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es that even at this late day the true history of the Suffolk campaign should be made public. Suffolk lies at the head of the Nansemond, twelve miles from its confluence with the James. Two railroads unite at this town, one from Norfolk to Petersburgh, the other from Portsmouth to Weldon, etc., N. C. By means of them General Peck's supplies were forwarded from Norfolk, a distance of twenty miles, and on the other hand the rebel stores and reenforcements were forwarded from the opposite extradiness for an instant move. 3d. The troops were also conveniently stationed in such manner that they might be literally precipitated upon the doomed town, sixteen thousand being posted on the Blackwater, the remainder along the railway to Petersburgh. As was anticipated, Hill's movement resulted in an order directing General Peck to forward three thousand troops to General Foster. It will now be seen in what manner was sprung the trap thus skilfully prepared. Longstreet's spies advise
Doc. 141.-surprise at Moorefield, Virginia. Wheeling Intelligencer account. camp near Petersburgh, September 12, 1863. on the morning of Friday, the fifth, at about reveille — say half-past 4 o'clock in the morning — that portion of the First West-Virginia volunteer infantry in command of Major E. W. Stephens--five coape; others were more successful, among whom, I am happy to state, was our worthy Major, who immediately hastened to bring reenforcements from the detachment at Petersburgh. These last, led by Colonel Thoburn, arrived too late. Our detachment were already upon their way to Richmond. Among the many valuable officers lost to the sieutenants Hall, Helms, McKee, and Baird. Captains Daugherty and McElvoy and Lieutenant Apple have already made their escape, and returned safely to the camp at Petersburgh. I am happy to state many of the men have also made good their escape. Foot-sore and weary from their wanderings upon the dark and weary mountains, they are g
Doc. 167.-Virginia peace resolutions. In the Senate of Virginia, September ninth, 1863, Mr. Collier, of Petersburgh, submitted the following preamble and joint resolutions: Whereas, the Constitution of the Federal Union of the late United States was established by the sovereign, separate action of the nine States by which it was first formed, and the number of the United States was afterward, from time to time, enlarged by the admission of other States separately; and, whereas, that Constitution failed to incorporate or indicate any method by which any one or more of the States might peaceably retire from the obligations of Federal duty imposed by it on each and every other State in the Union; and, whereas, it is consistent with the republican creed, on which the whole complex system is founded, that a majority of the States might peacefully disannul the compact as to any party to it; and, whereas, a conjunction in the Federal relations of the United States did arise in 1
Doc. 68.-the steamer Nashville: how she ran the blockade. Petersburgh, March 1, 1862. The confederate States steamer Nashville reached Beaufort, N. C., yesterday morning, at seven A. M., from Southampton, having successfully eluded the blockading steamers at the entrance of the harbor, one of which, the Albatross, it is supposed, fired some twenty or thirty shots at her without effect. She brings about three millions dollars' worth of stores, chiefly for the use of the Treasury and Post-Office Departments. From an officer of the Nashville we gather the following account of the trip: Leaving Southampton at four P. M., on the third of February, within full sight of the Tuscarora, which had but just returned from a six days cruise outside of the harbor, and was then engaged in coaling-up, the Nashville steered for Bermuda, and, after successfully weathering a terrific gale of six days duration, which disabled one of her engines, reached her destination at two P. M., on th
ich were piled two hundred barrels spirits of turpentine and one hundred and fifty bales of cotton. The torch was applied, and the raft set adrift, and in a few moments it lay alongside the piers of the bridge, and the costly fabric was wrapped in flames from end to end. The turnpike-bridge across the river was also burnt by our forces. The Gaston House, the Washington Hotel, many churches, and the greater portion of the town, is in ashes. A lad, who left Friday night, and reached Petersburgh yesterday morning, says the Yankees were busily engaged in endeavoring to check the progress of the flames, and it was thought that some few houses would be saved, at least enough to shelter the demons who have invaded the place. All the cotton, about two hundred bales, and one thousand five hundred barrels of rosin and turpentine, besides naval stores, were destroyed. The theatre, it is said, escaped destruction. Here the Yankees secured about twenty-five kegs of gunpowder, which
this is great. Many regiments have no chaplains. Thousands and thousands of our soldiers never heard a sermon. Deprived of this means of grace, and exposed to so many and so powerful demoralizing influences, what is to become of them, if divine truth in some form does not reach them? Shall no man care for their souls? Shall we leave them to perish, and not make earnest efforts for their salvation? And will not the blood of souls be upon us? Let us look our responsibilities in the face, and endeavor by Divine aid to fulfil them! Let this noble enterprise which proposes, as far as possible, to supply the lack of religious services in the camps by the employment of colporteurs, and by those little messengers of Gospel truth — tracts — be amply sustained. If you are disposed to aid a great cause — the cause of patriotism and of religion, the cause of country and of Christ — please remit your contributions to James E. Cuthbert, Treas. of the Evan. Tract Society, Petersburgh, Va
apoleon gun, made by the American Manufacturing Company. The horses were all killed, but the pieces have been turned over to Captain Miller, of the Washington artillery. Col. D. G. Goodwin, of the Ninth Virginia, was severely wounded. The Petersburgh corps was badly used up. The Twelfth Virginia and the Third Alabama charged a battery and drove the Yankees from it. The Twelfth and Sixth Alabama took a battery. of ten pieces. The First Virginia and the Fourth North-Carolina charged a battny desperate sorties. We hope much from the counter-irritation commenced by Jackson. A number of iron-clad gunboats are now not far from Drewry's Bluff, ready to participate in the assault, whenever made. We hear of Burnside's landing below Petersburgh, and of Beauregard's retreating thirty-five miles from Corinth, but the news lacks confirmation. The city is one vast hospital. Woman's ministering hands are not wanting to alleviate the sufferings of our wounded. Hermes. Memphis appea
almost interminable train could be seen winding along like a huge snake, in the distant valley. Several regiments were drawn in line of battle on the opposite side of the river. An unfordable river was between them, and the only bridge was in flames. The battle of P Cross Keys was now a matter of history, and the famous pursuit of Jackson and his army was at an end. Gen. Fremont had left Franklin on Sunday, May twenty-fifth, taking up his line of march for the valley of Virginia. At Petersburgh he had left his tents and heavy baggage. With one exception, he had marched sixteen consecutive days. The rains had been heavy and severe. Frequently our soldiers had bivouacked in water and mud, and lain down in their drenched clothes to steal a little sleep, to have a dream of the loved ones at home, and to have a very few hours of rest that they might endure the fatigues of the coming day. Transportation had been difficult. Forage was scarce, the country having been cleaned of such
Doc. 48.-the James River expedition. Reconnoissance towards Petersburgh. Fortress Monroe, May 28, 1862. Yesterday the Coeur de Lion and Stepping Stones were ordered to proceed up the Appomattox River towards the city of Petersburgh, which is built on its banks. They proceeded up this stream for a distance of ten miles above its mouth without molestation, but just at this point there is what is called the Seven mile reach. On one side the ground was low and marshy, but on the otherPetersburgh, which is built on its banks. They proceeded up this stream for a distance of ten miles above its mouth without molestation, but just at this point there is what is called the Seven mile reach. On one side the ground was low and marshy, but on the other (northern) side there was a sort of bluff, upon which there appeared to be an earth-work; but on close examination, it was observed that no guns were mounted upon its parapet. Moving up a little further, the enemy's troops were discovered, composed of infantry and cavalry, in some force. They were skulking around under cover of houses and clumps of trees. Our gunboats moved up close under shore, when they were saluted with a heavy volley of musketry. Capt. Hamilton, of the Coeur de Lion,
also sent a letter informing him of my presence there with the prisoners, and my readiness to release them upon the condition mentioned in your letter. To this letter, I received a reply from the Headquarters, Department of the Appomattox, at Petersburgh, in which I was informed that at ten o'clock A. M., of the third inst., an officer would be sent to receive the paroled prisoners, and with such instructions relating to them as the government imposed. Accordingly, during the afternoon, Majs by inquiring whether they would confer with me on this business, or with whom and when. I waited for a reply to this until five o'clock of the fifth, having, at three o'clock, gone ashore, and left a letter with a picket, to be forwarded to Petersburgh, informing General Huger that, having already waited twenty-four hours for a reply to my communication, I would return to Fortress Monroe, and that any communication on the subject of the exchange would be forwarded by the navy. I then return
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