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Edward L. Pierce, Memoir and letters of Charles Sumner: volume 2 4 0 Browse Search
Frank Preston Stearns, Cambridge Sketches 4 0 Browse Search
James Parton, Horace Greeley, T. W. Higginson, J. S. C. Abbott, E. M. Hoppin, William Winter, Theodore Tilton, Fanny Fern, Grace Greenwood, Mrs. E. C. Stanton, Women of the age; being natives of the lives and deeds of the most prominent women of the present gentlemen 2 0 Browse Search
C. Suetonius Tranquillus, The Lives of the Caesars (ed. Alexander Thomson) 2 0 Browse Search
Sulpicia, Carmina Omnia (ed. Anne Mahoney) 2 0 Browse Search
The Daily Dispatch: January 30, 1865., [Electronic resource] 2 0 Browse Search
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Harvard Memorial Biographies 2 0 Browse Search
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Atlantic Essays 2 0 Browse Search
Cambridge History of American Literature: volume 3 (ed. Trent, William Peterfield, 1862-1939., Erskine, John, 1879-1951., Sherman, Stuart Pratt, 1881-1926., Van Doren, Carl, 1885-1950.) 2 0 Browse Search
Plato, Hippias Major, Hippias Minor, Ion, Menexenus, Cleitophon, Timaeus, Critias, Minos, Epinomis 2 0 Browse Search
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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Izard, Ralph (search)
Izard, Ralph Statesman; born near Charleston, S. C., in 1742; was educated at Cambridge, England, and in 1767 married a daughter of Peter De Lancey, of New York. They spent some time in Europe, and Mr. Izard was appointed by Congress commissioner to the Court of the Grand Duke of Tuscany, and resided in Paris, where he took sides with Arthur Lee against Silas Deane and Franklin (see Deane, Silas). He returned home in 1780; procured for General Greene the command of the Southern army, and pledged his large estates for the purchase of ships-of-war in Europe. He was in Congress in 1781-83, and in the United States Senate in 1789-95. Two years afterwards he was prostrated by paralysis. His intellect was spared, and he lived in comparative comfort about eight years, without pain, when a second shock ended his life, May 30, 1804.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Livingston, Edward 1764- (search)
se this as the theatre of their exploits. On this point we have a most persuasive example. In Tuscany, as we have seen, neither murder nor any other crime was punished with death for more than twenextremely rare, but the authority of the venerable Franklin for these conclusive facts: that in Tuscany, where murder was not punished with death, only five had been committed in twenty years, while able, he adds to this account, that the manners, principles, and religion of the inhabitants of Tuscany and of Rome are exactly the same. The abolition of death alone, as a punishment for murder, pr moral character of the two nations. From this it would appear, rather that the murderers of Tuscany were invited by the severe punishments in the neighboring territories of Rome, than those of Rome were attracted into Tuscany by their abolition. We have nothing to apprehend, then, from this measure; and if any ill effects should follow the experiment, it is but too easy to return to the sys
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Martinelli, Sebastian 1848- (search)
Martinelli, Sebastian 1848- Clergyman; born in Lucca, Tuscany, Aug. 20, 1848; was educated at the Seminary of Lucca, and at the College of St. Augustine, Rome; entered the Augustinian Order in 1863; was ordained to the Roman Catholic priesthood, March 4, 1871; elected priorgeneral of his order in 1889; and in 1896 was appointed papal delegate to the United States, to succeed Cardinal Satolli, and was consecrated a special archbishop. On April 15, 1901, he was raised to the cardinalate.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Mazzei, Philip 1730-1816 (search)
Mazzei, Philip 1730-1816 Patriot; born in Tuscany in 1730; was a practising physician at Smyrna for a while, and was engaged in mercantile business in London in 1755-73. He came to America in December, 1773, with a few of his countrymen, for the purpose of introducing into Virginia the cultivation of the grape, olive, and other fruits of Italy. He formed a company for the purpose. Jefferson was a member of it, and Mazzei bought an estate adjoining that of Monticello to try the experiment. He persevered three years, but the war and other causes made him relinquish his undertaking. Being an intelligent and educated man, he was employed by the State of Virginia to go to Europe to solicit a loan from the Tuscan government. He left his wife in Virginia, when he finally returned to Europe, in 1783, where she soon afterwards died. He revisited the United States in 1785, and in 1788 wrote a work on the History of politics in the United States, in 4 volumes. In 1792 Mazzei was ma
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Morse, Samuel Finley Breese 1791-1879 (search)
ross of Ss. Maurice and Lazarus, and from the King of Portugal he received the cross of the Order of the Tower and the Sword. A banquet was given him in London (1856) by British telegraph companies, and in Paris (1858) by the American colony, representing nearly every State in the Union. In the latter part of that year, after a telegraphic cable had been laid under the Atlantic Ocean (see Atlantic Telegraph), representatives of France, Russia, Sweden,. Belgium, Holland, Austria, Sardinia, Tuscany, the Papal States, and Turkey met in Paris, at the suggestion of the Emperor of the French, and voted to him about $80,000 in gold as a personal reward for his labors. In 1868 (Dec. 29) the citizens of New York gave him a public dinner, and in 1871 a bronze statue of him was erected in Central Park, N. Y., by the voluntary contributions of telegraph employes. William Cullen Bryant unveiled the statue in June, 1871, and that evening, at a public reception of the inventor at the Academy of
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Revolutionary War, (search)
vania Nov., 1776 Eight thousand British troops land and take possession of Rhode IslandNov. 28, 1776 Washington with his forces crosses the Delaware into PennsylvaniaDec. 8, 1776 Sir Peter Parker takes possession of Rhode Island, and blockades the American fleet at ProvidenceDec. 8, 1776 Maj.-Gen. Charles Lee captured by British at Baskingridge, N. J.Dec. 12 1776 Battle of Trenton, N. J. Dec. 26, 1776 Congress resolves to send commissioners to the courts of Vienna, Spain, Prussia, and Tuscany Dec. 30, 1776 Battle of Princeton Jan. 3, 1777 Washington's army encamps for the winter at Morristown Jan., 1777 Americans under General Maxwell capture Elizabethtown, N. J. Jan. 23, 1777 Letters of marque and reprisal granted by England against American shipsFeb. 6, 1777 Five vessels belonging to a British supply fleet are sunk near Amboy, N. J. Feb. 26, 1777 Vermont declares itself an independent State, Jan., 1777, and presents a petition to Congress for admission into the confedera
l pipe around an inclined axis; the lower end is submerged in the water and the upper end discharges. Strabo refers to a water-raising machine of this kind, used to supply the garrison of the Memphite Babylon, on the Nile, and worked by 150 men. It was also used as a draining pump by the Turdetani of Iberia in the time of Strabo. This was the country of the Guadalquiver. See screw, Archimedean. Ar′chi-tecture. The classic orders are five: Doric, Ionic and Corinthian (Greek); Tuscan and Composite (Roman). The more modern is Gothic, which has several varieties: Anglo-Roman, B. C. 55 to A. D. 250; Anglo-Saxon, A. D. 800 to 1066; Anglo-Norman, 1066 to 1135; Early English or Pointed, 1135 to 1272; Pure Gothic, 1272 to 1377; Florid, 1377 to 1509; Elizabethan, 1509 to 1625. The subject is copiously and admirably treated in many excellent works. Its interest in a work of this character is not as an art, but as requiring machinery to hew and shape the stones, construct the fo
den stakes to resist the encroachment of the sea. Boul′der-ing-stone. (Metal-working.) A smooth flint stone, used by cutlers to smooth down the faces of glazers and emery-wheels. Boul′der-pav′ing. Paving with round waterworn boulders, set on a graded bottom of gravel. Boul′der-wall. (Masonry.) One made of boulders or flints set in mortar. Boul′tine. (Architecture.) A convex molding, whose periphery is a quarter of a circle, next below the plinth in the Doric and Tuscan orders. Bound. The path of a shot comprised between two grazes. See ricochet-firing. Boun′da-ry-line. (Shipbuilding.) The trace of the outer surface of the skin of a ship on the stem, keel, and stern-post. It corresponds with the outer edge of the rabbet in those parts of the structure. Bourdon Ba-rom′e-ter. The metallic barometer invented by Bourdon, of Paris, 1849, consists of an elastic flattened tube of metal bent to a circular form and exhausted of a
core of a faucet does to the casting itself. Co-rec′tome. Coretome. An instrument for cutting through the iris to form an artificial pupil. An iridectome (which see). Corf. (Mining.) 1. A basket to carry coal or ore. A corve. 2. A square frame of wood to carry coals on. 3. A sled or low-wheeled wagon in a mine, to convey coal or ore from the miners to the bottom of the shaft. Cork. The bark of the evergreen oak (Quercus suber). It grows in the South of France, in Tuscany, Spain, Portugal, and Algeria. The tree sheds its abundant bark naturally, but this produce is valueless commercially. The cork-tree at the age of twenty-five years is barked for the first time. A circular incision is first made through the bark near the ground, and another, also around the tree, close by the branches. These cuts are followed by others equally deep, made longitudinally, and dividing the bark into broad planks. The tree is then left: the sap has been stopped from circ
shing pottery, and applied by him to different products exhibited at the Champ de Mars (Group III. Class XVII., Italian Section). The following are the ingredients and their proportion to be fritted: Carbonate of soda, 1.000; boracic acid, from Tuscany, 0.800; kaolin, 0.125; carbonate of line, 0.250; sulphate of lime, 0.250; crystallized felspar, 0.750; quartz from the Tessin, 0.280; fluate of lime, 0.150. Manganese of Piedmont is added to obtain the desired tint. The whole frit is ground fi Another was a structure raised on wooden columns. Egyptian granaries. In Thrace, Cappadocia, Spain, and Africa, grain was laid up in pits lined with chaff. Caverns and eisterns were used in Palestine. A similar practice yet prevails in Tuscany. Grand-ac′tion. A piano-forte action, in which three features are combined: 1, a hammer to strike the string; 2, a hopper to elevate the hammer, and then escaping therefrom leave the latter instantly to fall away from the string, independe
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