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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Baltimore, (search)
Baltimore. A gang of men was sent out who destroyed the Canton bridge, a short distance from the city. When a train from the north approached, it was stopped, the passengers were turned out, the cars were filled by the mob, and the engineer was compelled to run his train back to the long bridges over the Gunpowder and Bush creeks, arms of Chesapeake Bay. These bridges were fired and a large portion of them consumed. Another party went up the Northern Central Railway from Baltimore to Cockeysville, 15 miles north, and destroyed two wooden bridges there, and smaller structures on the road. The telegraphwires on all the leading lines out of Baltimore, excepting the one that kept up a communication with the Confederates at Harper's Ferry, were destroyed, and thus all communication by telegraph and railway between Washington and the loyal States was cut off. Governor Hicks passed the night of April 19 at the house of Mayor Brown in Baltimore. It was the night after the attack on t
awal of all orders contemplating the passage of troops through any part of Maryland. On returning to the cars, and when just about to leave, about 2 P. M., the Mayor received a despatch from Mr. Garrett, announcing the approach of troops to Cockeysville, and the excitement consequent upon it in the city. Mr. Brown and his companions returned at once to the President, and asked an immediate audience, which was promptly given. The Mayor exhibited Mr. Garrett's despatch, which gave the Presideor Harrisburg. Gen. Scott adopted the President's views warmly, and an order was accordingly prepared by the Lieutenant-General to that effect, and forwarded by Major Belger, of the army, who accompanied the Mayor to this city. The troops at Cockeysville, the Mayor was assured, were not brought there for transit through the city, but were intended to be marched to the Relay House, on the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad. They will proceed to Harrisburg, from there to Philadelphia, and thence by th
city were ordered out to assist in the preservation of the peace. The railroad companies were requested by the Mayor and myself to transport no more troops to Baltimore city, and they promptly acceded to our request. Hearing of the attack upon the soldiers, the War Department issued orders that no more troops would pass through Baltimore city provided they were allowed to pass outside its limits. Subsequently a detachment of troops were ascertained to be encamped at or near Cockeysville, in Baltimore county. On being informed of this, the War Department ordered them back. Before leaving Baltimore, Colonel Huger, who was in command of the United States arsenal at Pikesville, informed me that he had resigned his commission. Being advised of the probability that the mob might attempt the destruction of this property, and thereby complicate our difficulties with the authorities at Washington, I ordered Colonel Petherbridge to proceed with sufficient force and occupy the premises in
Frederick H. Dyer, Compendium of the War of the Rebellion: Battles, Maryland, 1864 (search)
ckvilleFry's Provisional Cavalry Regiment. July 10: Skirmish near MonocacyILLINOIS--8th Cavalry. July 11: Skirmish, FrederickMARYLAND--1st Potomac Home Brigade Cavalry. NEW YORK--21st Cavalry. July 12: Action, PoolesvilleOHIO--6th Cavalry. July 13: Skirmish, RockvilleILLINOIS--8th Cavalry. MASSACHUSETTS--2d Cavalry. Fry's Provisional Cavalry Regiment. July 14: Skirmish, PoolesvilleILLINOIS--8th Cavalry. MASSACHUSETTS--2d Cavalry Fry's Provisional Cavalry Regiment. July 18: Skirmish, CockeysvilleILLINOIS--8th Cavalry. July 18: Action, PercyvilleWEST VIRGINIA--Battery "E," Light Arty. July 26: Action, Muddy BranchMICHIGAN--6th Cavalry. July 29: Skirmish, Clear SpringsUNITED STATES--McLean's Detachment Cavalry. July 29: Action, HagerstownOHIO--8th Cavalry. PENNSYLVANIA--14th Cavalry. WEST VIRGINIA--1st, 2d and 3d Cavalry. UNITED STATES--Battery "L," 5th Arty. July 30: Affair, EmmettsburgPENNSYLVANIA--Philadelphia Arty.; Scouts. July 30: Skirmish, Monocacy JunctionILLINOIS--8th
Frederick H. Dyer, Compendium of the War of the Rebellion: Regimental Histories, Indiana Volunteers. (search)
Siege of Petersburg June 16 to October 18. Non-Veterans mustered out July 28, 1864. Weldon R. R. August 18-21. Consolidated with 20th Indiana Infantry October 18, 1864. Regiment lost during service 5 Officers and 194 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 1 Officer and 116 Enlisted men by disease. Total 316. 20th Indiana Regiment Infantry. Organized at Lafayette, Ind., and mustered in July 22, 1861. Left State for Baltimore, Md., August 2. Stationed at Cockeysville, Md., guarding Northern Central R. R. to Pennsylvania line till September. Expedition to Hatteras Inlet, N. C., September 24-27. At fortifications North End of Hatteras bank till November. Action at Chickamacomico October 4. Ordered to Fortress Monroe, Va., November 9, and duty there till March, 1862. Attached to Fortress Monroe, Va., Dept. of Virginia, to May, 1862. Robinson's Brigade, Dept. of Virginia, to June, 1862. 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 3rd Army Corps, Army o
Frederick H. Dyer, Compendium of the War of the Rebellion: Regimental Histories, Pennsylvania Volunteers. (search)
nsylvania as Companies A, D, E, G and H (which see). 1st Pennsylvania Regiment Infantry.--(3 months.) Organized at Harrisburg April 20, 1861. Moved to Cockeysville on Northern Central Railroad April 20; thence to Camp Scott, near York, Pa., and duty there till May 14. Guard Northern Central Railroad, near Baltimore, Maurg July, 1864. Mustered out November 14, 1864. 2nd Pennsylvania Regiment Infantry.--(3 months.) Organized at Harrisburg April 20, 1861. Moved to Cockeysville, Ma., April 21. Return to York, Pa., and duty there till June 1. Moved to Chambersburg June 1. Attached o Wyncoop's 2nd Brigade, Keim's 2nd Division, Patylvania Regiment Infantry.--(3 months.) Organized at Harrisburg April 20, 1861. (Co. G the first Company to enter Camp Curtin on April 18.) Moved to Cockeysville, Md., April 20; thence to York, Pa., April 22, and duty there till May 27. At Chambersburg till June 7, and at Funkstown till July 1. Attached to 2nd Brigad
giments of one hundred days men, under this call. They were,—the Fifth Regiment of Infantry, Colonel Peirson, which left the State July 28, and was stationed at Fort Marshall, in the vicinity of Baltimore; the Sixth Regiment of Infantry, Colonel Follansbee, which was sent forward July 20, and was detailed for duty at Fort Delaware, Md., a depot for rebel prisoners; the Eighth Regiment of Infantry, Colonel Peach, which left the State July 26, and was stationed for duty at Baltimore and Cockeysville, Md. The Forty-second Regiment of Infantry left for Washington, under command of Lieutenant-Colonel Steadman, July 24; and Colonel Burrill, who had returned home after a long captivity in Texas, joined the regiment at Alexandria, Va., and remained with it until it returned home, and was mustered out. The Sixtieth Regiment of Infantry, a new organization, left the State, under Colonel Wass, for Washington, Aug. 1, and was afterwards sent to Indianapolis, Ind., where it remained until its te
the telegraph operator had remained at his post, or within calling distance. My intention, upon leaving the battle-field, was to march the troops directly to Baltimore, which, by the concentration at Monocacy, had been left almost defenceless. Had this purpose been carried out, they would have reached the city on the evening of the tenth, in time to have driven off the marauders, who, under Johnson, had moved by the Liberty road from Frederick City, and taken post in the vicinity of Cockeysville. Such a result would very probably have saved the bridges on the Philadelphia railroad. But, under an order, received while en route to Ellicott's mills, directing me to rally my forces and make every possible effort to retard the enemy's march on Baltimore, I thought it my duty to halt Ricketts' division, with the cavalry and battery, at the mills, that being the first point on the pike at which it was possible to resupply the men with rations and ammunition. In doing this, however,
can history. The crowning act of disloyalty, and one which threatened the most serious consequences to the government, was committed about midnight of the same day. A secret order was issued by the mayor and police officers to burn the nearest bridges on the railroads leading into Baltimore from the free States, and parties, under the command of the police authorities were dispatched to execute the order. Before daylight the following morning, the bridges at Melvale, Relay House and Cockeysville, on the Harrisburg road and over the Bush and Gunpowder rivers and Harris Creek, were completely destroyed by fire, thus effectually severing railroad communication with the North. The telegraph wires leading to and from the capital were also cut, completely shutting off Washington, and the government from the loyal Northern States. These acts, committed by the orders of the very men who that morning had risked their lives in defending the soldiers of the Union, are sufficient to show t
Brig.-Gen. Bradley T. Johnson, Confederate Military History, a library of Confederate States Military History: Volume 2.1, Maryland (ed. Clement Anselm Evans), Chapter 2: Maryland's First patriotic movement in 1861. (search)
rom beyond the boundary to Lexington and down Lexington to the city hall. They shouted as they flashed by, The Yankees are coming, the Yankees are coming! Twenty-four hundred of Pennsylvania troops, only half of them armed, had got as far as Cockeysville, twenty miles from Baltimore, where they had been stopped by the burnt bridges, and had gone into camp. These couriers of disaster brought the news of this fresh invasion and it flashed through the city like an electric shock. The churches dle by boat to Annapolis and thence by rail to Washington. The President and General Scott both seemed to take it for granted that the Potomac would be blockaded. Mayor Brown returned from Washington with the assurance that the detachment at Cockeysville would be ordered back, and that no troops should attempt to pass through Baltimore. The wires were all cut north of the city and all communication by rail or telegraph between the capital and the Northern States was absolutely closed for seve
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