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Browsing named entities in Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing). You can also browse the collection for Robert R. Livingston or search for Robert R. Livingston in all documents.

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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Montgomery, Richard 1736- (search)
e Champlain, in 1759. Montgomery became adjutant of his regiment in 1760, and was under Colonel Haviland in his march upon Montreal when that city was surrendered. In 1762, Montgomery was promoted to captain, and served in the campaign against Havana in the same year. After that he resided in this country awhile, but revisited England. In 1772 he sold his commission and came to America, and the following year he bought an estate at Rhinebeck, on the Hudson, and married a daughter of R. R. Livingston. He was chosen representative in the Colonial Assembly, and was a member of the Provincial Convention in 1775. In June following he was appointed by the Continental Congress one of the eight brigadier-generals for the Continental army. Appointed second in command, under Schuyler, in the Northern Department, he became acting commanderin-chief because of his superior's protracted illness. He entered Canada early in September, with a considerable army, captured St. John, on the Sorel
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), New York, State of (search)
more than a month, and was finally adopted April 20, 1777. Under it a State government was established by an ordinance passed in May, and the first session of the legislature was held in July. Meanwhile, elections were held in all the counties excepting New York, Kings, Queens, and Suffolk, then held by the British troops. Brig.-Gen. George Clinton was elected governor, and Pierre Van Cortlandt, president of the Senate, became lieutenant-governor. John Jay was made chiefjustice, Robert R. Livingston, chancellor, and Philip Livingston, James Duane, Francis Lewis, and Gouverneur Morris, delegates to the Continental Congress. By the provisions of the constitution, the governor was to be elected by the people for the term of three years, the legislative department, vested in a Senate and Assembly, deriving their powers from the The Constitution House, Kingston. same source; all inferior offices to be filled by the governor and a council of four senators, one from each district; an
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Palmer, Erastus 1817- (search)
Palmer, Erastus 1817- Dow, sculptor; born in Pompey, Onondaga co., N. Y., April 2, 1817. Until he was twenty-nine years of age he was a carpenter, when he began cameo-cutting for jewelry, which was then fashionable. This business injured his eyesight, and he attempted sculpture, at which he succeeded at the age of thirty-five. His first work in marble was an ideal bust of the infant Ceres, which was exhibited at the Academy of Design, New York. It was followed by two exquisite bas-reliefs representing the morning and evening star. Mr. Palmer's works in bas-relief and statuary are highly esteemed. He produced more than 100 works in marble. His Angel of the resurrection, at the entrance to the Rural Cemetery at Albany, and The White captive, in the Metropolitan Museum, New York City, command the highest admiration. He went to Europe for the first time in 1873, and in 1873-74 completed a statue of Robert R. Livingston for the national Capitol.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Revolutionary War, (search)
France to secure a loanDec., 1780 Pennsylvania troops break camp at Morristown, Jan. 1, demanding back pay. Congress appoints a commission, which accedes to their demandJan. 1, 1781 Benedict Arnold plunders Richmond, Va. Jan. 5-6, 1781 Robert R. Livingston appointed secretary of foreign affairs by CongressJan., 1781 Battle of Cowpens, S. C.; American victory Jan. 17, 1781 Mutiny of New Jersey troops quelled by Gen. Robert Howe Jan. 23-27, 1781 Young's house, near White Plains, surprised bppointed to represent the cause of Vermont in the Continental Congress June 22, 1781 General Lafayette attacks Cornwallis, near Green Springs, Va., and is repulsed July 6, 1781 Cornwallis retires with his army to Yorktown Aug. 4, 1781 R. R. Livingston appointed secretary of foreign affairs by Congress Aug., 1781 Congress requires Vermont to relinquish territory east of the Connecticut and west of the present New York line before admission as a StateAug. 20, 1781 Combined armies of Ameri
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Stamp act Congress, the (search)
ion. It was organized by the choice of Timothy Ruggles, of Massachusetts, chairman, and John Cotten, clerk. The following representatives presented their credentials: Massachusetts—James Otis, Oliver Partridge, Timothy Ruggles. New York—Robert R. Livingston, John Cruger, Philip Livingston, William Bayard, Leonard Lispenard. New Jersey—Robert Ogden, Hendrick Fisher, Joseph Borden. Rhode Island—Metcalf Bowler, Henry Ward. Pennsylvania—John Dickinson, John Morton, George Bryan. Delaware— Thohomas Ringgold. South Carolina—Thomas Lynch, Christopher Gadsden, John Rutledge. The Congress continued in session fourteen consecutive days, and adopted a Declaration of rights, written by John Cruger, a Petition to the King, written by Robert R. Livingston, and a Memorial to both Houses of Parliament, written by James Otis. In all these the principles which governed the leaders in the Revolutionary War soon afterwards were conspicuous. The proceedings were signed by all the delegate
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Steam navigation. (search)
inter, had conceived a plan for steamboat navigation while an inmate of Joel Barlow's residence in Paris. He met Chancellor Livingston in Paris, and interested that gentleman in his projects. He tried two experiments on the Seine in 1803. Fulton With these facts in his possession, Fulton planned, and, on his return to New York in 1806, built, in conjunction with Livingston, a steamboat, which he called the Clermont, the title of the latter's country seat on the manor. The vessel was 130 fe Provisions, good berths, and accommodations are provided. Before the breaking out of the War of 1812-15 Fulton and Livingston had caused six steamboats to be built for navigating the Hudson and for ferrying at New York. Steam navigation was sooWilliam Symington, and tried on the Forth and Clyde Canal, ScotlandMarch, 1802 Robert Fulton, in connection with Chancellor Livingston, United States ambassador in Paris, builds a steam paddle-boat, 60 feet long, which is tried on the SeineAug. 9,
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Steamboats, Hudson River (search)
propelling of boats, in a letter from Chancellor Livingston to the editors of the American Medical elapsed since the first boat was built by Mr. Livingston and Mr. Fulton, ten vessels are now in opeFrance (whose name I have forgotten), when Mr. Livingston and Mr. Fulton were building their experim-paddles. After the experiments made by Mr. Livingston and Mr. Fulton at Paris, a boat was built piness to succeed in the enterprise. Robert R. Livingston, Esq., when minister in France, met witgement, that they made a new contract with Mr. Livingston and Mr. Fulton, by which they extended thef a variety of experiments made by him and Mr. Livingston for that purpose, at Paris, about that perr address and industry the rights granted to Livingston and Fulton, and which I hope every upright arly known, how is it that Mr. Stevens, Chancellor Livingston, Mr. Rumsey, Mr. Fitch, Lord Stanhope,, and arrived at Clermont, the seat of Chancellor Livingston, at one o'clock on Tuesday: time, twen[3 more...]
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Stevens, John 1749-1838 (search)
sity) in 1768; and studied law, but never practised. Seeing John Fitch's steamboat on the Collect in New York in 1787, he became interested in the subject of steamboat navigation, and experimented for nearly thirty years. He unsuccessfully petitioned the legislature of New York for the exclusive navigation of the waters of the State. He built a propeller in 1804—a small open boat worked by steam. It was so successful that he built the Phoenix, a steamboat completed soon after Fulton and Livingston had set the Clermont afloat. The latter having obtained the exclusive right to navigate the waters of New York, Stevens placed his boats on the Delaware and Connecticut rivers. In 1812 he published a pamphlet urging the United States government to make experiments in railways traversed by carriages propelled by steam, and proposed the construction of a railway for such a purpose from Albany to Lake Erie. This was nearly a quarter of a century before such a work was accomplished. He die
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Stock-raising. (search)
population. We had, also, about 1,800,000 mules and asses. Sheep husbandry is a large and profitable industry. There were fully 36,000,000 sheep in the United States, and they have increased largely in recent years. The fleece that commanded the highest premium at the world's fair in London in 1851 was grown among the hills of Tennessee. Early in the nineteenth century some efforts were made to improve the breed of swine in the United States. Soon after his return from Europe, Chancellor Livingston imported some and bred from them. There was much opposition at first among the farmers to this innovation; but the palpable superiority of the imported to the native swine was so apparent that the prejudice was soon overcome, and there began to be an improvement in the appearance of swine in many parts of the country. In 1880 the whole number of swine in the Union was 47,681,700. In 1900 there were in the United States 13,537,524 horses, valued at $603,969,442; 2,086,027 mules, va
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Tripoli, War with (search)
was astonished, and the little American squadron cruising in the Mediterranean made the Barbary States more circumspect. Recognizing the existence of war with Tripoli, the United States government ordered a squadron, under Commodore Richard V. Morris, to relieve Dale. the Chesapeake was the commodore's flag-ship. The vessels did not go in a body, but proceeded one after another, between February (1801) and September. Early in May, the Boston, after taking the United States minister (R. R. Livingston) to France, blockaded the port of Tripoli. There she was joined by the frigate Constellation, while the Essex blockaded two Tripolitan corsairs at Gibraltar. the Constellation, left alone, had a severe contest not long afterwards with seventeen Tripolitan gunboats and some land batteries, which were severely handled. Another naval expedition was sent to the Mediterranean in 1803, under the command of Com. Edward Preble, whose flagship was the Constitution. The other vessels were t
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