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The Cambridge of eighteen hundred and ninety-six: a picture of the city and its industries fifty years after its incorporation (ed. Arthur Gilman) 2 0 Browse Search
Edward L. Pierce, Memoir and letters of Charles Sumner: volume 1 2 0 Browse Search
Lucius R. Paige, History of Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1630-1877, with a genealogical register 2 0 Browse Search
Cambridge sketches (ed. Estelle M. H. Merrill) 2 0 Browse Search
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he tree was one of the very earliest in Boston. The grand old patriarch witnessed and inspired many stirring scenes after that, during Revolutionary times, for the anti-tea party was organized here November 3, 1773, and the Sons of Liberty always met beneath its branches, or in the tavern close by, until it was cut down by a party of roistering British in 1775, when it supplied the Tories with fourteen cords of wood. The trees in the Granary Burying Ground were planted in 1830; those on Copp's Hill in 1843. Leaving Boston, our first thought turns naturally toward historic Cambridge, where we shall find many old trees. The first of these to pass before our mind's eye is the Washington elm. A monument set at its base bears this inscription, written by Longfellow: Under this tree Washington first took command of the American army, July 3, 1775. This is perhaps the best known of all living American trees, the most honored, and certainly one of our oldest trees. It is said that Wa
, 15. City Hall, Boston, 100. Clarendon Rill, 63, 64. Clark, —, 14. Clark, T, 12. Clark, Joseph H., 53. Clark, Mary A., 23. Class Day Tree, 6. Cleveland, H. W. S., 31, 33. Cobbet, E., 12. Coenonia Club, 86. Colburn, Joshua O., 16. Colburn's Mental Arithmetic, 25. Colby, Lewis, 48. College Avenue, 63, 85. Columbus Avenue, 55. Comstock's Chemistry, 98. Common Street, 81. Conant, 51. Conant, Peter, 18. Cook, A., 14. Cooke, S. N., 51. Cooper, J., 15. Copp's Hill, 5. Copps, Samuel, 10. Cordis Street, 93. Cost of Schools, 1838, 95. Cotton Hill, 2. Craigie House, Cambridge, 6. Crocker, —, 81. Cross Street, 57, 90. Crowninshield, Sarah M., 71. Cummings' First Lessons in Geography and Astronomy, 25. Curtis, David, 74. Curtis, H. K., 69. Curtis, Moses A., 23. Curtis, Otis, 85. Cutter, A., 13. Cutter, Charlotte. 75, 82, 83. Cutter, Eb., 14. Cutter, Edward, 13, 16. Cutter, Eliza Ann, 17, 72. Cutter, Fitch, 13, 96.
e marriage did not take place.] He was the business partner of his brother Amos in the manufacture of cotton and wool cards in this Precinct at the commencement of this century, and built and occupied the mansion now owned and occupied by Nathan Robbins. The card factory stood in rear of this house. He was selectman of Cambridge from 1803 to 1805; Representative, 1804 to 1806; and Senator in 1820 and 1821. 12. Gershom, s. of Thomas (3), d. in Boston, 1 Nov. 1795, a. 20; gravestone in Copp's Hill Bur. G. 13. William, S. of William (4), m. Anna Cutter, both of Chas., 2 Feb. 1796.—Cutter (par. 13). He o. c. Pct. ch. 24 Nov. 1799. Had Anna, bap. 24 Nov. 1799, m. (she of Chas.) Samuel Adams, of W. Camb., 26 May, 1822; Eleanor, bap. 5 July, 1801, d. 5 Oct. 1805, a. 4; William Augustus, bap. 24 Mar. 1805; Susan Francis, bap. 17 May, 1807, m. Pascal Sprague; Eleanor Sophia, bap. 25 Feb. 1810, m. John P. Daniels; George Washington, bap. 4 Oct. 1812; Thomas, bap. 16 June, 1816. See
line of circumvallation was already closed. As day dawned, the seamen were roused to action, and every one in Boston was startled from slumber by the cannon of the Lively playing upon the redoubt. Citizens of the town, and British officers, and tory refugees, the kindred of the insurgents, crowded to gaze with wonder and surprise at the small fortress of earth freshly thrown up, and the rebels, who were still plainly seen at their toil. A battery of heavy guns was forthwith mounted on Copp's Hill, which was directly opposite, at a distance of but twelve hundred yards, and an incessant shower of shot and bombs was rained upon the works; but Prescott, whom Gridley had forsaken, calmly considered how he could best continue his line of defence. At the foot of the hill on the north was a slough, beyond which an elevated tongue of land, having few trees, covered chiefly with grass, and intersected by fences, stretched away to the Mystic. Without the aid of an engineer, Prescott hims
retending that his flank- Chap. Xxxix} 1775. June 17. ing parties were annoyed from houses in the village, Howe sent a boat over with a request to Clinton and Burgoyne to burn it. The order was immediately obeyed by a discharge of shells from Copp's Hill. The inflammable buildings caught in an instant, and a party of men landed and spread the fire; but from the sudden shifting of the wind, the movements of the assailants were not covered by the smoke of the conflagration. At half past 2 o'ed over, when the left of Prescott would be turned, and he would be forced to surrender on finding the enemy in his rear. As they began to march, the dazzling lustre of a summer's sun was reflected from their burnished armor; the battery on Copp's Hill, from which Clinton and Burgoyne were watching every movement, kept up an incessant fire, which was seconded by the Falcon and the Lively, the Somerset and the two floating batteries; the town of Charlestown, consisting of five hundred edifice
gement. While the light infantry and a part of the grenadiers were left to continue the attack at the rail-fence, Howe concentrated the rest of his forces upon the redoubt. Cannon were brought to bear in such a manner as to rake the inside of the breastwork, from one end of it to the other, so that the Americans were obliged to crowd within their fort. Then the British troops, having disencumbered themselves of their knapsacks, advanced in column with fixed bayonets. Clinton, who from Copp's Hill had watched the battle, at this critical moment, and without orders, pushed off in a boat, and put himself at the head of two battalions, the marines and the forty-seventh, which seemed to hesitate on the beach as if uncertain what to do. These formed the extreme left of the British, and advanced from the south; the Chap. XL.} 1775. June 17. fifth, the thirty-eighth, and forty-third battalions formed the centre, and attacked from the east; on their right was the fifty-second with grenad
those of the enemy. From Prospect Hill he Chap. XLII.} 1775. July. took a comprehensive view of Boston and Charlestown. Of the latter town, nothing was to be seen but chimneys and rubbish. Above the ruins rose the tents of the great body of the British forces, strongly posted on Bunker Hill. Their sentries extended about one hundred and fifty yards beyond Charlestown Neck. On Breed's Hill there was a redoubt; two hundred men kept guard at Moultrie's Point; a battery was planted on Copp's Hill; three floating batteries lay in Mystic river; and a twenty-gun ship was anchored below the Charlestown ferry. The light horse and a few men were in the town of Boston; the remainder were on Roxbury Neck, where they were deeply intrenched and strongly fortified, with outposts so far advanced, that the sentries of the two armies could almost have conversed together. Of the inhabitants of Boston six thousand seven hundred and fifty three still remained in the town, pining of sorrow; dep
Medford Historical Society Papers, Volume 1., The Medford blacksmith of 1775. (search)
n defence of right, was fully aroused, and after closing his shop on the night of June 16 he informed his wife that on the morrow he should shoulder his gun, go to Bunker Hill, and do what he could for his country, even to the giving of his life if it became necessary. The morning of the 17th showed to the astonished Britishers in Boston the earthworks erected on Breed's Hill. The engagement, as we know, opened by the firing of guns from the fleet in the harbor and from the redoubt on Copp's Hill, Boston, the Americans reserving their fire until the British troops had landed in Charlestown and, marching up, had nearly reached the breastworks. All through the desperate fighting that followed the first attack, the tall and stalwart form of Harry Bond was conspicuous, first here and then there, exposing himself fearlessly. Step by step the patriots were obliged to retreat, stubbornly contesting the way, fighting with clubbed muskets when their ammunition had become exhausted. In
itor of the Register, to which he contributed a large number of valuable and important articles and genealogies, many of which have been reprinted. He contributed, in 1855, the genealogical portion of Brooks' History of Medford. In literary lines, wholly or in part, he edited in 1860 the works of William Mackworth Praed; in 1865 the Hutchinson Papers; in 1867 the Dunton Letters; in 1868 the American Genealogist; in 1869-74 the Andros Tracts; in 1870 the Massachusetts Civil List; in 1878 Copp's Hill Epitaphs; in 1882 the History of the Old State House. These are esteemed standards and do not include all of Mr. Whitmore's publications. Mr. Whitmore exercised a large and influential interest in the municipal affairs of Boston. For eight or ten years he was a member of the City Council, and in 1879 was its president. He was instrumental in establishing in 1875 the Boston Record Commission, of which he continued a member till death. In 1892 he was elected city registrar of births,
great Charlestown holiday, the anniversary of the Battle of Bunker Hill, 17 June, and was attended with great enthusiasm and the usual parade and festivities. At dawn of day thirteen guns, the number of the confederated states, were fired from Copps Hill in Boston, and Bunker Hill in Charlestown, as a federal salute. The bells in both towns were rung and the musical chimes of Christ Church in Salem street were pealed. A large procession of the proprietors, state officials, town officers and notables was formed at the Old State House, then the capitol. When the time came for moving, another federal salute was given from the Castle, and one from Copps Hill, as the cortege arrived at the draw of the bridge. Here the draw was fixed for their passage by Lemuel Cox, and the procession passed over it under a salute. On arriving at Charlestown it passed through the square and took its course to the battle ground of eleven years previous, and there received another salute of thirteen guns
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