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Browsing named entities in Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing). You can also browse the collection for Oxford (United Kingdom) or search for Oxford (United Kingdom) in all documents.

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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Davenport, John, 1597-1670 (search)
Davenport, John, 1597-1670 Colonist; born in Coventry, England, in 1597. Educated at Oxford, he entered the ministry of the Established Church. He finally became a Non-conformist, was persecuted, and retired to Holland, where he engaged in secular teaching in a private school. He returned to London and came to America in June, 1637, where he was received with great respect. The next year he assisted in founding the New Haven colony, and was one of the chosen seven pillars (see New Haven). He concealed Goffe and Whalley, two of the regicides, in his house, and by his preaching induced the people to protect them from the King's commissioners sent over to arrest them (regicides). In 1668 he was ordained minister of the first church in Boston, and left New Haven. He was the author of several controversial pamphlets, and of A discourse about Civil government in a New plantation. He died in Boston, March 15, 1670.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Edward vii., Albert Edward, 1841- (search)
Edward vii., Albert Edward, 1841- King of Great Britain and Emperor of India; born in Buckingham Palace, Nov. 9, 1841; eldest son of Queen Victoria and the Prince Consort; created Prince of Wales and Earl of Chester a month after his birth; educated by private tutors, at Christ Church, Oxford, and at Cambridge. In 1860, under the guidance of the Duke of Newcastle, he visited the United States, where he received an enthusiastic welcome. President Buchanan and his official family extended to him a grand entertainment at the national capital, and the cities which he visited vied with one another in paying him high honors. The courtesies so generously extended to him laid the foundation for the strong friendship which he always afterwards manifested for Americans. After this trip he travelled in Germany, Italy, and the Holy Land. In 1863 he married the Princess Alexandra, daughter of Christian IV., King of Denmark, and after his marriage he made prolonged tours in many foreign c
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Fairfax, Thomas 1691-1781 (search)
Fairfax, Thomas 1691-1781 Sixth Baron of Cameron; born in England in 1691; educated at Oxford; was a contributor to Addison's Spectator, and finally, soured by disappointments, quitted England forever, and settled on the vast landed estate in Virginia which he had inherited from his mother, daughter of Lord Culpeper. He built a lodge in the midst of 10,000 acres of land, some of it arable and excellent for grazing, where he resolved to build a fine mansion and live a sort of Thomas Fairfax. hermit lord of a vast domain. He was at middle age when he came to America. He never built the great mansion, but lived a solitary life in the lodge he had built, which he called Greenway Court. There Washington first met him and became a frequent visitor, for Fairfax found him a bright young man, a good hunter, in Greenway Court. which sport he himself loved to engage, and useful to him as a surveyor of his lands. He became very fond of the young surveyor, who was a loved companion
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Fry, Joshua 1754-1754 (search)
Fry, Joshua 1754-1754 Military officer; born in Somersetshire, England; educated at Oxford, and was professor of mathematics in the College of William and Mary, in Virginia. He served in public civil life in Virginia, and in 1754 was intrusted with the command of an expedition against the French on the head-waters of the Ohio. He died at a place at the mouth of Will's Creek (now Cumberland), Md., while conducting the expedition, May 31, 1754. He had been colonel of the militia (1750) and a member of the governor's council. When Frye died, the command of the expedition to the Ohio was assumed by George Washington, who had been second in command.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Gibbon, Edward 1737- (search)
Gibbon, Edward 1737- Historian; born in Putney, Surrey, England, April 27, 1737; was from infancy feeble in physical constitution. His first serious attempt at authorship was when he was only a youth—a treatise on the age of Sesostris. He was fond of Oriental research. Reading Bossuet's Variations of Protestantism and Exposition of Catholic doctrine, he became a Roman Catholic, and at length a free-thinker. He was a student at Oxford when he abjured Protestantism, and was expelled. He read with avidity the Latin, Greek, and French classics, and became passionately fond of historical research. He also studied practically the military art, as a member of the Hampshire militia, with his father. In 1751 he published a defence of classical studies against the attacks of the French philosophers. In 1764 he went to Rome, and studied its antiquities with delight and seriousness, and there he conceived the idea of writing his great work, The decline and fall of the Roman Empire. It
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Gilbert, Sir Humphrey 1539- (search)
Gilbert, Sir Humphrey 1539- Navigator; born at Compton, near Dartmouth, England, in 1539; half-brother of Sir Walter Raleigh. Finishing his studies at Eton and Oxford, he entered upon the military profession; and being successful in suppressing a rebellion in Ireland in 1570, he was made commander-in-chief and governor of Munster, and was knighted by the lorddeputy. Returning to England soon after wards, he married a rich heiress. In Sir Humphrey Gilbert. 1572 he commanded a squadron of nine ships to reinforce an armament intended for the recovery of Flushing; and soon after his return he published (1576) a Discourse of a discoverie for a New Pas-Sage to Cathaia and the East Indies. He obtained letters-patent from Queen Elizabeth, dated June 11, 1578, empowering him to discover and possess any lands in North America then unsettled, he to pay to the crown one-fifth of all gold and silver which the countries he might discover and colonize should produce. It invested him with
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Government, instrument of. (search)
by the Chancellor, Keeper, or Commissioners of the Great Seal; that then the Parliament shall, as often as such failure shall happen, assemble and be held at Westminster, in the usual place, at the time prefixed, in manner and by the means hereafter expressed; that is to say, that the sheriffs of the several and respective counties, sheriffdoms, cities, boroughs, and places aforesaid, within England, Wales, Scotland, and Ireland, the Chancellors, Masters, and Scholars of the Universities of Oxford and Cambridge, and the Mayor and Bailiffs of the borough of Berwick-upon-Tweed, and other places aforesaid respectively, shall at the several courts and places to be appointed as aforesaid, within thirty days after the said fifteen days, cause such members to be chosen for their said several and respective counties, sheriffdoms, universities, cities, boroughs, and places aforesaid, by such persons, and in such manner, as if several and respective writs of summons to Parliament under the Gre
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Grand remonstrance, the. (search)
s of that State being not so contrary to the good of religion and the prosperity of this kingdom as those of Spain; and the Papists of England, having been ever more addicted to Spain than France, yet they still retained a purpose and resolution to weaken the Protestant parties in all parts, and even in France, whereby to make way for the change of religion which they intended at home. 1. The first effect and evidence of their recovery and strength was the dissolution of the Parliament at Oxford, after there had been given two subsidies to His Majesty, and before they received relief in any one grievance many other more miserable effects followed. 2. The loss of the Rochel fleet, by the help of our shipping, set forth and delivered over to the French in opposition to the advice of Parliament, which left that town without defence by sea, and made way not only to the loss of that important place, but likewise to the loss of all the strength and security of the Protestant religion o
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Harriott, Thomas 1560-1621 (search)
Harriott, Thomas 1560-1621 Astronomer, historian, and friend of Sir Walter Raleigh; born in Oxford, England, in 1560. In 1585 he accompanied Raleigh's expedition to Virginia, under Grenville, as historian, and most of the knowledge of that expedition is derived from Harriott's account. He was left there by Grenville, and remained a year, making observations; and from the pencil of With, an artist, he obtained many useful drawings. Harriott labored hard to restrain the cupidity of his companions, who were more intent upon finding gold than tilling the soil. While Governor Lane declared that Virginia had the goodliest soil under the cope of heaven, and if Virginia had but horses and kine, and were inhabited by English, no realm in Christendom were comparable to it, he utterly neglected the great opportunity. Harriott saw that the way to accomplish that object was to treat the Indians kindly, as friends and neighbors; and he tried to quench the fires of revenge which the crue
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Hartley, David 1729-1813 (search)
Hartley, David 1729-1813 Politician; born in England in 1729; educated at Oxford, he became a member of Parliament, in which he was always distinguished by liberal views. He opposed the American war, and was appointed one of the British commissioners to treat for peace with Franklin at Paris. He was one of the first advocates in the House of Commons for the abolition of the slave-trade, and was an ingenious inventor. He died in Bath, England, Dec. 19, 1813.
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