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Chapter 10: Campaign in Maryland battle of South Mountain battle of Antietam The campaign of General Pope in Virginia was closed with the disastrous battle of August 30, 1862, fought on the ill-omened field of Bull Run, and with that of Chantilly, two days after, in which our success was dearly bought by the loss of two of the best officers in the service, General Stevens and General Kearney. On the 1st of September General McClellan went into Washington, where he had an interview with General Halleck, who instructed him verbally to take command of the defences of the place, with authority expressly limited to the works and their garrisons, and not extending to the troops in front under General Pope. On the same day General McClellan waited upon the President of the United States, at the house of General Halleck, and in obedience to a message from him. He was then and there told by the President that he had reason to believe that the Army of the Potomac was not ch
speeches, not as a politician, but as a soldier. I came among you to seek quiet and repose, and from the moment I came among you I have received nothing but kindness; and, although I came among you a stranger, I am well acquainted with your history. From the time I took command, your gallant sons were with me, from the siege of Yorktown to the battle of Antietam. I was with them, and witnessed their bravery, and that of the ever-faithful and ever-true Taylor and the intrepid and dashing Kearney. One word more. While the army is fighting, you, as citizens, should see that the war is prosecuted for the preservation of the Union and the Constitution, for your nationality and rights as citizens. Since the time of his removal from the command of the Army of the Potomac, General McClellan has not had any military duties assigned to him, but has been living, unemployed, the life of a private citizen. At this moment of writing (July, 1864), he resides at Orange, in the State of New
Territory, otherwise than in punishment of crimes, whereof the party shall have been duly convicted; provided always, that any person escaping into the same from whom labor or service is lawfully claimed in any one of the original States, such fugitive may be lawfully reclaimed, and conveyed to the person claiming his or her labor, or service, as aforesaid. On passing the above Ordinance, the Yeas and Nays being required by Mr. Yates, they were taken, with the following result: Massachusetts Mr. Holton ay, Ay.   Mr. Dane ay, New York Mr. Smith ay, Ay.   Mr. Haring ay,   Mr. Yates no, New Jersey Mr. Clarke ay, Ay.   Mr. Sherman ay, Delaware Mr. Kearney ay, Ay.   Mr. Mitchell ay, Virginia Mr. Grayson ay, Ay.   Mr. R. H. Lee ay,   Mr. Carrington ay, North Carolina Mr. Blount ay, Ay.   Mr. Hawkins ay, South Carolina Mr. Kean ay, Ay.   Mr. Huger ay, Georgia Mr. Few ay, Ay.   Mr. Pierce ay, Journal of Congress, vol. IV
General Joseph E. Johnston, Narrative of Military Operations During the Civil War, Chapter 5 (search)
st leaving the wood and entering the open ground when I first saw it. Here Colston's brigade joined the Confederate, and Kearney's division the Federal troops engaged. But in the open ground the Confederates were more rapidly successful than in theeft in the road where we found them. Longstreet reported nine thousand men of his division engaged with Hooker's and Kearney's divisions on the right. General Sumner, the ranking Federal officer on the field, stated that two-thirds of Smith's dps, united in this second position, was assailed with such spirit by the Confederate troops that, although reenforced by Kearney's division of Heintzelman's corps, it was broken, divided, and driven from its ground — the greater part along the Willawal of the Confederates to their camps on Monday, although his statement shows clearly that all his troops and Keyes's Kearney's division; Hooker's was not engaged. that fought there were defeated, and driven back six or seven miles to the shelter
, for the purpose of placing the State in a condition to enable you to suppress insurrection or repel invasion. 2. To send an agent to the Governor of Louisiana, (or further, if necessary,) to ascertain if mortars and siege guns could be obtained from Baton Rouge, or other points. 3. To send an agent to Liberty, to see what is there, and to put the people of that vicinity on their guard, to prevent its being garrisoned, as several United States troops will be at Fort Leavenworth, from Kearney, in ten or fifteen days from this time. 4. Publish a proclamation to the people of the State, warning them that the President has acted illegally in calling out troops, thus arrogating to himself the war-making power; that he has illegally ordered the secret issue of the public arms (to the number of 5,000) to societies in the State, who have declared their intention to resist the constituted authorities, whenever these authorities may adopt a course distasteful to them; and that they ar
William Tecumseh Sherman, Memoirs of General William T. Sherman ., volume 1, Chapter 1: early recollections of California. 1846-1848. (search)
ed up from San Diego to Los Angeles, with General Kearney, his dragoons, and a battalion of sailorsging signals, which were interpreted that General Kearney was on board. As the Cyane approached, ao carry the usual messages, and to invite General Kearney to come on board the Independence as the e controlling power on the Pacific coast. General Kearney had dispatched from San Diego his quarterer back to Pryor's, where I left him with General Kearney. We spent several days very pleasantly ar inclosure. At the time of our visit, General Kearney was making his preparations to return oveany occupied the barracks. Shortly after General Kearney had gone East, we found an order of his olde, the then incumbent (Nash) utterly denied Kearney's right to remove him, because he had been elbeen near where Sacramento Street now crosses Kearney. Folsom was a classmate of mine, had come ous burnt up and dry as an ashheap. When General Kearney first departed we took his office at Lark[26 more...]
owerless. ”He was captured, and for three months lay in a mangled condition in a tobacco warehouse in Richmond, without proper surgical treatment. He was breveted a lieutenant by his Colonel for his bravery, and is now filling a small clerkship. I beg of you to appoint him in the regular service. But where could I put him if I were to? said Mr. Stanton. The Judge was about to reply when the young man raised his arm and said with an imploring look: See, I have a right arm still, and Gen. Kearney has only his left; send me into the line where there is fighting to be done! I have letters from-- he tried to draw a bundle of letters from his pocket. Mr. Stanton stopped him. Put up your letters, sir; you have spoken for yourself. Your wish shall be granted. The country cannot afford to neglect such men as you! Ere the soldier could thank him for his kindness, his case was noted. He turned to leave, and remarked to the Judge as they left: I shall be proud of my commission, for I
e enemy had not retired from the camps on our left, and, as I went down the road, I was leaving Kearney's division behind me. I was informed there was a road, called the New road, running along the edge of White Oak Swamp, and that Kearney's division was on the other side of the swamp. A boy, who had been over the swamp on a message, and prisoners captured, gave me this information. I ordered ed cautiously, captured many prisoners, and killed some cavalry scouts, one bearing an order to Kearney to retire, and keep a strong battery of artillery with his rear guard. After passing Fisher's the enemy were conducted by General McClellan in person, and the troops engaged embraced all of Kearney's division and a part of Hooker's, numbering in all not less than eight or ten thousand. To opNew road, near Hobson's house. Here I learned that the enemy, in considerable force, under General Kearney, late the evening before, had passed down the road toward the north fork of White Oak Swamp
The brigades of Gregg, Thomas, and Pender were then thrown into the fight. Soon a portion of Ewell's division became engaged. The conflict now raged with great fury, the enemy obstinately and desperately contesting the ground until their Generals Kearney and Stephens fell in front of Thomas's brigade, after which they retired from the field. By the following morning the Federal army had entirely disappeared from our view, and it soon appeared, by a report from General Stuart, that it had es gallantly engaged the enemy, Branch being exposed to a very heavy fire in front and in his flank. Gregg, Pender, Thomas, and Archer were successively thrown in. The enemy obstinately contested the ground, and it was not until the Federal Generals Kearney and Stevens had fallen in front of Thomas's brigade, that they were driven from the ground. They did not, however, retire far, until later during the night, when they entirely disappeared. The brunt of this fight was borne by Branch, Gregg
s. This was Fair Oaks Farm. Where the Nine Mile road crossed the railroad was Fair Oaks Station. Southeast of Seven Pines was White Oak Swamp. Casey's division of Keyes' corps was stationed at Fair Oaks Farm. A fifth of a mile in front lay his picket line, extending crescent shape, from the swamp to the Chickahominy. Couch's division of the same corps was at Seven Pines, with his right wing extending along the Nine Mile road to Fair Oaks Station. Heintzelman's corps lay to the rear; Kearney's division guarded the railroad at Savage's Station and Hooker's the approaches to the White Oak Swamp. This formed three lines of defense. It was a well-wooded region and at this time was in many places no more than a bog. No sooner had these positions been taken, than trees were cut to form abatis, rifle-pits were hastily dug, and redoubts for placing artillery were constructed. The picket line lay along a dense growth of woods. Through an opening in the trees, the Confederate army co
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