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t., asking me to give you my recollection of the circumstances in regard to the retreat of the Confederate Armies from Cassville, Georgia, to the south side of the Etowah river, I will state the facts as connected with myself, as follows: At the time when the Confederate Armies of Tennessee and Mississippi, under the command of General J. E. Johnston, and the Federal Army under General Sherman, were manoeuvring in the neighborhood of Cassville, I had nearly completed my journey from Demopolis, Alabama, to that town to join Lieutenant General Polk, commanding the Army of Mississippi, who was with General Johnston in that vicinity. I had crossed the country in company with a part of that command. I arrived at Cassville railway station about half-past 3 or four o'clock in the afternoon of the i9th of May, 1864, and met Colonel Gale, of our staff, who informed me that the Lieutenant General desired to see me as soon as I arrived. I passed on without delay to his headquarters, about h
General Joseph E. Johnston, Narrative of Military Operations During the Civil War, Chapter 7 (search)
nnessee in front of Chattanooga. They were Quarles's and Baldwin's, the latter composed of Vicksburg troops. On the 18th the President visited the troops at Demopolis, and on the 20th those at Enterprise. While there he transferred Lieutenant-General Hardee back to the Army of Tennessee, and assigned Lieutenant-General Polk tsition he had occupied in the Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana. With Lieutenant-General Hardee he transferred Pettus's and Moore's brigades, then at Demopolis, to General Bragg's command. All left Demopolis, for the Army of Tennessee, on the 27th. About that time Brigadier-General Ferguson, who had been detached, Demopolis, for the Army of Tennessee, on the 27th. About that time Brigadier-General Ferguson, who had been detached, by Major-General Lee, with a part of his brigade in pursuit of a party of Federal cavalry on a predatory incursion, in Marion County, Alabama, attacked and routed it, capturing its artillery. It was driven home by this defeat. On Dec. 18th, a telegram from the President was delivered to me in the camp of General Ross's brigade
General Joseph E. Johnston, Narrative of Military Operations During the Civil War, Chapter 9 (search)
the day before, had instructed Major-General Thomas to move to Knoxville with all the troops that could be spared from Chattanooga, to cooperate with the Army of the Ohio in driving Longstreet from East Tennessee, countermanded that order, and directed a movement to the immediate front instead, to gain possession of Dalton, and as far south of that as possible. General Thomas's report of March 10, 1864. On the 22d, intelligence was received from Lieutenant-General Polk's headquarters, at Demopolis, that Sherman's invading column, after passing Meridian, which it destroyed, had turned, and was marching back toward Vicksburg; and Lieutenant-General Hardee's corps, of which only the leading troops had reached that place, were about to return. At night our scouts reported that the Federal army, in marching order, had advanced from Chattanooga to Ringgold that day, and that a large body of infantry and artillery, accompanied by Long's This officer was instructed to give instant inform
General Joseph E. Johnston, Narrative of Military Operations During the Civil War, Report of Hon. L. T. Wigfall in the Senate of the Confederate States, march 18, 1865. (search)
and near Dalton, refers to the forces after this date received by General Johnston from General Polk, he is again in error as to numbers. It was not till the 4th of May that General Polk was ordered to move with Loring's division and other available force at your command, to Rome, Georgia, and thence unite with General Johnston. On the 6th, the day on which General Hood says this army lay at and near Dalton, waiting the advance of the enemy, General Polk telegraphs to General Cooper from Demopolis: My troops are concentrating and moving as directed. On the 10th, at Rome, he telegraphs the President: The first of Loring's brigade arrived and sent forward to Resaca; the second just in; the third will arrive to-morrow morning. . . . French's brigade was to leave Blue Mountain this morning. The others will follow in succession; Ferguson will be in supporting distance day after to-morrow; Jackson's division is thirty-six hours after. Yet General Hood asserts that, four days before thi
William Tecumseh Sherman, Memoirs of General William T. Sherman ., volume 1, chapter 16 (search)
s, and these wagons passing, struck them in flank, shct down the mules of three or four wagons, broke the column, and began a general skirmish. The escort defended their wagons as well as they could, and thus diverted their attention; otherwise I would surely have been captured. In a short time the head of McPherson's column came up, went into camp, and we spent the night in Decatur. The next day we pushed on, and on the 14th entered Meridian, the enemy retreating before us toward Demopolis, Alabama. We at once set to work to destroy an arsenal, immense storehouses, and the railroad in every direction. We staid in Meridian five days, expecting every hour to hear of General Sooy Smith, but could get no tidings of him whatever. A large force of infantry was kept at work all the time in breaking up the Mobile & Ohio Railroad south and north; also the Jackson & Selma Railroad, east and west. I was determined to damage these roads so that they could not be used again for hostile pu
s but what he had on. He was lucky more than once that day in saving those and in being able to carry them off himself. It seemed as though he and Adjutant Dean were bullet-proof. Captain Kenyon and Lieutenant Perriont, both on the Colonel's staff, exposed themselves almost recklessly, and escaped without a scratch. You have got to see a street-fight to comprehend it. I can't describe it. Company A did itself credit, as it always tries to do. Orton. Ingersoll. Rebel account. Demopolis, Ala., March 11, 1864 To Adjutant-General Cooper: General Lee telegraphs that Ross and Richardson attacked Yazoo City on the fifth instant, capturing many stores and destroying much cotton about being shipped. The enemy retired to the city and held it until reinforced. They were driven out of the city, which was recaptured, while stores were being destroyed. We have quite a number of prisoners. Our loss was about fifty killed and wounded. The enemy still occupy Yazoo City and Liverpo
to be quite comfortable, and admirably located. Soon after passing the camps, our cavalry, under Colonel Winslow, encountered the rear-guard of the enemy; but the gallant Colonel made short work of them, and drove them through the town toward Demopolis, at a doublequick. Immediately following the cavalry came the Third division of the Sixteenth army corps, with flags flying and bands playing national airs. It must have been a novel sight to what few inhabitants were left. They had not witn Another account. Sixteenth Iowa Volunteer infantry, Canton, Mississippi, February 29, 1864. Mr. Editor: General Sherman having taken the job of cleaning out Mississippi, we have gone and done it, making a clear track from Vicksburgh to Demopolis, and are this far on our return, stopping a few days here to finish up a few little jobs, such as destroying twenty-three locomotives, a number of freight and passengercars, gather in a few thousand head of horses and mules, destroy a few miles
Rebel accounts. General Polk's address. General orders, no. 22.headquarters, Demopolis, Ala., Feb. 26, 1861. The Lieutenant-General Commanding offers his congratulations to the army on the successful termination of the campaign just closed. The cheerfulness with which the troops have borne the fatigues and inconveniences of the march, and their ready acquiescence in the orders directing their movements, have entitled them to the highest commendation. To the firmness and gooanks to the whole army, and trusts that this opening campaign of the new year may be an earnest of the successes which await us in the future. By command of Lieutenant-General Polk. Thomas M. Jack, A. A. G. Mobile register account. Demopolis, March 1, 1864. The great campaign under General Sherman, announced in the Yankee papers of several weeks past, to consist of seventy thousand men, to move in three columns, successively, from Vicksburgh, West-Tennessee, and Huntsville, Alab
Rebel reports and Narratives. General S. D. Lee's report. Demopolis, February 24. Headquarters, Starkville, Miss., February 22. Lieutenant-General Polk: Major-General Forrest reports, at nine A. M., yesterday evening, two miles south of Pontotoc, we have had severe fighting all day with the enemy. The engagement closwhole force. We repulsed them with heavy loss, and completely routed them. S. D. Lee. Leonidas Polk, Lieutenant-General. Atlanta Confederacy account. Demopolis, February 22, 1864. News from the front grows stale. The enemy having prospected as far south as De Soto, on the Mobile road, seem to be hesitating as to the the whole scheme of the Yankee plan for the occupation and subjugation of the South-West. If successful, Sherman would have been in a condition to advance upon Demopolis and Selma, or Mobile; and these important points, as well as the rich countries adjacent, would have been at the mercy of the enemy. They could have been driven
the property carried away and destroyed by the rebels exceeds, at a moderate estimate, half a million of dollars. The value of the houses burned, by order of Colonel Hicks, must be as much if not more. The enemy's loss in men cannot be accurately ascertained, but in killed and wounded will not fall short of one thousand. It is rumored that several citizens, who imprudently did not leave the city with the bulk of the inhabitants, were. killed or injured. Official rebel reports. Demopolis, April 2, 1864. To General S. Cooper: The following despatch from General Forrest has just been received. L. Polk, Lieutenant-General. Dresden, Tenn., March 27, Via Okolona, April 2, 1864. To Lieutenant-General Polk: I left Jackson on the twenty-third ultimo, and captured Union City on the twenty-fourth, with four hundred and fifty prisoners, among them the renegade, Hankins, and most of his regiment; about two hundred horses, and five hundred small-arms. I also took possession
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