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Pliny the Elder, The Natural History (ed. John Bostock, M.D., F.R.S., H.T. Riley, Esq., B.A.) 1 1 Browse Search
M. Tullius Cicero, Letters to and from Quintus (ed. L. C. Purser) 1 1 Browse Search
E. T. Merrill, Commentary on Catullus (ed. E. T. Merrill) 1 1 Browse Search
Aeschines, Speeches 1 1 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 60 BC or search for 60 BC in all documents.

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Fla'vius 7. L. Flavius was tribune of the people in B. C. 60; and on the suggestion of Pompey, he brought forward an agrarian law, which was chiefly intended to benefit the veterans of Pompey, who at the same time very warmly supported the law. It was owing to the favour of Pompey, which he thus acquired, that in B. C. 59 he was elected praetor for the year following. His friendship with Cicero seems likewise to have arisen from his connection with Pompey; and Cicero strongly recommended him to his brother Quintus, who was praetor in Asia, where some bequest had been left to Flavius. Pompey had entrusted to his care young Tigranes of Armenia, but P. Clodius afterwards got possession of hin, and Flavius tried in vain to recover the young prince. Cicero expressly mentions that Flavius was also a friend of Caesar, and hence it is not improbable that he may be the same as the Flavius whom Caesar, in B. C. 49, entrusted with one lesion and the province of Sicily. (Cic. Att. 1.18, 19, 2.1,
Fonteius 6. P. Fonteius, a youth of obscure family, whom P. Clodius Pulcher [CLAUDIUS, No. 40.] chose for his adopted father, when, in order to qualify himself for the tribunate of the plebs, he passed at the end of B. C. 60, from the patrician house of the Claudii to the plebeian Fonteii. The whole proceeding was illegal and absurd. Fonteius was married and had three children, therefore there was no plea for adoption; he was scarcely twenty years old, while Clodius was thirty-five ; the rogation was hurried through, and the auspices were slighted. After the ceremony was completed, the first paternal act of Fonteius was to emancipate his adopted son. (Cic. pro Dom. 13, Harusp. Respons. 27.)
sius showed such zeal for the former, that he was nearly being murdered by the hired ruffians of Clodius (Cic. pro Milon. 14). In B. C. 61 Pompey returned victorious from the Mithridatic war. He found he could no longer command a party of his own. He must side with one of the two factions which had been fully formed during his absence in the East--the old party of the optimates and the new popular party, led by Caesar and Crassus, who used Clodius as their instrument. Hence followed (ill B. C. 60) the coalition of Pompey with Caesar and Crassus (erroneously called the first triumvirate). Hortensius now drew back from public life, seeing probably that his own party must yield to the arts and power of the coalition, and yet not choosing to forsake it. From this time to his death (in B. C. 50) he confined himself to his advocate's duties. He defended Flaccus, accused of extortion in Asia, jointly with Cicero, and took occasion to extol the acts of the latter in his consulship (ad Att.
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), Lentulus or Lentulus Spinther (search)
it on his coins when pro-praetor in Spain, simply to distinguish himself from the many of the same family (Eckhel, l.c.); and his son bore it after him. He was curule aedile in B. C. 63, the year of Cicero's consulship, and was entrusted with the care of the apprehended conspirator, P. Lent. Sura (No. 18). His games were long remembered for their splendour; but his toga, edged with Tyrian purple, gave offence. (Sal. Cat. 47; Cic. de Off. 2.16; Plin. Nat. 9.63, 36.12, (7).) He was praetor in B. C. 60: at the Apollinarian games he, for the first time, drew an awning over the theatre (carbasina vela, Plin. Nat. 19.6), and ornamented the scenes with silver. (V. Max. 2.4.6.) By Caesar's interest he obtained Hither Spain for his next year's province, where he remained into part of 58. (Caes. B. C. i 22; Cic. Fam. 1.9.4, &c.) He returned to become candidate for the consulship, when he was elected again, by Caesar's support. (Caes. l.c.) But on the very day of his entering office, 1 Jan. B.
Lentulus 25. Cn. Cornelius Lentulus Clodianus, son of the last. In B. C. 60, he was sent with Metellus Creticus and L. Flaccus, to check the apprehended inroad of the Swiss into the province of Gaul; but their services were not required. (Cic. Att. 1.19, 20.)
so angry with Atticus that he would not listen to any overtures. It appears that M. Sallustius was in some way or other involved in the quarrel. (Cic. ad Aft. 1.3.3, 5.5, 10.2, 11.1, 14.7) In B. C. 63 Lucceius accused Catiline, after the latter had failed in his application for the consulship. The speeches which he delivered against Catiline, were extant in the time of Asconius, who characterises Lucceius as an orator, paractus eruditusque (Ascon. in Tog. Cand. pp. 92, 93, ed. Orelli). In B. C. 60 he became a candidate for the consulship, along with Julius Caesar, who agreed to support him in his canvass, on the understanding that Lucceius, who was very wealthy, should promise money to the electors in their mutual names; but he lost his election in consequence of the aristocracy using every effort to bring in Bibulus, as a counterpoise to Caesar's influence (Suet. Jul. 19; Cic. Att. 1.17.11, 2.1.9). Lucceius seems now to have withdra wn from public life and to have devoted himself to
Melea'ger (*Mele/agros), son of Eucrates, the celebrated writer and collector of epigrams, was a native of Gadara in Palestine, and lived about B. C. 60. Works There are 131 of his epigrams in the Greek Anthology, written in a good Greek style, though somewhat affected, and distinguished by sophistic acumen and amatory fancy. (Brunck, Anal. vol. i. pp. 1-38; Jacobs, Anth. Graec. vol. i. pp. 1-40, vol. xiii. pp. 639, 698, 915, 916; Fabric. Bibl. Graec. vol. iv. pp. 416-420.) Editions Besides the various editions of the Greek Anthology, there are separate editions of the epigrams of Meleager, for which see Fabricius. Further Information An account of his *Ste/fanos, or collection of epigrams, is given under PLANUDES. [P.
Me'mmius 8. C. Memmius Gemellus, L. F., son of No. 6, was tribune of the plebs in . 100.66, when he opposed the demand of L. Lucullus for a triumph, on his return from the Mithridatic war. (Plut. Luc. 37.) Memmius was a man of profligate character. He wrote indecent poems (Plin. Ep. 5.3; Ovid. Trist. 2.433; Gel. 19.9), made overtures to Cn. Pompey's wife (Suet. Ill. Gr. 14), and, when curule aedile, in B. C. 60, seduced the wife of M. Lucullus, whence Cicero, combining this intrigue with Memmius's previous hostility to I,. Lucullus, calls him a Paris, who insulted not only Menelaus (M. Lucullus), but Agamemnon also (L. Lucullus). (Cic. ad Att.1.18.3; comp. V. Max. 6.1.13.) Memmius was praetor in B. C. 58. (Cic. ad Quint. Fr. 1.2, 5, 15.) He belonged at that time to the Senatorian party, since he impeached P. Vatinius, consul in B. C. 47 (Cic. in Vatin. 14); opposed P. Clodius (id. ad Att. 2.12); and was vehement in his invectives against Julius Caesar (Suet. Jul. 23, 49, 73; Schol. B
cynic philosophers who threw all their teaching into a satirical form. In this character he is several times introduced by Lucian, who in one place speaks of him as tw=n palaiw=n kunw=n ma/la u(laktiko\n ka/rxaron (Bis Accus. 33). Even in the time of Diogenes, his works were somewhat uncertain; and they are now entirely lost: but we have considerable fragments of Varro's Saturae Menippeae, which were written in imitation of Menippus. (Cic. Ac. 1.2, 8; Gel. 2.18; Macr. 1.11.) The recent edition of the fragments of Varro by Oehler contains a short but excellent dissertation on the date of Menippus, whom he places at B. C. 60. The works of Menippus were, according to Diogenes (6.101), thirteen in number, namely,-- *Nekui/a *Diaqh=kai *)Epistola kekomyeume/nai a)po\ tou= tw=n qew=n prosw/pou pro\s tou\s fusikou\s kai\ maqhmatikou\s kai\ grammatikou\s kai\ gona\s )Epikou/rou kai\ ta\s qrhskruome/nas u(p' au\tw=n ei)ka/das and others. Further Information Comp. Menag. Obserrv. in loc.
Metellus 20. Q. CAECILIUS Q. F. Q.N. METELLUS CELER, consul B. C. 60, was son of Nepos, consul B. C. 98. [No. 16.] The latter was most probably his father, but his descent has given rise to much dispute. Cicero and Asconiuis both call Metellus Celer the frater of the younger Metellus Nepos [No. 21], and Asconius states that the latter was the son of the elder Nepos [No. 16], the grandson of Balearicus [No. 7], and the great-grandson of Macedonicus [No. 5]. (Cic. Fam. 5.1, 2; Ascon. in Cornel. pem to pay a smaller sum for the farming of the taxes in Asia than they had agreed to give. Their request was accordingly refused, but was subsequently granted, in B. C. 59, by Caesar, who brought forward a bill in the comitia for the purpose. In B. C. 60, Metellus was consul with L. Afranius, who was a creature of Pompey, and had been raised to this dignity by Pompey's influence. Pompey was anxious to obtain the ratification of his acts in Asia, and an assignment of lands for his soldiers; but A
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