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Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War: Volume 2., chapter 4.19 (search)
and were hurried through a number of little sleepy-looking villages of Maryland [see map, p. 124]. The next morning found us at Sandy Hook, about half a mile from Harper's Ferry; thence, after about three hours delay, we marched to a place opposite the promontory A sutler's tent. Based upon a War-time photograph. Harper's Ferry in 1862, from the North. Based upon a War-time photograph. on and around which is situated the picturesque village of Harper's Ferry, at the confluence of the Potomac and Shenandoah rivers. It was cold at our camping-place, between the canal and the river. There were no rations awaiting our arrival, and we were suffering from the hunger so common to soldiers. Who ever saw one off duty who was not in pursuit of something to eat? We couldn't get anything for love or money. We had at last reached a place where the people showed some of the distress incident to war, and a strong disinclination to feed or believe in us. We were grieved, but it couldn't b
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War: Volume 2., Stonewall Jackson in the Shenandoah. (search)
am No. 5, December 17th, and after four days labor a breach was made in the dam. On the 1st of January another force moved from Winchester, northward, the two columns uniting, and on the 4th instant the town of Bath was occupied, after being abandoned by a body of Union troops composed of cavalry, infantry, and artillery. Jackson followed the retreating Union troops to the river and promptly bombarded Hancock, Md., without, however, securing a surrender, and on the 7th he withdrew from the Potomac region toward Romney. On his approach the Union troops at that post evacuated without a struggle, yielding the town on January 10th. The Confederates now went into winter quarters along the south branch of the Potomac, at Romney and vicinity. Editors. The weather set in to be very inclement about New Year's, with snow, rain, sleet, high winds, and intense cold. Many in Jackson's command were opposed to the expedition, and as it resulted in nothing of much military importance, but was at
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 1., Chapter 2: preliminary rebellious movements. (search)
stem of labor; the elevation of the negro to social equality with the white man; and the destruction of Slavery, upon which, they alleged, had rested in the past, and must forever rest in the future, all substantial prosperity in the cotton-growing States. They held the Republican party responsible for John Brown's acts at Harper's Ferry, For the purpose of liberating the slaves of Virginia, John Brown, an enthusiast, with a few followers, seized Harper's Ferry, at the confluence of the Potomac and Shenandoah Rivers, in October, 1859, as a base. of operations. He failed. He was arrested by National and Virginia troops, and was hanged, in December following, by the authorities of Virginia. and declared that his raid was the forerunner of a general and destructive invasion of the Slavelabor States by the fanatical hordes of the North. They cited the publications and speeches of the Abolitionists of the North during the past thirty years; the legislation in the same section unfri
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 1., Chapter 22: the War on the Potomac and in Western Virginia. (search)
for them in ambush. These consisted of six hundred South Carolina infantry, a company of artillery, and two companies of cavalry, under Colonel Maxcy Gregg. Gregg was a leading member of the South Carolina Secession Convention (see pages 103 and 107). He entered the army, was promoted to brigadier-general, elected Governor of South Carolina, and was killed at Fredericksburg. Fort Gregg, on Morris Island, near Charleston, was named in his honor. They had been on a reconnoissance up the Potomac region as far as Dranesville, and, having come down to Vienna, had just torn up some of the railway and destroyed a water-tank, and were departing, when they heard the whistle of a locomotive engine below the village. They hastened to the curve of the railway, in a deep cut a quarter of a mile from the village, and there planted two cannon so as to sweep the road, and masked them. Unsuspicious of.danger, McCook and his men entered the deep cut. Contrary to orders, the engineer had run u
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 2., Chapter 18: Lee's invasion of Maryland, and his retreat toward Richmond. (search)
d Martinsburg, destroying the Baltimore and Ohio railroad much of the way, with Stuart lingering on his rear to cover that retreat, and to deceive McClellan by a show of numbers and vigor. Stuart recrossed the river at Williamsport on the same day, when he was driven back by General Couch with a heavy force of all arms. McClellan then sent General Williams to retake Maryland Heights; and two days later Sept. 22. General Sumner occupied Harper's Ferry, and threw pontoon bridges across the Potomac and Shenandoah rivers at that place. Lee rested a few days, and then moved leisurely up the Shenandoah Valley to the vicinity of Bunker's Hill and Winchester, breaking up the railway much of the distance between the latter place and Harper's Ferry. McClellan, meanwhile, had begun to call for re-enforcements and supplies, as prerequisites to a pursuit. His disorganized army needed re-organization. His cavalry force was greatly weakened by casualties in battle, fatigues, and a distemper
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 3., Chapter 1: operations in Virginia.--battle of Chancellorsville.--siege of Suffolk. (search)
s. of the Lower Mississippi, See the closing chapter of volume. II. those composing the Army of the Potomac were winning an equally important victory, July, 1863. not far from the banks of the Susquehannah, We left that army in charge of General Joseph Hooker, after sad disasters at Fredericksburg, encamped near the Rappahannock; Page 497, volume II. let us now observe its movements from that time until its triumphs in the conflict at Gettysburg, between the Susquehannah and the Potomac rivers. During three months after General Hooker took command of the army, no active operations were undertaken by either party in the strife, excepting in some cavalry movements, which were few and comparatively feeble. This inaction was caused partly by the wretched condition of the Virginia roads, and partly because of the exhaustion of both armies after a most fatiguing and wasting campaign. The Army of the Potomac, lying at Falmouth, nearly opposite Fredericksburg, when Hooker took th
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 3., Chapter 21: closing events of the War.--assassination of the President. (search)
entions from General Ord (who was in command there), and other officers. We visited and sketched the Capitol, Libby Prison, Castle Thunder, Belle Isle, and other places of interest connected with the Civil War, delineated on preceding pages of this work; also the fortifications in the immediate vicinity of the city. Then we went to Petersburg, by railway, where General Hartsuff was in command, with his Headquarters in the elegant Bolling mansion, which had been sadly shattered by the passage of a shell from the Union batteries. There we enjoyed the kind hospitalities of the general and his wife. He furnished us with horses, and an intelligent orderly as guide, and with these we rode over the marvelous net-work of fortifications, fresh from the hands of the builders, which enveloped Petersburg on the southern side of the Appomattox. From that shattered city we went, by railway, to City Point, and thence to Washington in a Government steamer, by way of the James and Potomac rivers.
122. thoughts suggested by the occasion, on the night of Thursday, July 4, 1861. by “J. C. B.” Night has enveloped in her robes the earth, And thousands in rejoicings unite, Commemorative of a Nation's birth, Which thrilled of yore each patriot with delight, And bade him hope that in this favored clime Freedom would bloom perennial through all time. Standing upon Potomac's verdant shore, I gaze upon these tributes to the day, And, whilst the rockets and the camp-fires pour A radiance almost rivalling night's sway, I ponder sadly on events which bring To every heart a shadow and a sting. Far more magnificent than all the show Which man conceited in his art would try, Behold the comet with mysterious glow Spreads its vast tail athwart the star-gemmed sky. This “heavenly messenger” by some astronomers is supposed to he the return of that known as “the Emperor Charles the Fifth,” but this is doubted and denied by others, and it seems to have come unbidden and taken the
Rebellion Record: a Diary of American Events: Documents and Narratives, Volume 3. (ed. Frank Moore), Doc. 90. battle of Bolivar Heights, Va. Fought October 16, 1861. (search)
s of Companies A, D, F, and G, of the Twenty-eighth Pennsylvania; C, I, and K, Thirteenth Massachusetts; A, C, and H, Third Wisconsin, aided by two amateurs, (Judge Daniel McCook and Benjamin G. Owens of Illinois,) were attacked by twenty-five hundred or more of the rebels, including the celebrated cavalry regiment of Colonel Ashby. The rebels had six pieces of artillery-four of them upon Loudon Heights south, and two upon Bolivar Heights west, upon the Charlestown road, midway between the Potomac and the Shenandoah Rivers, and a mile and a half back of the ferry. The rebels first drove in our pickets from Bolivar Heights, and then began a cross fire upon us, which lasted for several hours. Their cavalry charged into Bolivar, but were driven back by the Third Wisconsin boys, aided by shells from Capt. Tompkins' battery, which was upon the Maryland Heights east of the ferry. Two Wisconsin companies, led by Captain Henry Bertram, made a desperate charge upon the enemy's guns and t
s stormed. Let no knitting of mine be surrendered On a soldier afraid of the fight, Or be dropped by the way, or borne homeward, In some needless and panic-struck flight. The swift-rolling ball in my basket, Like destiny seems to unwind; One vision comes up as I widen, And one as I narrow and bind. Shall my sock be sent off to Missouri, For some of our brave Western boys? Or down to Port Royal and Beaufort, Where Sherman is making a noise? Or off to the old sea-girt Fortress,-- Or where, on Potomac's bright shore, There are regiments drilling and waiting For the word to go forward once more. Perchance this soft fabric, when finished, May cherish an invalid's foot; Or, in some wild scamper of horsemen, Lie hid in a cavalry boot. Perchance it may be taken prisoner, And down into Rebeldom borne; Peradventure — alas! the poor stocking-- It may by some rebel be worn! It may be cut through with a sabre; Its white top — woe's me!--be dyed red, And on the cold field of a battle May cover t
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