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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Sparks, Jared 1789- (search)
Sparks, Jared 1789- Historian; born in Willington, Conn., May 10, 1789; graduated at Harvard College in 1815, and was a tutor there from 1817 to 1819. He had passed his youth in mechanical pursuits, and during his college course taught for a while a small private school at Havre de Grace, Md. He was in the militia that opposed Cockburn and his marauders. At Cambridge he studied theology; became an editor of the North American review, and was sole proprietor and conductor of it from 1823 to 1830. He was a Unitarian minister at Baltimore from 1819 to 1823, and in 1821 was chaplain to the House of Representatives. In 1839 he was chosen Professor of History at Harvard, occupying the position ten years, and from 1849 to 1852 he was president of that institution. In 1857 Dr. Sparks made a tour in Europe with his family, and afterwards resided at Cambridge until his death, March 14, 1866. Dr. Sparks's earlier publications were mostly on theological subjects. In 1834 he began the pu
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Maryland, (search)
iles......Sept. 7, 1811 Gabriel Duval, of Maryland, appointed associate justice of the Supreme Court of the United States......Nov. 18, 1811 Printing-office of the Federal Republican, an anti-war paper in Baltimore, destroyed by a mob June 22, 1812. They attack the house of the editor, A. C. Hanson, which was garrisoned, break into the jail, whither some of the assailed had been taken, and in the riot General Lingan is killed and others left for dead......July 28, 1812 British Admiral Cockburn with four ships-of — the line and six frigates plunders and burns Frenchtown, Havre de Grace, Frederickstown, and Georgetown......March, 1813 Battle of Bladensburg, and capture of Washington by the British......Aug. 24, 1814 British advancing on Baltimore under General Ross are repulsed at North Point, General Ross is killed......Sept. 12, 1814 British fleet bombard Fort McHenry......Sept. 13, 1814 Francis S. Key, of Maryland, imprisoned on one of the British vessels, compos
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), War of 1812, (search)
rly gloomy. The government was without money or credit; the regular military force was decreasing; the war party were at variance, Great Britain refusing to treat on admissible terms; a victorious British army threatening the Northern frontier; Cockburn in possession of Cumberland Island, off the coast of Georgia; the Southern States threatened with servile insurrection; a formidable British armament preparing to invade the Gulf region; and the peace faction doing all in their power to embarrasor Alston and only child of Aaron Burr, is never heard of afterwards.] Action at Frenchtown, now Monroe, Mich......Jan. 18, 1813 Defeat and capture of General Winchester at the river Raisin, Mich......Jan. 22, 1813 British fleet, Vice-Admiral Cockburn, attempts to blockade the Atlantic coast......January et seq. 1813 Sloop-of-war Hornet captures and sinks British sloop Peacock near the mouth of the Demerara River, South America......Feb. 24, 1813 York (now Toronto), Upper Canada
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Washington, D. C. (search)
body within a mile and a half of the town, then containing about 900 buildings. The commanding general, accompanied by Cockburn, the marauder, entered the city at 8 P. M., accompanied by a guard of 200 men. From a house near the Capitol, they were soldiers. Then the same fate overtook the office of the National Intelligencer, whose strictures upon the brutality of Cockburn had excited his anger. These and some houses on Capitol Hill, a large ropewalk and a tavern, comprised the bulk of the repugnant to his humane nature. Fortunately for him, he was accompanied by one who delighted in such cruelties, and Admiral Cockburn became, literally, his torchbearer. The unfinished Capitol, the President's house (a mile distant), the treasury bud their best Remains of the President's House after the fire, 1814. writers denounced the act. Ross was urged to it by Cockburn, who declared that it was the wish of Sir George Prevost, governor of Canada, that further retaliation for the burning o
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