog. (Senec. de Benef. 7.1, 8; Suet. Vespas. 13; D. C. 66.13; Tac. Ann. 16.34, Hist. 4.40; Lucian, de Saltat. 63.) Deme'trius SYNCELLUS. 36. SYNCELLUS. See No. 17. Deme'trius 37. A SYRIAN, a Greek rhetorician, who lectured on rhetoric at Athens. Cicero, during his stay there in B. C. 79, was a very diligent pupil of his. (Cic. Brut. 91.) Deme'trius 38. Of TARSUS, a poet who wrote Satyric dramas. (D. L. 5.85.) The name *Tarsiko/s, which Diogenes applies to him, is believed by Casaubon (de Satyr. Poes. p. 153, &c. ed. Ramshorn) to refer to a peculiar kind of poetry rather than to the native place of Demetrius. Another Demetrius of Tarsus is introduced as a speaker in Plutarch's work " de Oraculorum Defectu," where he is described as returning home from Britain, but nothin
Deme'trius 37. A SYRIAN, a Greek rhetorician, who lectured on rhetoric at Athens. Cicero, during his stay there in B. C. 79, was a very diligent pupil of his. (Cic. Brut. 91.)
Diony'sius 31. Of MAGNESIA, a distinguished rhetorician, who taught his art in Asia between the years B. C. 79 and 77, at the time when Cicero, then in his 29th year, visited the east. Cicero on his excursions in Asia was accompanied by Dionysius, Aeschylus of Cnidus, and Xenocles of Adramyttium, who were then the most eminent rhetoricians in Asia. (Cic. Brut. 91; Plut. Cic. 4.)
was the author of an amendment on the law of L. Valerius Flaccus, consul in the same year. [ L. VALERIUS FLACCUS, No. 11.] The Valerian law had cancelled debts by decreeing that only a quadrans should be paid to the creditor. The amendment of Hirtuleius, by tripling the dividend to be paid, rendered the law almost nugatory. (Cic. Font. 1.) It is doubtful whether this Hirtuleius were the same with the quaestor and legatus of Sertorius in Spain (Plut. Sert. 12; Frontin. Strat. 1.5.8), who in B. C. 79, on the banks of the Anas, defeated L. Domitius Ahenobarbus [AHENOBARBUS, No. 15], ---- Therius, legatus of Q. Metellus Pius, and L. Manilius, praetor of Narbonne, in the neighbourhood of Lerida. But early in the following spring Hirtuleius was himself routed and slain near Italica in Baetica by Metellus. Hirtuleius was so highly esteemed as an officer by Sertorius, that the latter is said to have stabbed the messenger who brought the news of his death, that the report of it might not disco
f Verres. (Cic. in Verr. 3.91.) In the civil wars between Marius and Sulla he belonged at first to the party of the latter, and acquired considerable property by the purchase of confiscated estates; but he was afterwards seized with the ambition of becoming a leader of the popular party, to which post he might perhaps consider himself as in some degree entitled, by having married Appuleia, the daughter of the celebrated tribune Appuleius Saturninus. He accordingly sued for the consulship in B. C. 79, in opposition to Sulla; but the latter, who had resigned his dictatorship in this year, felt that his power was too well established to be shaken by any thing that Lepidus could do, and accordingly made no efforts to oppose his election. Pompey, moreover, whose vanity was inflamed by the desire of returning a candidate against the wishes of the all-powerful Sulla, exerted himself warmly to secure the election of Lepidus, and not only succeeded, but brought him in by more votes than his col
he appears to have held that office under Sulla, as he was afterwards brought to trial by C. Memmius for illegal acts committed by him in that capacity by the command of the latter (Plut. Luc. 37). the civil war which followed the return of Sulla to Italy, we find M. Lucullus employed by that general as one of his lieutenants, and in B. C. 82 he gained a brilliant victory over a detachment of the forces of Carbo, near the town of Fidentia (Plut. Sull. 27; Vell. 2.28; Appian, Civ. 1.92). In B. C. 79 he held the office of curule aedile, together with his brother Lucius (Plut. Luc. 1; see above, No. 4). Two years later (B. C. 77) he obtained the praetorship, in which he distinguished himself greatly by the impartiality with which he administered justice, and by his efforts to check the lawless habits which had grown up during the late civil wars (Cic. pro M. Tullio, ยง 8, ed. Orell.). In B. C. 73 he succeeded his brother in the consulship, with C. Cassius Varus as his colleague (Cic. pro
Mani'lius 6. L. Manilius, praetor probably in B. C. 79, had the government of Narbonese Gaul, with the title of proconsul, in B. C. 78. In the latter year he crossed over into Spain, with three legions and 1500 horse, to assist Metellus in the war against Sertorius; but he was defeated by Hirtuleius, one of the generals of Sertorius, lost his camp and baggage, and escaped almost alone into the town of Ilerda. (Oros. 5.22; Liv. Epit. 90; Plut. Sert. 12.)
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