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Capt. Calvin D. Cowles , 23d U. S. Infantry, Major George B. Davis , U. S. Army, Leslie J. Perry, Joseph W. Kirkley, The Official Military Atlas of the Civil War 1 1 Browse Search
Comte de Paris, History of the Civil War in America. Vol. 1. (ed. Henry Coppee , LL.D.) 1 1 Browse Search
The Daily Dispatch: September 16, 1861., [Electronic resource] 1 1 Browse Search
The Daily Dispatch: March 18, 1862., [Electronic resource] 1 1 Browse Search
The Daily Dispatch: June 2, 1862., [Electronic resource] 1 1 Browse Search
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Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 2., Chapter 3: military operations in Missouri and Kentucky. (search)
this, I desire to ask your attention to the position of affairs in Kentucky. As the rebel troops, driven out of Missouri, had invaded Kentucky in considerable force, and by occupying Union City, Hickman, and Columbus, were preparing to seize Paducah and Cairo, I judged it impossible, without losing important advantages, to defer any longer a forward movement. For this purpose I have drawn from the Missouri side a part of the force stationed at Bird's Point, Cairo. and Cape Girardeau, to Fort Holt and Paducah, of which places we have taken possession. As the rebel forces outnumber ours, and the counties of Kentucky, between the Mississippi and Tennessee Rivers, as well as those along the Cumberland, are strongly Secessionist, it becomes imperatively necessary to have the co-operation of the Union forces under Generals Anderson and Nelson, as well as those already encamped opposite Louisville, under Colonel Rousseau. I have re-enforced, yesterday, Paducah with two regiments, and wi
Admiral David D. Porter, The Naval History of the Civil War., Chapter 14: battle and capture of Fort Henry by the Navy. (search)
ow clearly demonstrated that the naval vessels on the Western rivers could sustain the fire of the heaviest batteries, notwithstanding the high authority to the contrary. To give an idea of some of the dreadful scenes to which our gun-boats were liable, we insert an interesting letter written after the battle of Fort Henry, by James Laning, the Second Master of the Essex, in which he thus describes the engagement: On February 1st, 1862, the iron-clad gun-boat Essex, whilst lying off Fort Holt, received orders from Flag-officer A. H. Foote, commanding the Western flotilla, to proceed up the Tennessee River, and anchor some five miles below Fort Henry, blockading the river at that point. The ironclads Carondelet, Commander Henry Walke; the Cincinnati, Commander Stembel, and the St. Louis, Lieutenant Commanding Leonard Paulding, were completed and put into commission a few days previous, making, with the Essex, four iron-clads, besides the wooden gun-boats Taylor, Lexington and C
5,000 well-armed infantry to Washington without a moment's delay. Gen. Robert Anderson, commanding in Kentucky, was also calling urgently on Gen. Fremont, his immediate superior, for reenforcements to save Louisville, then threatened by the Rebels, who were rapidly annexing Kentucky. Gen. Fremont had at that time scattered over his entire department, and confronted at nearly every point by formidable and often superior numbers of Rebels, a total of 55,693 men; whereof over 11,000 occupied Fort Holt and Paducah, Ky., warding off the menaced advance of the Rebels in force on Cairo and St. Louis; some 10,000 more held Cairo and important points in its vicinity; while Gen. Pope, in North Missouri, had 5,500; Gen. Davis, at Jefferson City, 9,600, and there were 4,700 at Rolla, and 3,000 at Ironton; leaving less than 7,000 at St. Louis. Gen. Lane, on the frontier of Kansas, had 2,200; and these, with a good part of Pope's command under Gen. Sturgis, and a large proportion of Davis's at Je
s companies of cavalry, attached to regiments; Schwartz's cavalry company, attached to my brigade, and five companies of Col. T. Lyle Dickey's Fourth regiment of cavalry, numbering of infantry, three thousand nine hundred and ninety-two, of cavalry one thousand and sixty-one, and of artillery one hundred and thirty-nine, rank and file, all under my command, and all Illinois volunteers, except Schwartz's battery of light artillery. The cavalry, which had crossed the river and encamped at Fort Holt, on the morning of the ninth, marched on the morning of the tenth to Fort Jefferson, Capt. Stewart with his company being in the advance. On arriving he determined to take in custody all persons found in that place, and immediately sent forward pickets to guard the pass at Elliott's Mills and other approaches from Columbus. The remainder of the forces, conveyed by transports, arrived at Fort Jefferson on the same day, tenth,) and encamped awaiting further orders. On the eleventh I o
ck muskets, rifles and shot-guns of almost every known style. Great quantities of cartridges were found made up; for use in their smooth-bore guns, containing three buck-shot and a bullet each. In the magazine of the Fort were stored a large quantity of powder and ammunition of all kinds. Everything was prepared for a vigorous resistance, and had it been attempted, I have no doubt that it would have proved more difficult of capture than all the fortifications of Cairo, Bird's Point, and Fort Holt combined. Perhaps the point which struck us most forcibly with surprise, after entering the works, was the enormous extent of the plan which had been proposed and partially carried out in the fortifications. As I before stated, the exterior line of breastworks, with their ditches and abattis, enclose at least a square mile. One single line of rifle-pits extends nearly a mile and a half. And this is only one of three lines of defence which were to be overcome before the Fort itself co
concussion which would attend the firing of a thirteen-inch shell. All these opinions and prognostications have been overthrown to-day, by the experiment made under the superintendence of Captain Constable, and before a committee of three, composed of himself, Capt. Kilty, of the gunboat Mound City, and Capt. Dove, of the gunboat Louisville. One of the mortar-boats, No. Thirty-five, was taken in tow this morning, by three steam-tugs, and conveyed to a point a few hundred yards below Fort Holt, on the Kentucky shore. The huge mortar had previously been placed on board, and fixed upon one of Rodman's mortar-carriages or beds. Ten or twelve of the thirteen-inch shells were prepared, filled, however, with wet sand, instead of powder, the object of the experiment simply being to ascertain the range of the mortar, and the effect of the firing upon the various parts of the boat. The boat was fastened to the shore, and the mortar directed down the river, which from that point stretc
William Boynton, Sherman's Historical Raid, Chapter 2: (search)
ts have just been ordered there from Missouri. By the middle or last of February I hope to send fifteen thousand more. If thirty thousand or forty thousand can be added from the sources indicated, these will be sufficient for holding Cairo, Fort Holt, and Paducah, and form the column proposed. * * * These suggestions are hastily written out, but they are the result of much anxious inquiry and mature deliberation. I am confident that the plan, if properly carried out, will produce importnear Springfield, and that all our available forces will be required to dislodge and drive him out. My last advices from Columbus represent that the enemy has about twenty-two thousand men there. I have only about fifteen thousand at Cairo, Fort Holt, and Paducah, and after leaving guards at these places I could not send into the field over ten or eleven thousand. Moreover, many of these are very imperfectly armed. Under these circumstances, it would be madness for me to attempt any ser
Frederick H. Dyer, Compendium of the War of the Rebellion: Regimental Histories, Illinois Volunteers. (search)
rict of Cairo till March, 1862. Duty at Fort Holt, Ky. Expedition into Kentucky January 16-21,d mustered in July 30, 1861. Ordered to Fort Holt, Ky., September 18, and duty there till Februartered in December 31, 1861. Attached to Fort Holt, Ky., Dept. of Missouri, to March, 1862. Disto September, 1865. Service. Duty at Fort Holt, Ky., till March, 1862, and in the District of 9-September 8. Moved to Cape Girardeau, Fort Holt, Ky., and Elliott's Mills, thence moved to CairMo., August 23, 1861. Duty there and at Fort Holt, Ky., till February, 1862. Expedition towardrd's Point, Mo., August. Duty there, at Fort Holt, Ky., and Cape Girardeau, Mo., till February, 1ember 8, 1861. Moved to Cape Girardeau, Fort Holt, Ky., and Elliott's Mills, thence moved to Cairnt, Mo., till October 2, 1861. Moved to Fort Holt, Ky., October 2, and duty there till January 31March to St. Charles, Mo., thence moved to Fort Holt, Ky., February 3-20, 1862. Operations agains
District of Corinth, 13th Army Corps (Old), Dept. of the Tennessee, to December, 1862. 1st Brigade, District of Corinth, 17th Army Corps, Dept. of the Tennessee, to January, 1863. 1st Brigade, District of Corinth, 16th Army Corps, to March, 1863. 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 16th Army Corps, to September, 1864. 1st Brigade, 4th Division, 15th Army Corps, to July, 1865. Service. Duty at Pilot Knob, Jackson, Cape Girardeau County, Norfolk, Fort Jefferson, Bird's Point, Mo., Fort Holt, Ky., and Cairo, Ill., till November, 1861. Affair at Elliott's Mills, Camp Crittenden, September 22. Expedition to Belmont November 6-7. Battle of Belmont November 7. Moved from Bird's Point to St. Louis, Mo., November 10, and duty there till January, 1862. Expedition to Fort Henry, Tenn., January 15-25. Operations against Fort Henry February 2-6. Investment of Fort Donelson February 12-16. Capture of Fort Donelson February 16. Expedition to Clarksburg, Tenn., Febr
Frederick H. Dyer, Compendium of the War of the Rebellion: Regimental Histories, Missouri Volunteers. (search)
Mo., till August, 1862. Ordered to Jefferson City, Mo., August 17; thence moved to Rolla, Mo., and duty there till October. Assigned to 1st Missouri Light Artillery as Battery L, October, 1862, and for further history see that Battery. Schwartz's Battery Light Artillery Organized at St. Louis, Mo., and mustered in August 20, 1861. Duty in North Missouri (1st Section) September 6 to December 29, 1861. Battery ordered to Cairo, Ill., September 14, 1861. Duty at Cairo, Fort Holt, Ky., and Jefferson, Ky., till February, 1862. Assigned to 2nd Illinois Light Artillery as Battery E February 1, 1862, and for further history see that Battery. Walling's Battery, Mississippi Marine Brigade Organized at Philadelphia, Pa., as Battery C, Segebarth's Pennsylvania Artillery, September 22 to December 27, 1862. Duty on the Mississippi River and other Western waters and at Vicksburg, Miss., participating in the following Duck River Island April 26, 1863. Beaver Dam La
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