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Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 2., Chapter 5: military and naval operations on the coast of South Carolina.--military operations on the line of the Potomac River. (search)
a traitor, I am a traitor, and we are all traitors. While holding Washington last year, he was my right hand, and I do not hesitate to say that I could not have held the place without him. When, late in 1860, General Stone, who had left the army (in which he held the commission of captain by brevet, awarded for meritorious services in Mexico). was in Washington City, General Scott desired him to rally around him the loyal men of the District of Columbia. He complied, and on the 1st of January, 1861, he was made Inspectorgeneral of the District. He at once commenced organizing and instructing volunteers, and when Fort Sumter was attacked he had under him no less than 3,000 well-organized troops fit for service. He was the first man mustered into the service for the defense of the Capital. That was done on the 2d day of January, 1861. He was in command of the troops in Washington during the dark days at the close of April, when that city was cut off from the loyal people. Dur
nobody says. This is extremely foolish, and more wicked than foolish. All sorts of business are going to wreck and ruin, because of the uncertainty of the future. No statesmanship has ever been exhibited yet, so far as we know, by those who will dissolve the Union. South Carolina considers it her policy to create a collision with the Federal authorities for the purpose of arousing the South from her slumber. Never was there a greater mistake. --Augusta (Ga.) Chronicls and Sentinel, January 1, 1861. Alabama was held back by a scruple on the part of her Governor, Andrew B. Moore, who declined to act decisively until the Presidential Electors in the several States had met, and a majority cast their votes for Lincoln. He issued his call on the 6th, and the election of delegates was held on the 24th of December. The Secessionists claimed a popular majority of 50,000 in the votes of the several counties; but when the Convention Assembled at Montgomery, January 7th. passed an O
en or eight months thereafter, two New York regiments of Blacks, raised by voluntary efforts mainly of the Loyal League, though discountenanced by Gov. Seymour, marched proudly down Broadway and embarked for the seat of War, amid the cheers of enthusiastic thousands, and without eliciting one discordant hiss. The use of negroes, both free and slave, for belligerent purposes, on the side of the Rebellion, dates from a period anterior to the outbreak of actual hostilities. So early as Jan. 1st, 1861, a dispatch from Mr. R. R. Riordan, at Charleston, to lion. Percy Walker, at Mobile, exultingly proclaimed that-- Large gangs of negroes from plantations are at work on the redoubts, which are substantially made of sand-bags and coated with sleet-iron. A Washington dispatch to The Evening Post (New York), about this time, set forth that-- A gentleman from Charleston says that everything there betokens active preparations for fight. Tile thousand negroes busy in building batte
William F. Fox, Lt. Col. U. S. V., Regimental Losses in the American Civil War, 1861-1865: A Treatise on the extent and nature of the mortuary losses in the Union regiments, with full and exhaustive statistics compiled from the official records on file in the state military bureaus and at Washington, Chapter 13: aggregate of deaths in the Union Armies by States--total enlistment by States--percentages of military population furnished, and percentages of loss — strength of the Army at various dates casualties in the Navy. (search)
070 249,458 359,528 2,143,855 5.1 11.6 16.7 The report of the Provost-Marshal-General shows the combined strength of the Union Armies, at different periods before and during the war, to have been: Date. Present. Absent. Aggregate. Jan. 1, 1861 14,663 1,704 Regular Army.16,367 July 1, 1861 183,588 3,163 186,751 Jan. 1, 1862 527,204 48,713 575,917 Mch. 31, 1862 533,984 103,142 637,126 Jan. 1, 1863 698,802 219,389 918,191 Jan. 1, 1864 611,250 249,487 860,737 Mch.e figures given. At no time during the period of active hostilities did the Regular Army number, present and absent, over 26,000 officers and men. Its actual strength at various dates was as follows: Date. Present. Absent. Aggregate. January 1, 1861 14,663 1,704 16,367 July 1, 1861 14,108 2,314 16,422 January 1, 1862 19,871 2,554 22,425 March 31, 1862 19,585 3,723 23,308 January 1, 1863 19,169 6,294 25,463 January 1, 1864 17,237 7,399 24,636 January 1, 1865 14,661 7,35
ide Castle Pinckney, Charleston Harbor, August, 1861.--In these hitherto unpublished Confederate photographs we see one of the earliest volunteer military organizations of South Carolina and some of the first Federal prisoners taken in the war. The Charleston Zouave Cadets were organized in the summer of 1860, and were recruited from among the patriotic young men of Charleston. We see in the picture how very young they were. The company first went into active service on Morris Island, January 1, 1861, and was there on the 9th when the guns of the battery turned back the Star of the West arriving with reinforcements for Sumter. The company was also stationed on sulivan's Island during the bombardment of Sumter, April 12-13, 1861. After the first fateful clash at Bull Run, July 21, 1861, had taught the North that the war was on in earnest, a number of Federal prisoners were brought to Charleston and placed for safekeeping in Castle Pinckney, then garrisoned by the Charleston Zouave
position in the harbor. This movement changed the whole aspect of affairs. It was considered by the government and people of South Carolina as a violation of the implied pledge of a maintenance of the status quo; the remaining forts and other public property were at once taken possession of by the state; the condition of public feeling became greatly exacerbated. An interview between the President and the commissioners was followed by a sharp correspondence, which was terminated on January 1, 1861, by the return to the commissioners of their final communication, with an endorsement stating that it was of such a character that the President declined to receive it. The negotiations were thus abruptly broken off. This correspondence may be found in the Appendix. See Appendix G. In the meantime Cass, Secretary of State, had resigned his position early in December, on the ground of the refusal of the President to send reinforcements to Charleston. On the occupation of Fort Sum
mter, as a portion of the public property of the United States, against hostile attacks from whatever quarter they may come, by such means as I may possess for this purpose, I do not perceive how such a defense can be construed into a menace against the city of Charleston. With great personal regard, I remain Yours, very respectfully, James Buchanan. To Honorable Robert W. Barnwell, James H. Adams, James L. Orr. reply of the commissioners to the President Washington, D. C., January 1, 1861. Sir: We have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your letter of the 30th December, in reply to a note addressed by us to you on the 28th of the same month, as commissioners from South Carolina. In reference to the declaration with which your reply commences, that your position as President of the United States was clearly defined in the message to Congress of the 3d instant, that you possess no power to change the relations heretofore existing between South Carolina and the U
after first call, had not been called upon for quotas when general call for troops was made182,357 By special authority granted May and June, 1862, New York, Illinois, and Indiana furnished for three months15,007   Total2,772,408 Number of men who paid commutation86,724   Grand total2,859,132   Aggregate reduced to a three years standard2,320,272 actual strength of the army between Jan. 1, 1860, and May 1, 1865. Date.Regulars.Volunteers.Total. Jan. 1, 186016,435-----16,435 Jan. 1, 186116,367-----16,367 July 1, 186116,422170,329186,751 Jan. 1, 186222,425553,492575,917 March 31, 186223,308613,818637,126 Jan. 1, 186325,463892,728918,191 Jan. 1, 186424,636836,101860,737 Jan. 1, 186522,019937,441959,460 March 31, 186521,669958,417980,086 May 1, 1865  1,000,516 Disbanding of the Union armies. The soldiers of the great armies that confronted Lee and Johnston in Virginia and North Carolina, and conquered them, were marched to the vicinity of the national capital,
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Debtors. (search)
maturity. Dollars. Funded loan of 1891, continued at 2 per cent., called for redemption May 18, 1900; interest ceased Aug. 18, 1900.624,850.00 Funded loan of 1891, matured Sept. 2, 1891.71,550.00 Old debt matured at various dates prior to Jan. 1, 1861, and other items of debt matured at various dates subsequent to Jan. 1, 1861.1,073,740.26 ———— Aggregate of debt on which interest has ceased since maturity.1,770,140.26 Bonds issued to Pacific railroads matured but not yet presented: UnionJan. 1, 1861.1,073,740.26 ———— Aggregate of debt on which interest has ceased since maturity.1,770,140.26 Bonds issued to Pacific railroads matured but not yet presented: Union Pacific, $12,000; Kansas Pacific, $1,000; total13,000.00 Debt bearing no interest. Dollars. United States notes.Feb. 25, 1862; July 11, 1862; Mar. 3, 1863.346,681,016.00 Old demand notes.July 17, 1861; Feb. 12, 1862.53,847.50 National-bank notes: Redemption account.July 14, 1890.28,703,554.50 Fractional currency.July 17, 1862; March 3, 1863; June 30, 1864, less $8,375,934, estimated as lost or destroyed, act of June 21, 1879.6,877,462.41 ———— Aggregate of debt bearin
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Maryland, State of. (search)
early in 1861, to seize the national capital, to have the authorities of the State of Maryland in accord with the movement. Emissaries and commissioners from the cotton-growing States were early within its borders plying their seductive arts; and they found in Baltimore so many sympathizers among leading citizens that, for a while, they felt sure of the co-operation of Maryland. In the governor, Thomas H. Hicks, however, they found a sturdy opponent of their schemes. It is said that on Jan. 1, 1861, there were no less than 12,000 men organized in that State, bound by solemn oaths to follow their leaders in seizing Washington, D. C. Against such an array, against the natural sympathy of bloodrelationship with the Southern people, and against the seeming self-interest of the holders of 700,000 slaves, valued at $50,000,000, which property might be imperilled, they thought, by alliance with the North, Governor Hicks manfully contended. He was supported by an eminently loyal people amo
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