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he main body of the army, as this point must be reached over a single practicable road passing through Hoover's Gap, a narrow way three miles in length, between high hills, and then through Matt's Hollow, a gorge two miles long, with scarce room anywhere for wagons to pass each other. These passes were occupied by the enemy, but eight miles from Hardee's headquarters, not more than sixteen miles from their left at Shelbyville. The plan was, therefore, to move General Granger's command to Triune, and thus create the impression of our intention to advance on them by the Shelbyville and Triune pikes, while cavalry movements and an infantry advance toward Woodbury would seem to be feints designed by us to deceive Bragg, and conceal our supposed real designs on their left when the topography and the roads presented comparatively slight obstacles and afforded great facilities for moving in force. Events proved that this had the desired effect; and accordingly Bragg called forward Buck
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 3., chapter 7.83 (search)
and gave the blessing. That evening Morgan and his command left Murfreesboro' on a raid toward Kentucky. Social recreation at Murfreesboro' at this time was at its zenith; Christmas was approaching. The young officers of our army were all bent on fun and gayety. Invitations were out for a ball on the day after Christmas.--D. U. sent dispatches in quick succession to headquarters reporting a general advance of Rosecrans's army. Soon all was bustle and activity. General Hardee's corps at Triune was ordered to Murfreesboro‘. Camps were at once broken up and everything was made ready for active service. On the 27th of December our army was moving. On Sunday, December 28th, Polk and Hardee met at General Bragg's headquarters to learn the situation and his plans. Rosecrans was advancing from Nashville with his whole army. Wheeler with his cavalry was so disposed at the moment as to protect the flanks, and, when pressed, to fall back toward the main army. Hardee's corps, consisti
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 3., The battle of Stone's River. (search)
n Bragg, then concentrated in the neighborhood of Murfreesboro‘, on Stone's River, Tenn. The three corps into which the army was organized moved by the following routes: General Crittenden by the Murfreesboro' turnpike, arriving within two miles of Murfreesboro' on the night of the 29th; General Thomas's corps by the Franklin and Wilkinson turnpikes, thence by cross-roads to the Murfreesboro' pike, arriving a few hours later; and General McCook's corps, marching by the Nolensville pike to Triune, and bivouacking at Overall's Creek on the same night. The forward movement had not been accomplished without some sharp fighting. The advance of Crittenden had a spirited action at La Vergne, and again at the Stewart's Creek bridge. McCook fought at Nolensville, and the cavalry, under General Stanley, found the march a continuous skirmish; but the Confederate advance pickets had fallen back upon the main line, where they rejoined their divisions. The armies were about equally matched.
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 2., Chapter 20: events West of the Mississippi and in Middle Tennessee. (search)
visions (fifteen thousand nine hundred and thirty-three men), along the Nolensville pike, toward Triune; Thomas, with two divisions (thirteen thousand three hundred and ninety-five men), by the Frankled that McCook, with Thomas's two divisions at Nolensville as a support, should attack Hardee at Triune, and if the latter should be beaten or should retreat, and the Confederates should meet the Natihville at noon, arrived at McCook's Headquarters. Hardee was reported to be in heavy force at Triune, seven miles in front of McCook, and there it was expected he would give battle the next morningavalry, to dispute the crossing of Wilson's Creek. These were soon driven, and McCook rested at Triune that night. Dec. 27, 1862. Crittenden, in the mean time, had driven the Confederates out of Lavss Roads, on his way to Murfreesboroa. On the following morning Dec. 29. McCook pushed on from Triune to Wilkinson's Cross Roads, six miles from Murfreesboroa, with an advanced brigade at Overall's
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 3., Chapter 4: campaign of the Army of the Cumberland from Murfreesboro'to Chattanooga. (search)
tion of McMinnville. The latter was to march much later than the other two, with Turchin's brigade of cavalry, while the remainder of Stanley's horsemen were thrown out on the right. General Gordon Granger's reserve corps, which had advanced to Triune, now moved forward in support of the corps of McCook and Thomas. Rosecrans's plans were quickly and successfully executed. McCook moved early in the morning June 24. toward Shelbyville, with Sheridan's division in advance, preceded by one ha captured, and the Gap was seized and held, against attempts to repossess it. While Rosecrans was securing these important mountain passes, other operations in accordance with his plan were equally successful. General Granger had started from Triune, on the extreme right, on the afternoon of the 23d, June, 1863. and sweeping rapidly on, encountering and pushing back the Confederates in several places, reached Christiana, on the road between Murfreesboroa and Shelbyville, without much troubl
as to bring him to a halt. Within two miles after passing our picket-line, our advance was resisted by heavy bodies of cavalry, well backed by infantry and artillery; who skirmished sharply and constantly, taking advantage of the continually increasing roughness of the country, which is in good part heavily wooded with forests of oak and dense thickets of cedar, rendering the movement slow and by no means bloodless. McCook, with our right, rested that night at Nolensville, and the next at Triune; Crittenden, with our left, advanced the first day to Lavergne, and the next to Stewart's creek, where Rosecrans seems to have expected that the Rebels might give him battle. The third day, being Sunday, our troops mainly rested. Next morning, MeCook pressed on to Wilkinson's Cross-Roads, six miles from Murfreesboroa; while Crittenden, with Palmer's division in advance, moved on the main Murfreesboroa pike to Stone river; finding the Rebel army in position along the bluffs across that stre
his entire division and secure it. On the 27th, Rosecrans had his headquarters in Manchester, with Thomas's corps around him; Sheridan, with the right division of McCook's corps, arriving next morning, and the rest of that corps during the 29th. The enemy, deceived and overpowered, had been forced back, with little more than smart, persistent skirmishing, to Fairfield. Manchester itself had been surprised by Wilder on the morning of that day. Granger had started June 23, 2 P. M. from Triune, on our extreme right, moving by Rover and Middleton, pushing back the enemy, by lively skirmishes at either place, to Christiana, on the road from Murfreesboroa to Shelbyville, where he was joined by Stanley; advancing June 27. thence on Guy's gap, covering Shelbyville, which was at first firmly held by the enemy; but, after two hours skirmishing, they suddenly fell back, as though they had been covering a retreat. Granger at once directed Stanley to advance his cavalry and clear the ga
was always liable to be cut off by the vigilant enemy which hovered around the flanks and rear of the raiding column. The cavalry of the Union Armies, including both Eastern and Western, lost 10,596 officers and men killed or mortally wounded in action, and about 26,490 wounded who survived. Cavalry Corps. (Armies of the West.) Stone's River, Tenn. McMinnville, Tenn. Pea Ridge, Ark. lone Jack, Mo. Prairie Grove, Mo. Streight's Raid Middleton, Tenn. Franklin, Tenn. Triune, Tenn. Shelbyville, Tenn. Jackson, Tenn. Sparta, Tenn. Canton, Miss. Grenada, Miss. Grierson's Raid Graysville, Ga. Chickamauga, Ga. Carter's Station, Tenn. Murfreesboro Road, Tenn. Farmington, Tenn. Blue Springs, Tenn. Byhalia, Miss. Wyatt's Ford, Miss. Maysville, Ala. Blountsville, Tenn. Sweetwater, Tenn. Moscow, Tenn. Cleveland, Tenn. Ripley, Miss. Salisbury, Tenn. Bean's Station, Tenn. Morristown, Tenn. Mossy Creek, Tenn. Dandridge, Tenn. Fair Gardens, Tenn. Arkad
3   K   11 11   10 10 137 Totals 11 129 140 2 119 121 1,554 Total of killed and wounded, 508. battles. K. & M. W. battles. K. & M. W. Shiloh, Tenn. 35 Lost Mountain, Ga. 2 Siege of Corinth, Miss. 2 Assault on Kenesaw, Ga. 12 Stone's River, Tenn. 36 Atlanta, Ga. 5 Liberty Gap, Tenn. 6 Jonesboro, Ga. 7 Rocky Face Ridge, Ga. 1 Averasboro, N. C. 6 Resaca, Ga. 10 Bentonville, N. C. 14 Rome, Ga. 1 Haywood, N. C. 1 Dallas, Ga. 2     Present, also, at Triune, Tenn.; Graysville, Ga.; Sherman's March to the Sea. notes.--Organized at Springfield September 7, 1861, and ordered to Kentucky in October, where it remained until February 14, 1862. It was then in Kirk's Brigade of Rousseau's Division. It fought at Shiloh — then in McCook's Division of Buell's Army — losing 15 killed and 112 wounded; Major Charles H. Levanway was killed in this action. The Thirty-fourth was present at the Siege of Corinth, after which it marched with the army through
General Dodge at Tuscumbia, started on a raid into Georgia to cut the enemy's communications. After heavy losses in skirmishes with Forrest's cavalry, and when near its destination, he was forced to surrender. On the twenty-second of May, Major-General Stanley made a raid upon Middleton, capturing eighty prisoners, three hundred horses, six hundred stand of arms, and other property. On the fourth of June, the rebel General Forrest made a raid on Franklin, and on the eleventh attacked Triune. His losses in these unsuccessful skirmishes were estimated at over one hundred, while ours was only seventeen killed and wounded. While General Grant was operating before Vicksburgh, information, deemed reliable, was received from captured rebel correspondence, that large detachments were being drawn from Bragg's army to reenforce Johnston in Mississippi. Reenforcements were sent to General Grant from other armies in the West, but General Rosecrans's army was left intact, in order that
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