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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Jay, John 1817-1894 (search)
of pamphlets, among them are The dignity of the abolition cause; The American Church and the American slave-trade; The Great conspiracy and England's neutrality; Caste and slavery in the American Church; America free, or America slave, etc. He died in New York City, May 5, 1894. Statesman; born in New York City, Dec. 12, 1745; was of Huguenot descent. Graduated at King's College (now Columbia University) in 1764, he was admitted to the bar in 1768, and formed a partnership with Robert R. Livingston. In 1774 he was a delegate in the first Continental Congress, and the same year he married a daughter of William Livingston, of New Jersey. In that Congress, though the youngest member but one, he took a conspicuous part, being the author of the Address to the people of Great Britain. His facile pen was often employed in framing documents in the Congress of 1775. Early in 1776 he left Congress and engaged in the public affairs of his own State, being a leading member of the Provin
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Livingston, Robert R. 1747-1813 (search)
Livingston, Robert R. 1747-1813 Statesman; born in New York City, Nov. 27, 1747; graduated at King's College in 1765; practised law successfully in New York, and was made recorder of the city in 1773. Of this office he was deprived early in 1775, because of his espousal of the patriot cause. He was elected to the Continental was appointed chancellor, and held that post until 1801. In 1780 he was again a member of Congress, and was secretary for foreign affairs from 1781 to 1783. Mr. Livingston was a member of the convention of New York which adopted the national Constitution, and voted for it. Minister plenipotentiary to France, from 1801 to 1804, hConstitution, and voted for it. Minister plenipotentiary to France, from 1801 to 1804, he secured the secession of Louisiana (q. v.) to the United States. He was the coadjutor of Fulton in per- Robert R. Livingston. fecting the system of steam navigation. He died in Clermont, N. Y., Feb. 26, 1813. See steamboat, invention of.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Louisiana, (search)
. In less than a fortnight after the beginning of negotiations in France, a treaty was signed (April 30, 1803) by Robert R. Livingston and James Monroe on the part of the United States, and Barbs Marbois on the part of France, by which the United St domain, containing a mixed free population of 85,000 white people and 40,000 negro slaves, for the sum of $15,000,000. Livingston and Marbois had been personal acquaintances for about a quarter of a century. We have lived long, said Livingston to MLivingston to Marbois, as he arose after signing the treaty, but this is the noblest work of our whole lives. The treaty which we have just signed has not been obtained by art or force; equally advantageous to the two contracting parties, it will change vast sol repelling invasion. They appointed a committee of safety, composed of distinguished citizens of New Orleans, of which Livingston was chairman. Governor Claiborne, who also believed Lafitte's story, sent copies of the British papers to Jackson, the
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Montgomery, Richard 1736- (search)
e Champlain, in 1759. Montgomery became adjutant of his regiment in 1760, and was under Colonel Haviland in his march upon Montreal when that city was surrendered. In 1762, Montgomery was promoted to captain, and served in the campaign against Havana in the same year. After that he resided in this country awhile, but revisited England. In 1772 he sold his commission and came to America, and the following year he bought an estate at Rhinebeck, on the Hudson, and married a daughter of R. R. Livingston. He was chosen representative in the Colonial Assembly, and was a member of the Provincial Convention in 1775. In June following he was appointed by the Continental Congress one of the eight brigadier-generals for the Continental army. Appointed second in command, under Schuyler, in the Northern Department, he became acting commanderin-chief because of his superior's protracted illness. He entered Canada early in September, with a considerable army, captured St. John, on the Sorel
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), New York, State of (search)
more than a month, and was finally adopted April 20, 1777. Under it a State government was established by an ordinance passed in May, and the first session of the legislature was held in July. Meanwhile, elections were held in all the counties excepting New York, Kings, Queens, and Suffolk, then held by the British troops. Brig.-Gen. George Clinton was elected governor, and Pierre Van Cortlandt, president of the Senate, became lieutenant-governor. John Jay was made chiefjustice, Robert R. Livingston, chancellor, and Philip Livingston, James Duane, Francis Lewis, and Gouverneur Morris, delegates to the Continental Congress. By the provisions of the constitution, the governor was to be elected by the people for the term of three years, the legislative department, vested in a Senate and Assembly, deriving their powers from the The Constitution House, Kingston. same source; all inferior offices to be filled by the governor and a council of four senators, one from each district; an
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Palmer, Erastus 1817- (search)
Palmer, Erastus 1817- Dow, sculptor; born in Pompey, Onondaga co., N. Y., April 2, 1817. Until he was twenty-nine years of age he was a carpenter, when he began cameo-cutting for jewelry, which was then fashionable. This business injured his eyesight, and he attempted sculpture, at which he succeeded at the age of thirty-five. His first work in marble was an ideal bust of the infant Ceres, which was exhibited at the Academy of Design, New York. It was followed by two exquisite bas-reliefs representing the morning and evening star. Mr. Palmer's works in bas-relief and statuary are highly esteemed. He produced more than 100 works in marble. His Angel of the resurrection, at the entrance to the Rural Cemetery at Albany, and The White captive, in the Metropolitan Museum, New York City, command the highest admiration. He went to Europe for the first time in 1873, and in 1873-74 completed a statue of Robert R. Livingston for the national Capitol.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Revolutionary War, (search)
France to secure a loanDec., 1780 Pennsylvania troops break camp at Morristown, Jan. 1, demanding back pay. Congress appoints a commission, which accedes to their demandJan. 1, 1781 Benedict Arnold plunders Richmond, Va. Jan. 5-6, 1781 Robert R. Livingston appointed secretary of foreign affairs by CongressJan., 1781 Battle of Cowpens, S. C.; American victory Jan. 17, 1781 Mutiny of New Jersey troops quelled by Gen. Robert Howe Jan. 23-27, 1781 Young's house, near White Plains, surprised bppointed to represent the cause of Vermont in the Continental Congress June 22, 1781 General Lafayette attacks Cornwallis, near Green Springs, Va., and is repulsed July 6, 1781 Cornwallis retires with his army to Yorktown Aug. 4, 1781 R. R. Livingston appointed secretary of foreign affairs by Congress Aug., 1781 Congress requires Vermont to relinquish territory east of the Connecticut and west of the present New York line before admission as a StateAug. 20, 1781 Combined armies of Ameri
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Stamp act Congress, the (search)
ion. It was organized by the choice of Timothy Ruggles, of Massachusetts, chairman, and John Cotten, clerk. The following representatives presented their credentials: Massachusetts—James Otis, Oliver Partridge, Timothy Ruggles. New York—Robert R. Livingston, John Cruger, Philip Livingston, William Bayard, Leonard Lispenard. New Jersey—Robert Ogden, Hendrick Fisher, Joseph Borden. Rhode Island—Metcalf Bowler, Henry Ward. Pennsylvania—John Dickinson, John Morton, George Bryan. Delaware— Thohomas Ringgold. South Carolina—Thomas Lynch, Christopher Gadsden, John Rutledge. The Congress continued in session fourteen consecutive days, and adopted a Declaration of rights, written by John Cruger, a Petition to the King, written by Robert R. Livingston, and a Memorial to both Houses of Parliament, written by James Otis. In all these the principles which governed the leaders in the Revolutionary War soon afterwards were conspicuous. The proceedings were signed by all the delegate
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Steam navigation. (search)
inter, had conceived a plan for steamboat navigation while an inmate of Joel Barlow's residence in Paris. He met Chancellor Livingston in Paris, and interested that gentleman in his projects. He tried two experiments on the Seine in 1803. Fulton With these facts in his possession, Fulton planned, and, on his return to New York in 1806, built, in conjunction with Livingston, a steamboat, which he called the Clermont, the title of the latter's country seat on the manor. The vessel was 130 fe Provisions, good berths, and accommodations are provided. Before the breaking out of the War of 1812-15 Fulton and Livingston had caused six steamboats to be built for navigating the Hudson and for ferrying at New York. Steam navigation was sooWilliam Symington, and tried on the Forth and Clyde Canal, ScotlandMarch, 1802 Robert Fulton, in connection with Chancellor Livingston, United States ambassador in Paris, builds a steam paddle-boat, 60 feet long, which is tried on the SeineAug. 9,
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Steamboats, Hudson River (search)
propelling of boats, in a letter from Chancellor Livingston to the editors of the American Medical elapsed since the first boat was built by Mr. Livingston and Mr. Fulton, ten vessels are now in opeFrance (whose name I have forgotten), when Mr. Livingston and Mr. Fulton were building their experim-paddles. After the experiments made by Mr. Livingston and Mr. Fulton at Paris, a boat was built piness to succeed in the enterprise. Robert R. Livingston, Esq., when minister in France, met witgement, that they made a new contract with Mr. Livingston and Mr. Fulton, by which they extended thef a variety of experiments made by him and Mr. Livingston for that purpose, at Paris, about that perr address and industry the rights granted to Livingston and Fulton, and which I hope every upright arly known, how is it that Mr. Stevens, Chancellor Livingston, Mr. Rumsey, Mr. Fitch, Lord Stanhope,, and arrived at Clermont, the seat of Chancellor Livingston, at one o'clock on Tuesday: time, twen[3 more...]
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