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Admiral David D. Porter, The Naval History of the Civil War., Chapter 15: capture of Fort Donelson and battle of Shiloh. (search)
This fortification was the strongest military work in the entire theatre of war. It was situated on the west bank of the Cumberland River, north of the town of Dover, on a peculiarly rugged and inaccessible series of hills which rose abruptly to the height of one hundred feet. Every advantage had been taken of the character of sted by Generals Halleck and Grant to co-operate with the latter in an attack on Fort Donelson, situated on the west bank of the Cumberland river, near the town of Dover. The fort was stronger, both in natural position and artificial defenses, than Fort Henry, and a land attack was more difficult, as there were heights above, belo Three gun boats remained until after the surrender of Fort Donelson, which took place on Sunday, February 16th, when they steamed up the river above the fort to Dover. There our officers and men met in good cheer. Our usual divine service was then performed on board the Carondelet. as the most appropriate way of giving thanks
e Cumberland from the west, a little below the Tennessee village of Dover. A dirt road connected the two forts, whereof the garrisons were ehe country and seize the road leading from the fort to Donelson and Dover, while Gen. C. F. Smith, with his brigade, advanced along the west ng to poor teams and bad roads. Fort Donelson--two miles below Dover, where the Cumberland makes a short bend westward from its northerlr's response closed the correspondence thus: headquarters Dover (Tenn.), Feb. 16 1862. Brig.-Gen. U. S. Grant, U. S. Army: Sir: The n. Pillow, in his supplemental report, says: We sent up from Dover, 1,134 wounded. A Federal surgeon's certificate, which I have seen,he field or in the hospital at the fort, as he says: The village of Dover, which was within our lines, contained in every room in every houseified, during the 15th (Saturday), with a telegraphic dispatch from Dover, announcing a Rebel victory; somewhat tempered by reports from Bowl
t to die on the return. Gen. Wheeler, in chief command of Bragg's cavalry, 4,500 strong, with Forrest and Wharton as Brigadiers, passing Rosecrans's army by its right, concentrated his forces at Franklin, and pushed north-west-ward rapidly to Dover, near the site of old Fort Donelson, which our Generals had seen no reason to repair and occupy. But he found Feb. 3, 1863. Dover held by Col. A. C. Harding, 83d Illinois, with some 00 men fit for duty; his battery and one or two companies bDover held by Col. A. C. Harding, 83d Illinois, with some 00 men fit for duty; his battery and one or two companies being absent; but Harding proved the man for the exigency. He at once sent across to Fort Henry for assistance, and dispatched a steamboat down the Cumberland for gunboats; at the same time throwing out and deploying his men so as to impede to the utmost the advance of the Rebels, and opening upon them so soon as they came within range, with a 32-pounder and 4 brass guns, which were all lie had. Thus fighting with equal energy and judgment, he repelled alternate charges and invitations to surre
Chattanooga. Tenn., 638. Cherbourg, France, 646. Chesterfield Br., Va., 577. Clinch's Station, Tenn., 283. Coffeeville, Miss., 286. Columbia, Ark., 551. Columbus, Ga., 719. Congaree River, S. C., 699. Coosawhatchie, S. C., 463. Cosby Creek, Tenn., 623. Cumberland Gap,Tenn.,430. Cynthiana. Ky., 624. Dabney's Mill. Va., 726. Dam No. 1, York R., Va.,112. Dandridge. Tenn., 623. Deatonsville, Va., 740. Decatur, Ala., 678. Deep Bottom, Va., 589. Donaldsonville. La., 338. Dover, Tenn., 283. Droop Mountain, Va., 404. Dublin Station. W. Va., 600. Egypt, Miss., 695. Elizabethtown, Ky., 283. Emmnitsburg Road, Md.,389. Falling Waters, Md., 392. Falmouth, Va, 352. Farmington, Tenn., 433. Fayetteville, Ark., 448. do. (Curtis's), 561. Fayetteville, Ga., 633. Fort Blunt, I. T., 449. Fort De Russy, La., 537. Fort Gibson, I. T., 454 Fort Gilmer, Va., 593. Fort Gregg, Va., 734. Fort Harrison, Va., 593. Forts Jackson and St. Philip, La., 89. Fort M
ol. McPherson, and take a position on the roads from Fort Henry to Donelson and Dover. It will be the special duty of this command to prevent all reenforcements t across the country to a point on the road leading from the Fort to the town of Dover, on the Cumberland, for the purpose of preventing the enemy from receiving reinstrengthened by the arrival of a thousand cavalry, which they had sent for from Dover when our approach was first known. That they intended to fight, up to the verysts. At one angle of the encampment there is a road which leads to the town of Dover, on the Cumberland, twelve miles distant. The magazine is in the centre of the out of the intrenchment a motley, panic-stricken rabble, taking the road toward Dover. A portion jumped on board a small steamboat which was lying in the creek above; but being behind time, the fleet-footed rebels were far on their way towards Dover, when they got possession of the road in the rear of the intrenchments. A port
t my headquarters will be, for the present, in Dover. [Signed] S. B. Buckner, Brigadier-General Fort Donelson, and the fortifications near Dover, Tenn., on the fifteenth inst., by the First brigag the enemy's works, on the right, in front of Dover, by storm. The officers and men, though much was put in position on the road leading up to Dover, where the left of the enemy's lines rested beock Wednesday morning. The route lay along the Dover road, and as there had been no rain for the la will follow as rapidly as practicable, by the Dover road, and will be followed by the troops from e of the second division should be thrown into Dover to cut off all retreat by the river, if found ng on the Cumberland, at the southerly side of Dover, and the main fort, ran around on the top of t February, and landed at a little place called Dover, about a mile and a half from our stronghold, e Cumberland River, two miles from the town of Dover. The surrounding country is a succession of h[16 more...]
es were floating gaily from the loftiest bastion of the works; companies in blue were manoeuvring about the grounds; brass bands enlivened the air with everything but Dixie; clean white tents, and fine-looking soldiers covered the surroundings of Dover, and, in short, everything appeared as though determination, enterprise and go-aheadativeness had got possession of the place. All the way up to Clarksville we found evidences of loyalty among the scattered residences along the banks of the riay is ours!! Pillow, however, failed in his prognostication. His honor, apparently, is not worth speaking of. The only despatch that he can pride himself on is the despatch with which he, in company with the valiant Floyd, got himself out of Dover, danger, and the range of Yankee bullets. The despatch of the other sanguine individual is also liable to objection, both on account of its lack of truthfulness and its inelegant allusions. Instead of pickling the Nationals, the rebels became
Eight Union men Starved to Death.--A Fort Donelson correspondent states that the bodies of several Union men, on whom could be found no wounds, were discovered in Dover jail. It was supposed that they were either starved or poisoned, but all the rebels said they knew nothing about them. The Terre Haute Express, without apparently having heard the above particulars, states that one of the prisoners who passed through that place on Saturday, said that last summer eight Union men had been tascovered in Dover jail. It was supposed that they were either starved or poisoned, but all the rebels said they knew nothing about them. The Terre Haute Express, without apparently having heard the above particulars, states that one of the prisoners who passed through that place on Saturday, said that last summer eight Union men had been taken and confined at Dover, Tennessee, and literally starved to death! This atrocity deserves a thorough investigation. Cincinnati Gazette, February 25.
eport. The Navy Department has received the following: U. S. Gunboat Fairplay, off Dover, Tennessee, February 4, 1862. sir: I have the honor to report that on the third instant I left Smitiles below I met the Steamer Wild Cat with a message from Col. Harding, commander of the post at Dover, informing me that his pickets had been driven in, and he was attacked in force. I immediately orces. It has no advantages as a position, save to command the river below. The old village of Dover, nearly a mile farther up the river, has been partially fortified and occupied by our forces. Ison (commanding part of the First brigade) to rendezvous. Taking up the line of march thence to Dover, the command traversed nearly a hundred miles over miserable roads, in weather severely cold. T At two o'clock, February third, our troops came into possession before the outworks in front of Dover, the pickets and skirmishers of the enemy being driven in--(Old Donelson, you remember, is disma
ey deferred surrender for ten days. Fort Donelson was a fortified enclosure of a hundred acres that crowned a plateau on the Cumberland River. It was just south of the boundary between Kentucky and Tennessee and close by the little village of Dover, consisting of a court-house, a two-story tavern, and a few houses scattered about. Beneath the bluff and on the river bank were two powerful batteries commanding the approach to the river. Outside the Fort and stretching far along the ridges twaving banners the divisions of Smith and McClernand marched across country on February 12th, arriving at noon and encircling the doomed Fort ere nightfall. Smith was stationed on the left and McClernand on the extreme right, near the village of Dover. This left an open space in the center, to be filled by Lew Wallace, who arrived with his division the next day. On the 13th there was a continuous bombardment from morning till night, punctuated by the sharp crack of the sharpshooter's rifle.
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