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Stout's Bayou (Mississippi, United States) (search for this): chapter 24
eneral Washburne. On the llth of June General Herron arrived with his division from the Department of Missouri, and on the 14th two divisions of the Ninth corps came, under General Parke. N~Tow the investment of Vicksburg was made absolute, with Sherman's corps on the extreme right, McPherson's next, and extending to the railway, and Ord's (late McClernand's) on the left, the investment in that direction being made complete by the divisions of Herron and Lauman, the latter lying across Stout's Bayou, and touching the bluffs on the river. Parke's corps, and the divisions of Smith and Kimball, were sent to Haines's Bluff, where fortifications commanding the land side had been erected to confront any attempt that Johnston might make in that direction. Meanwhile Admiral Porter had made complete and ample arrangements for the most efficient co-operation on the river, and his skill and zeal were felt throughout the siege. While his heavier vessels and the mortars and great Parrott gu
Thompson's Creek (South Carolina, United States) (search for this): chapter 24
t batteries were on a bluff about forty feet above high-water mark. There three series of batteries extended along the river above Port Hudson to a point on Thompson's Creek, the whole continuous line being about three miles in length. Above the creek was an impassable marsh, making an excellent flank defense. From the lower battery began a line of land fortifications of a general semicircular form, about ten miles in extent, and terminating at Thompson's Creek. The guns with which these works were armed were very heavy, and there were light batteries that might be moved to strengthen any part of the line. late in May. His troops were commanded by Genight angle, with a right and left, but no center. The division of Grover, on the upper side of the post, extended nearly three miles, from near the mouth of Thompson's Creek into the interior, within supporting distance of General Auger's division, which extended from near that point about the same distance to the river below Por
National (West Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 24
ry heavy, and there were light batteries that might be moved to strengthen any part of the line. late in May. His troops were commanded by Generals Weitzel, Auger, Grover, Dwight, and T. W. Sherman, and the beleaguered garrison were under the command of General Frank K. Gardner, as we have observed. See page 620. The troops with which Banks cross-ed the river at Bayou Sara formed a junction on the 23d May, 1863. with those which came up from Baton Rouge under Auger and Sherman, and the National line on that day occupied the Bayou The defenses of Port Hudson. Sara road, about five miles from Port Hudson. At Port Hudson Plains, Auger, on his march, encountered and repulsed a force of Confederates under Colonel Miles, the latter losing one hundred and fifty men; and on the day of the investment May 24. the Confederates were driven within their outer line of intrenchments. Weitzel, who had covered Banks's march from Alexandria, had arrived.and made the investment of the fort
Chickasaw Bayou (Mississippi, United States) (search for this): chapter 24
dy observed, was a member of General Legget's staff during the siege and at the time of the surrender. We visited together every place and object of interest in the city and along the lines, from below the railway, on the Warrenton road, to Chickasaw Bayou, and finding here and there Union people, who had suffered much in mind, body, and estate. The Shirley House. Among these was the family of Mr. Shirley, who was a leading lawyer of Vicksburg. His house was on the old Jackson road, ngallant Colonel (afterward General) Eaton, of the National army. At the time of our visit she was a young bride. From Mrs. Shirley's we rode to the Headquarters of General Grant, in the cane-brake, and then over the rough Walnut Hills to Chickasaw Bayou, passing on the way the house of Dr. Smith, who acted as guide to General S. D. Lee, in the fight with Sherman. He accompanied us to the theater of strife, and pointed out the various localities of interest connected with that conflict. Af
Mound City (Illinois, United States) (search for this): chapter 24
. as a diversion, as he intended to storm their works on the land side with his entire army the following morning. Porter opened fire accordingly, and all night long he kept six mortars playing upon the town and the works, and sent the Benton, Mound City, and Carondelet to shell the water batteries and other places where troops might be resting. It was a fearful night in Vicksburg, but the next day was more fearful still. It dawned gloriously. The sky was unclouded, and the troops and citizein the city. Grant had requested Porter to shell the hill batteries at Vicksburg on the morning of the assault, from half-past 9 until half-past 10 o'clock, to annoy the garrison while the army should attack. Accordingly, in the morning the Mound City, Benton, Tuscumbia, and Carondelet were sent down the river, and made an attack at the prescribed time on the hill batteries, opposite the canal, and soon silenced them. Porter then. pushed three of them up to the water batteries, leaving the
Maine (Maine, United States) (search for this): chapter 24
hose on the left, exposed to a flank fire, withdrew to a belt of woods not far off. So ended the first general assault upon Port Hudson, in which many a brave man passed away. Among the slain were Colonels Clark, of the Sixth Michigan, D. S. Cowles, of the One Hundred and Twenty-eighth New York, Payne, of the Second Louisiana, and Chapin, of the Thirtieth Massachusetts. General T. W. Sherman was very seriously wounded, but finally recovered with the loss of a leg, and General Neal Dow, of Maine, was slightly wounded. Colonel Cowles, of Hudson, New York, one of the noblest men in the army, was wounded in the thickest of the fight by a bayonet thrust, and died half an hour afterward. The National loss was two hundred and ninety-three killed and fifteen hundred and forty-nine wounded. The Confederate loss did not exceed three hundred in killed and wounded. Banks was not disheartened by this disastrous failure. He occupied the next day in burying his dead, under the protection of
Meridian (Mississippi, United States) (search for this): chapter 24
ley's we rode to the Headquarters of General Grant, in the cane-brake, and then over the rough Walnut Hills to Chickasaw Bayou, passing on the way the house of Dr. Smith, who acted as guide to General S. D. Lee, in the fight with Sherman. He accompanied us to the theater of strife, and pointed out the various localities of interest connected with that conflict. After making a drawing of the battle-ground on the bayou, delineated on page 579, in the presence of the doctor, we left him and passed on to the Valley road, along the bottom, between the hills and the bayou, sketching the Indian Mound (see page 577) on the way, and rode into Vicksburg from the north through the deep cuts in the hills, just as a thunder-storm, which had been gathering for some time, fell upon the city. On the following morning the writer departed by railway for Jackson, and the region of Sherman's destructive march toward Alabama as far as Meridian, the stirring events of which will be considered presently.
Mississippi (United States) (search for this): chapter 24
charge by colored troops, 632. close siege of Port Hudson, 632. a severe struggle, 634. Second assault on Port Hudson, 635. siege of Port Hudson continued, 636. surrender of the post and garrison Banks's loss, and his spoils won the Mississippi River open to Commerce, 637. effect of the fall of Vicksburg and Port Hudson at Home and abroad a visit to Vicksburg and its vicinity, 638. voyage up the Mississippi a Confederate Major, 639. the Historical localities around Vicksburg, 640. s, six thousand small arms, three gun-boats, eight transports, and a large quantity of cotton, cattle, and other property of immense value. This conquest gave the final blow in the removal of the obstruction to the free navigation of the Mississippi River by Confederate batteries, for which Fremont planned and worked so earnestly in the first year of the war, and for which the Western troops fought so gallantly and persistently. The first of these obstructions, as we have seen, was erected
Milliken's Bend (Louisiana, United States) (search for this): chapter 24
the besieged City, 622. Confederate troops in Louisiana, 623. battle at Milliken's Bend bravery of colored troops, 624. mining the Confederate works, 625. Pembforce, chiefly of colored troops, called the African brigade, stationed at Milliken's Bend, under General Elias S. Dennis, composed of about fourteen hundred Thesored), commanded by Colonel H. Lieb, who went out on a reconnoissance from Milliken's Bend toward Richmond, on the 6th of June, 1863. preceded by two companies of t Lieb at Vicksburg in April, 1866, who informed him that his experience at Milliken's Bend at the time we are considering, and ever afterward, with negro troops, sat Nationals, Porter had received word the night before of the investment of Milliken's Bend, and had ordered the gun-boats Choctaw and Lexington to the aid of the garmportant trial of the mettle of negro troops, repeated a few days later at Milliken's Bend (see page 624), produced a profound impression in the army and throughout
Texas (Texas, United States) (search for this): chapter 24
eath from their foes. Banks's little army, then not exceeding twelve thousand effective men, was also closely hemmed in by a cordon of intensely hostile inhabitants; and since the raid of Grierson and his troop, Confederate cavalry had been concentrating in his rear, while General Taylor was gathering a new army in the regions of Louisiana, which the National troops had almost abandoned for the purpose of completing the task of opening the Mississippi. These might be joined by a force from Texas sufficient to capture New Orleans, while General Johnston might sweep down in the rear of Grant and fall upon Banks at. any moment. There was peril before and peril behind, and Banks felt the necessity of a speedy reduction of Port Hudson. He accordingly planned another assault, and on the 11th of June 1863. he attempted to establish a new line within easy attacking distance of the Confederate works, so as to avoid the dangers of a movement on their front over a broad space of ground.
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