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Browsing named entities in a specific section of Horace Greeley, The American Conflict: A History of the Great Rebellion in the United States of America, 1860-65: its Causes, Incidents, and Results: Intended to exhibit especially its moral and political phases with the drift and progress of American opinion respecting human slavery from 1776 to the close of the War for the Union. Volume I.. Search the whole document.

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Patrick Henry (Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 8
ay.--The Constitution, Art. I., sec. 10. as proof irresistible of the correctness of their position. The express inhibition of any alliance, compact, or treaty between two or more of the States, was even more conclusive on this head. They pointed to the fact, that the very preamble to this instrument proclaimed it the work of the people of the United States, and not a mere alliance or pact between the States themselves in their capacity of separate and sovereign political communities. Patrick Henry urged this latter objection with much force in the Virginia ratifying Convention. In the Virginia Convention (Wednesday, June 4, 1788, and the day following) Mr. Henry spoke as follows: That this is a consolidated government is demonstrably clear; and the danger of such a government is, to my mind, very striking. I have the highest veneration for those gentlemen [who formed the Constitution]; but, Sir, give me leave to demand, What right had they to say, We, the people? My politi
Van Buren, Ark. (Arkansas, United States) (search for this): chapter 8
nstitutional, and in favor of Nullification as a reserved right of each State, having been embodied in an elaborate document known as The South Carolina exposition, adopted and put forth by the Legislature of his State near the close of 1828. The doctrines therein affirmed were those propounded by Hayne and refuted by Webster in the great debate already noticed. The Tariff of 1828--the highest and most protective ever adopted in this country — was passed by a Jackson Congress, of which Van Buren, Silas Wright, and the Jacksonian leaders in pennsylvania and Ohio, were master-spirits. It was opposed by most of the members from the Cotton States, and by a majority of those from New England--some provisions having been engrafted upon it with the alleged purpose and the certain effect of making it obnoxious to Massachusetts and the States which, on either side, adjoined her. On the other hand, the members from the Middle and Western Free States, without distinction of party, supported
Alleghany Mountains (United States) (search for this): chapter 8
Federal ascendency. When John Adams became President, in 1797, the South had become the stronghold of the Opposition. Mr. Madison had dissolved his earlier association with the great body of the framers of the Constitution, and become the lieutenant of Mr. Jefferson. Kentucky--a Virginia colony and offset — was ardently and almost unanimously devoted to the ideas and the fortunes of Jefferson; and he was privately solicited to draft the manifesto, through which the new State beyond the Alleghanies proclaimed, in 1798, her intense hostility to Federal rule. The famous Resolutions of ‘98 were thus originated; Mr. Jefferson's authorship, though suspected, was never established until lie avowed it in a letter more than twenty years afterward. These resolutions are too long to be here quoted in full, but the first is as follows: Resolved, That the several States composing the United States of America are not united on the principle of unlimited submission to their General Govern
Oklahoma (Oklahoma, United States) (search for this): chapter 8
e, and Alabama. With those tribes, treaties were from time to time made by our Government, whereof each had for its main object the transfer, for a specified consideration, of lands by the Indians to the United States. One of the conditions on which we sought and obtained those lands was thus succinctly expressed in the treaty with the Cherokees negotiated on the bank of the Holston, in 1791, under the Presidency of Washington: article 7. The United States solemnly guaranty to the Cherokee Nation all their lands not hereby ceded. The stipulations of this treaty were recognized, and their validity confirmed by the treaty of 1794, negotiated by Henry Knox, Secretary of War, being authorized thereto by the President of the United States. A further treaty, negotiated in 1798, under John Adams, recognized and ratified afresh all the obligations incurred, the guaranties given, by former treaties. Such stipulations continued to be made, at least down to 1817, when one was negotia
Mississippi (Mississippi, United States) (search for this): chapter 8
And Mr. Clay, one of the negotiators of that treaty, declared, in his speech on the Cherokee Grievances in 1835, that the British commissioners would never have been satisfied with this, if they had understood that those tribes held their rights and possessions guaranteed to them by Federal treaties subject to the good — will and pleasure of the several States, or any of them. In 1802, Georgia ceded, on certain conditions, her western territory, now composing the States of Alabama and Mississippi, to the Union. Among these conditions, our Government undertook to extinguish the Indian title to all lands within the boundaries of the State as thereby constituted, so soon as this could be effected peaceably and on reasonable terms. The following is the entire article: Fourthly, That the United States shall, at their own expense, extinguish, for the use of Georgia, as early as the same can be peaceably obtained, on reasonable terms, the Indian title to the country of Talassee,
Washington (United States) (search for this): chapter 8
an any appellation derived from local discriminations. --Washington's Farewell Address. The advantages secured to the peopled in the popularity and( influence of their great chief, Washington, were early misled into some capital blunders. Among, tbroil us in the contest then devastating the Old World. Washington, and the Federal magnates who surrounded him, were infles for war, Mr. Calhoun, in December, calmly proceeded to Washington, where he took his seat in the Senate, and swore afresh he bank of the Holston, in 1791, under the Presidency of Washington: article 7. The United States solemnly guaranty to rument as they desired. This sham treaty was hurried to Washington, and forced through the expiring Senate on the last day adjudication thereon was had before the Supreme Court at Washington, the decision being pronounced by Chief Justice Marshall Governor George N. Briggs, of Massachusetts, who was in Washington as a member of Congress when the decision was rendered.
Ocmulgee (Georgia, United States) (search for this): chapter 8
hly, That the United States shall, at their own expense, extinguish, for the use of Georgia, as early as the same can be peaceably obtained, on reasonable terms, the Indian title to the country of Talassee, to the lands left out by the line drawn with the Creeks, in the year one thousand seven hundred and ninety-eight, which had been previously granted by the State of Georgia, both which tracts had formally been yielded by the Indians; and to the lands within the forks of the Oconee and Ocmulgee rivers; for which several objects, the President of the United States has directed that a treaty should be immediately held with the Creeks; and that the United States shall, in the same manner, also extinguish the Indian title to all other lands within the State of Georgia.--American State Papers, vol. XVI, p. 114. And this object was urgently, perseveringly, and not always honorably, pursued. In February, 1825, just as Mr. Monroe's Administration was passing away, certain commissioners, se
South Carolina (South Carolina, United States) (search for this): chapter 8
grow clearer as the controversy advances. South Carolina sees unconstitutionality in the tariff; shso, and gives to every warm affirmative of South Carolina a plain, downright, Pennsylvania negative.ter. To praise the honorable Senator from South Carolina would be To add perfume to the violet , and be distanced in the common race. South Carolina did not heed these gentle admonitions. Th during the preceding session of Congress, South Carolina proceeded, directly after throwing away he were forbidden to be paid within the State of South Carolina after the 1st day of February ensuingas paramount to that which the citizens of South Carolina owe to the State of their birth or their ared that they had the right now claimed by South Carolina. The war into which we were forced, to sumade, consistently with the obligations of South Carolina ; to no other can such appeals be made wited such reductions of duties on imports as South Carolina demanded, the execution of the Nullifying [23 more...]
Connecticut (Connecticut, United States) (search for this): chapter 8
bered. Those States had just been convulsed by a Presidential contest, wherein their people were about equally divided into zealous advocates and equally zealous opponents of General jackson's re-election. Though his triumph had been overwhelming, so far as the choice of Electors was concerned, the popular majorities, whereby those electors were chosen, were very meager in several of the States, including New York, Ohio, and New Jersey; while the majorities against him in Massachusetts, Connecticut, Rhode Island, Vermont, and Kentucky, were heavy. But the States which had opposed his re-election, the citizens who had deprecated it as confirming and renewing a lease of virtually absolute power in hands too prone to stretch Authority and Prerogative to the utmost, now vied with their late antagonists in pledging devotion and support to the elected chief of the Republic in his efforts to preserve its unity and vitality. Great public meetings were held in the principal cities to give
Ghent (Kentucky, United States) (search for this): chapter 8
ions continued to be made, at least down to 1817, when one was negotiated on our part by Andrew Jackson and others, again renewing and confirming to the Cherokees all former stipulations and guaranties. Still more: when, in 1814, the Treaty of Ghent was negotiated, whereby the war of 1812 with Great Britain was terminated, the British commissioners long and fairly insisted on including her Aboriginal allies in that war in the provisions and stipulations of the treaty, especially that which ethis, preferring to insert an article which set forth the humane and benevolent principles whereby (as it alleged) our Government regulates its conduct toward the Indian tribes within our borders. The following is that portion of the Treaty of Ghent relating to the Indians: Article the Ninth. The United States of America engage to put an end, immediately after the ratification of the present treaty, to hostilities with all the tribes or nations of Indians with whom they may be at war at
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