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The Atlanta (Georgia) Campaign: May 1 - September 8, 1864., Part I: General Report. (ed. Maj. George B. Davis, Mr. Leslie J. Perry, Mr. Joseph W. Kirkley), Report of Lieut. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant, U. S. Army, commanding armies of the United States, of operations march, 1864-May, 1865. (search)
first, at least, and possibly the latter of these objects. I therefore telegraphed General Sheridan as follows: City Point, Va., February 20, 1865-1 p. m. Maj. Gen. P. H. Sheridan: General: As soon as it is possible to travel I think you will have no difficulty about reaching Lynchburg with a cavalry force alone. From there you could destroy the railroad and canal in every direction, so as to be of no further use to the rebellion. Sufficient cavalry should be left behind to look after Mosby's gang. From Lynchburg, if information you might get there would justify it, you could strike south, heading the streams in Virginia to the westward of Danville, and push on and join General Sherman. This additional raid, with one now about starting from East Tennessee under Stoneman, numbering 4,000 or 5,000 cavalry, one from Vicksburg, numbering 7,000 or 8,000 cavalry; one from Eastport, Miss., 10,000 cavalry; Canby from Mobile Bay, with about 38,000 mixed troops, these three latter push
General Horace Porter, Campaigning with Grant, Chapter 2 (search)
reached Warrenton Junction he saw a large cloud of dust to the east of the road. Upon making inquiries of the station master as to its cause, he learned that Colonel Mosby, who commanded a partizan Confederate force, called by his own people Mosby's conglomerates, and who had become famous for his cavalry raids, had just passed, Mosby's conglomerates, and who had become famous for his cavalry raids, had just passed, driving a detachment of our cavalry before him. If the train had been a few minutes earlier, Mosby, like Christopher Columbus upon his voyage to this country, would have discovered something which he was not looking for. As the train carried no guard, it would not have been possible to make any defense. In such case the Union commMosby, like Christopher Columbus upon his voyage to this country, would have discovered something which he was not looking for. As the train carried no guard, it would not have been possible to make any defense. In such case the Union commander would have reached Richmond a year sooner than he finally arrived there, but not at the head of an army. General Grant now held a command the magnitude of which has seldom been equaled in history. His troops consisted of twenty-one army-corps, and the territory covered by the field of operations embraced eighteen militar
ester, Va.: If you can possibly spare a division of cavalry, send them through Loudoun County to destroy and carry off the crops, animals, negroes, and all men under fifty years of age capable of bearing arms. In this way you will get many of Mosby's men. All male citizens under fifty can fairly be held as prisoners of war, not as citizen prisoners. If not already soldiers, they will be made so the moment the rebel army get hold of them. U. S. Grant, Lieutenant-General. headquartersble to notify all citizens living east of the Blue Ridge to move out north of the Potomac all their stock, grain, and provisions of every description? There is no doubt about the necessity of clearing out that country so that it will not support Mosby's gang. And the question is whether it is not better that the people should save what they can. So long as the war lasts they must be prevented from raising another crop, both there and as high up the valley as we can control. U. S. Grant,
own soldiers who should volunteer for the delicate and hazardous duty would be the most valuable material, and decided that they should have a battalion organization and be commanded by an officer, Major H. K. Young, of the First Rhode Island Infantry. These men were disguised in Confederate uniforms whenever necessary, were paid from the Secret-Service Fund in proportion to the value of the intelligence they furnished, which often stood us in good stead in checking the forays of Gilmore, Mosby, and other irregulars. Beneficial results came from the plan in many other ways too, and particularly so when in a few days two of my scouts put me in the way of getting news conveyed from Winchester. They had learned that just outside of my lines, near Millwood, there was living an old colored man, who had a permit from the Confederate commander to go into Winchester and return three times a week, for the purpose of selling vegetables to the inhabitants. The scouts had sounded this man,
orces Mosby the guerrilla General Merritt sent to operate against Mosby Rosser again active General Custer surprised Colonel Young sent I had been annoyed by guerrilla bands under such partisan chiefs as Mosby, White, Gilmore, McNeil, and others, and this had considerably deplts for my supply-trains. The most redoubtable of these leaders was Mosby, whose force was made up from the country around Upperville, east otions against these partisans while the campaign was active, but as Mosby's men had lately killed, within my lines, my chief quartermaster, C General Merritt to march to the Loudoun Valley and operate against Mosby, taking care to clear the country of forage and subsistence, so as very solicitous for me to employ a man who, he said, had been with Mosby, but on account of some quarrel in the irregular camp had abandonedswered all my questions satisfactorily, and went into details about Mosby and his men which showed an intimacy with them at some time. I exp
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 4. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Causes of the Confederate defeat at Gettysburg. (search)
rmies early in June suggested to General Lee the advantage of a departure from a strictly defensive system, and of casting the defence of Richmond on a bold offensive campaign. Immediately on this decision the Army of Northern Virginia was put in motion for the invasion of the North. After this brief explanation I will return to the enquiries of .Small raiding parties always infested the line of the Potomac when not occupied in force by the Federal army. The raiding corps, under Colonels Mosby and White, were conspicuously known for their bold raids and dashing onslaughts upon trains and unsuspecting parties on both sides of the Potomac. Raiding parties of a more formidable character, under Stuart and others; were also projected across the lines, creating in the body politic of the North as little sensation as sticking pins in the hide of the rhinoceros. In continuation of the answer to the 2d question, I will repeat in substance the remarks of General Lee, when the invasion
Rebellion Record: a Diary of American Events: Poetry and Incidents., Volume 7. (ed. Frank Moore), Incidents of the fight with Mosby. (search)
Incidents of the fight with Mosby. Fairfax Court-house, June 2, 1863. the sun glistens on a twelve-pound brass howitzer, since that time has done service in the rebel army. After Mosby had been whipped several times by Stahel's cavalry, this gufurnished him to redeem his laurels. On Friday night last, Mosby, with about one hundred and seventy-five men and the howitzd and seven wounded. The rebels immediately charged, led by Mosby himself. Lientenant Barker, twice wounded in the leg, contt every inch of the ground, and himself crossed sabres with Mosby. But numbers told, and several of the Fifth New-York were down the gunner as he applied the match for the last time. Mosby and his men fought desperately to recover the gun, but in v a Captain in the Forty-fourth Royal Infantry, who was with Mosby, was so badly wounded that he has since died. Lieutenant Cments. The Southern Confederacy will not be apt to trust Mr. Mosby with other guns if he cannot take better care of them tha
Colonel Theodore Lyman, With Grant and Meade from the Wilderness to Appomattox (ed. George R. Agassiz), chapter 8 (search)
ceived an idea that it was proper for the sentries to call the hours. So we were waked from the prima quies by loud nasal and otherwise discordant cries of: Post number eight! Half-past 12! All's well! etc., etc. The factionaries evidently considered it a good joke, and, as they had to keep awake, determined no one else should sleep; and so roared often and loud. Some of the officers, hastily roused, fancied the camp was on fire; others conceived the sentinels were inebriated; others that Mosby was in the camp; and others again, like myself, didn't think anything about it, but growled and dropped off again to sleep. What was that howling? said the testy General, at breakfast. Yes, what did the confounded fools mean? added the pacific Humphreys. But the most indignant personage was Rosencrantz. I do svear! he exclaimed, this whole night have I not a single vink slept. It is not enough that those sentry fellows should tell us vat time it is, but they must also be screaming to
William Tecumseh Sherman, Memoirs of General William T. Sherman ., volume 2, chapter 25 (search)
and, so far as I can, I will use my influence that rebels shall suffer all the personal punishment prescribed by law, as also the civil liabilities arising from their past acts. What we now want is the new form of law by which common men may regain the positions of industry, so long disturbed by the war. I now apprehend that the rebel armies will disperse; and, instead of dealing with six or seven States, we will have to deal with numberless bands of desperadoes, headed by such men as Mosby, Forrest, Red Jackson, and others, who know not and care not for danger and its consequences. I am, with great respect, your obedient servant, W. T. Sherman, Major-General commanding. headquarters military division of the Mississippi, in the field, Raleigh, North Carolina, April 25, 1865. Hon. E. M. Stanton, Secretary of War, Washington. dear sir: I have been furnished a copy of your letter of April 21st to General Grant, signifying your disapproval of the terms on which General John
sergeants, whilst going from camp near Centreville as bearer of despatches to Washington, on the twenty-third instant, was met on the road near Allandale, about two o'clock P. M., by a detachment of the Second Massachusetts cavalry, the Sergeant of the latter asking Captain Gillingham if they need apprehend any danger, to which Captain Gillingham replied: So far, we have not met with any obstruction. Captain Gillingham had scarcely gone over four hundred yards, when he was met by a party of Mosby's cavalry, consisting of about one hundred men, by whom he was ordered, under fire, to halt. Captain Gillingham, taking them for our own troops, (as they were dressed similar to his own men,) replied, Hold up firing — you are fools — you are firing on Government troops, to which the captain of said troops replied: Surrender there, you Yankee----. Captain Gillingham replied he could not see the joke. Then, turning to Sergeant Long, Orderly of company B, and to Sergeant Burnham, ordered the
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