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37. Of GADARA (*Qeo/dwros *Gadareu/s), an eminent rhetorician of the age of Augustus. His surname indicates his birth-place, Gadara, in the country east of the Jordan. (See also Strabo, Geogr. lib. xvi. p. 759, Casaub.)
He is said to have been originally a slave (Suidas).
He appears to have settled at Rhodes, where Tiberius, afterwards emperor, during his retirement (from B. C. 6 to A. D. 2) to that island, was one of his hearers. (Quintil. Instit. Orat. lib. iii. c. 1. §§ 17, 18; comp. Seneca, Suasoria, iii. sub fin.)
According to Suidas he was also settled at Rome, where he was the rival of Polemon and Antipater, the rhetoricians (Suidas, s.v. *Qeo/dwros *Gadareus). Whether his settlement at Rome preceded that at Rhodes is uncertain : it is likely that it did, and that Tiberius received instruction from him in rhetoric in his boyhood, as well as in maturer years, during his retreat at Rhodes.
By this supposition we may reconcile the statement given above from Quintilian