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West Point (Georgia, United States) (search for this): chapter 18.114
Indiana cavalry, the enemy were kept occupied till the arrival of the balance of the brigade. Having thoroughly reconnoitered the ground, detachments of the 1st Wisconsin, 2d Indiana, and 7th Kentucky cavalry dismounted and prepared to assault Fort Tyler, covering the bridge. Colonel La Grange describes it as a remarkably strong bastioned earth-work, 35 yards square, surrounded by a ditch 12 feet wide and 10 feet deep, situated on a commanding eminence, protected by an imperfect abatis, and mo eastward. In addition to this, troops from the First and Second divisions were directed to watch the Flint River crossings, and small parties were stationed at the principal railroad stations from Atlanta to Eufala, as well as at Columbus and West Point and Talladega. By these means I confidently expected to arrest all large parties of fugitives and soldiers, and by a thorough system of scouts hoped to obtain timely information of the movements of important personages. For an account of th
Flint River, Ala. (Alabama, United States) (search for this): chapter 18.114
g with the Fourth Division and extending southward to this place. Colonel Minty, commanding the Second Division, was directed to extend his troops along the line of the Ocmulgee and Altamaha rivers as far as Jacksonville. General McCook, with about five hundred men of his division, was sent to Tallahassee, Florida, with orders to receive the surrender of the rebels in that State and to watch the country to the north and eastward. In addition to this, troops from the First and Second divisions were directed to watch the Flint River crossings, and small parties were stationed at the principal railroad stations from Atlanta to Eufala, as well as at Columbus and West Point and Talladega. By these means I confidently expected to arrest all large parties of fugitives and soldiers, and by a thorough system of scouts hoped to obtain timely information of the movements of important personages. For an account of the movements of Jefferson Davis and his cabinet, see notes pp. 763 and 766.
Newsome Springs (Alabama, United States) (search for this): chapter 18.114
ast. By starting on diverging roads the enemy was left in doubt as to our real object, and compelled to watch equally Columbus, Tuscaloosa, and Selma. The command moved southward in three columns [see map, p. 414], General Emory Upton's division by Barton's Station, Russellville, and Mount Hope to Jasper, near the Black Warrior River; General Eli Long's, by Cherokee Station, Frankfort, and Thorn Hill to the same point; while General Edward M. McCook's, following Long's route as far as Bear Creek, continued southward to Eldridge, thence moving east to Jasper. From Jasper the whole command moved across the two forks of the Black Warrior and were directed on Montevallo via Elyton. At Elyton, on the evening of the 30th, I directed General McCook to detach Croxton's brigade, with orders to move on Tuscaloosa as rapidly as possible, burn the public stores, military school, bridges, foundries, and factories at that place, return toward the main column by way of the Centreville road,
Talladega (Alabama, United States) (search for this): chapter 18.114
g with the Fourth Division and extending southward to this place. Colonel Minty, commanding the Second Division, was directed to extend his troops along the line of the Ocmulgee and Altamaha rivers as far as Jacksonville. General McCook, with about five hundred men of his division, was sent to Tallahassee, Florida, with orders to receive the surrender of the rebels in that State and to watch the country to the north and eastward. In addition to this, troops from the First and Second divisions were directed to watch the Flint River crossings, and small parties were stationed at the principal railroad stations from Atlanta to Eufala, as well as at Columbus and West Point and Talladega. By these means I confidently expected to arrest all large parties of fugitives and soldiers, and by a thorough system of scouts hoped to obtain timely information of the movements of important personages. For an account of the movements of Jefferson Davis and his cabinet, see notes pp. 763 and 766.
Randolph (Alabama, United States) (search for this): chapter 18.114
g Montevallo, March 31st, Upton met a force under General P. D. Roddey disputing the road to Randolph. Two engagements ensued, and Roddey was driven back. At Randolph General Upton captured a rebel courier just from Centreville, and from his person took two dispatches, one from Brigadier-General W. H. Jackson, commanding one o Selma, encountering several detachments of Forrest's cavalry on the way. At Ebenezer Church, Forrest's right wing was found in position, covering the roads from Randolph and Old Maplesville, with a force estimated by General Wilson at five thousand. General Thomas Jordan, in Campaigns of Forrest's cavalry, states that the Conflle. By rapid marching, without opposition, the troops were all in sight of the town, and mostly in position, by 4 P. M. General McCook had been detached at Randolph to guard the right rear and, if possible, connect with Croxton, who was still west of the Cahawba. Long and Upton, with their men dismounted, carried the works
Marion, Alabama (Alabama, United States) (search for this): chapter 18.114
wagons and artillery of the rebel cavalry, marching from Tuscaloosa via Trion toward Centreville, had encamped the night before at Hill's plantation, three miles beyond Scottsboro‘; that Croxton [Union], with the brigade detached at Elyton, had struck Jackson's rear-guard at Trion and interposed himself between it and the train; that Jackson had discovered this, and intended to attack Croxton at daylight of April 1st. I learned from the other dispatch that Chalmers had also arrived at Marion, Alabama, and had been ordered to cross to the east side of the Cahawba near that place for the purpose of joining Forrest in my front, or in the works at Selma. I also learned that a force of dismounted men was stationed at Centreville, with orders to hold the bridge over the Cahawba at that place as long as possible, and in no event to let it fall into our hands. Wilson now pushed on toward Selma, encountering several detachments of Forrest's cavalry on the way. At Ebenezer Church, Forres
Plantersville (Alabama, United States) (search for this): chapter 18.114
ering the roads from Randolph and Old Maplesville, with a force estimated by General Wilson at five thousand. General Thomas Jordan, in Campaigns of Forrest's cavalry, states that the Confederate force at Ebenezer Church numbered 1500.--editors. Long's division advanced to the attack, and, reenforced by Alexander's brigade, of Upton's division, carried the position, the report says, in less than an hour, the enemy retreating toward Selma. The whole corps bivouacked at sundown about Plantersville, nineteen miles from Selma. With almost constant fighting the enemy had been driven since morning twenty-four miles. At daylight of the 2d [of April] Long's division took the advance, closely followed by Upton's. Having obtained a well-drawn sketch and complete description of the defenses of Selma, I directed General Long, marching by the flanks of brigades, to approach the city and cross to the Summerville [Summerfield] road without exposing his men, and to develop his line as soon as
Alabama (Alabama, United States) (search for this): chapter 18.114
Wilson's raid through Alabama and Georgia. see General James H. Wilson's article, the Union cavalry in the Hood campaign, p. 465.--editors. In the spring of 1865 the cavalry corps commanded by General James H. Wilson was encamped at Gravelly Springs and Waterloo, Alabama [see map, p. 414], on the north bank of the Tennessee of five or six thousand cavalry for the purpose of making a demonstration upon Tuscaloosa and Selma in favor of General Canby's operations against Mobile and Central Alabama. [See p. 411.] . . . The instructions of Lieutenant-General Grant, transmitted to me by General Thomas, allowed me the amplest discretion as an independent cther time in crossing to the south side of the Alabama. I had also satisfied myself in the meantime that Canby had an ample force to take Mobile and march to central Alabama. On the 8th and 9th the entire cavalry corps, excepting Croxton's brigade, crossed the Alabama, and General Wilson, believing that he had rendered Selma v
Augusta (Georgia, United States) (search for this): chapter 18.114
rebel forces east of the Chattahoochee, and the next day, by the hands of Colonel [F. B.] Woodall, the order of the Secretary of War annulling the first armistice, directing a resumption of hostilities and the capture of the rebel chiefs. I had been previously advised of [Jefferson] Davis's movements, and had given the necessary instructions to secure a clue to the route he intended following, with the hope of finally effecting his capture. I directed General Upton to proceed in person to Augusta, and ordered General Winslow, with the Fourth Division, to march to Atlanta for the purpose of carrying out the terms of the convention, as well as to make such a disposition of his forces, covering the country northward from Forsyth to Marietta, so as to secure the arrest of Jefferson Davis and party. I directed General Croxton, [then] commanding the First Division, to distribute it along the line of the Ocmulgee, connecting with the Fourth Division and extending southward to this place.
Alabama river (Alabama, United States) (search for this): chapter 18.114
was still west of the Cahawba. Long and Upton, with their men dismounted, carried the works at a single charge. The fortifications assaulted and carried consisted of a bastioned line, on a radius of nearly three miles, extending from the Alabama River below to the same above the city. The part west of the city is covered by a miry, deep, and almost impassable creek; that on the east side by a swamp extending from the river almost to the Summerfield road, and entirely impracticable for mouofficers; a number of colors, and immense quantities of stores of every kind. Generals Forrest, Armstrong, Roddey, and Adams escaped, with a number of men, under cover of darkness, either by the Burnsville and River roads, or by swimming the Alabama River. A portion of Upton's division pursued on the Burnsville road until long after midnight, capturing four guns and many prisoners. I estimate the entire garrison, including the militia of the city and surrounding country, at 7000 men; the ent
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