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Belgium (Belgium) (search for this): chapter 6
ree Unions Union League clubs. in any positive way—each perhaps in a different form—express an interest in the idea, and that will have a great effect on the country and on Congress too. This is a moment for changes. Our whole system is like molten wax, ready to receive an impression. Other subjects on which Sumner spoke briefly were an appropriation for the training of pupils for the consular service; March 15, 1864. Works, vol. VIII. pp. 223-227. the raising of the mission to Belgium to a first-class rank; March 15. Works, vol. VIII. pp. 217-222. He wrote Lieber, March 17: I was badgered on all sides, but at last on ayes and noes carried it. national academies for the promotion of literature, art, and of the moral and political sciences,—a project in relation to which Lieber, Agassiz, and R. W. Emerson were his correspondents, July 2. Works, vol. IX. pp. 51-54. all of whom entered heartily into it; the prohibition of sales of gold deliverable at a future day; <
Ashtabula (Ohio, United States) (search for this): chapter 6
serving as consulgeneral. He kept up a correspondence with Sumner on affairs in this country and our relations with Canada. He had visited Washington in January, when he and Sumner met for the last time. His last letter, written April 9, when a readjustment of reciprocity with Canada was contemplated, contained a postscript, which revealed his premonitions that the end was near, saying: Should I live, I desire to be one of the commissioners to negotiate the new treaty. The bar of Ashtabula County, Ohio, of which he was a member, invited Sumner to deliver a eulogy upon him, and his son-in-law, George W. Julian, urged an acceptance; but Sumner was obliged to decline. Sumner paid, March 29, 1864, an affectionate tribute to Owen Lovejoy, a member of the House, from whom he had always received most cordial sympathy in his radical action against slavery. He used the opportunity, as was his custom, to urge the living to maintain the cause of freedom. March 29, 1864. Works, vol.
Maryland (Maryland, United States) (search for this): chapter 6
as the proposed amendment that neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime, whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction. Sumner preferred a scientific to a traditional form, and thought the one reported to imply a sanction of slavery as a punishment of crime,—a penalty deemed humane at the time of the Ordinance, but now discarded. The proposed sale of negro convicts in Maryland was an occasion of his subsequently recurring to his criticism of the form of the amendment. (In the Senate, Jan. 3 and Feb. 20, 1867, Works, vol. XI. pp. 54-58.) He also initiated, Jan. 3, 1867 (Works, vol. XI. pp. 52, 53), a prohibition of peonage in New Mexico. His own substitute provided that all persons are equal before the law, so that no person can hold another as a slave; and later he suggested as another form, Slavery shall not exist anywhere within the United States. Trumbull
Rochdale (United Kingdom) (search for this): chapter 6
d troops.—first struggle for suffrage of the colored people.—thirteenth amendment of the constitution.— French spoliation claims.—taxation of national banks.— differences with Fessenden.—Civil service Reform.—Lincoln's re-election.—parting with friends.—1863-1864. The following extracts are given from letters written by Sumner early in the session which began in December, 1863:— To Mr. Bright, December 15:— I have just received the Manchester Examiner, containing the speeches at Rochdale, By Cobden and Bright. which I have read gratefully and admiringly. Cobden's positive testimony must tell for us; and let me add that I like him the better the nearer he gets to the position that recognition is a moral impossibility. If this were authoritatively declared, the case would soon be closed. It is because the gate is still left open that the public is vexed by constantly receiving reports that in the event of Federal reverses there will be recognition. No Fe
Vienna (Wien, Austria) (search for this): chapter 6
to offer her good offices to bring about peace. When he said this I snapped my fingers. But does not this explain the precise policy of the emperor? To Lieber, December 28:— Your German sky lowers with war. Can it be avoided? My letters assure me that Germany at last is a unit, and that it will stand by Schleswig-Holstein. Schleiden, who is very intelligent, is openly for war. He says that the connection of the provinces with Denmark must be cut. This is war. Motley writes from Vienna that in his opinion war is inevitable. Mercier leaves Washington to-day. Inter nos, he will tell the emperor that the Mexican expedition is a mistake, and that he ought to withdraw it; but that the national cause here is hopeless, and that the war will end in separation! This I have from his own lips. To W. E. Gladstone, Jan. 1, 1864:— I begin the year with my acknowledgments of the kindness of your letter, and with my best wishes. A happy New Year to you and to your family! A
Iowa (Iowa, United States) (search for this): chapter 6
tion declaring that slavery shall be forever prohibited within the limits of the United States. Two days later, Mr. Wright procured its adoption at a meeting of the American Antislavery Society in Philadelphia, and this is supposed to have been the first public movement for the thirteenth amendment. Works, vol. VIII. p. 351. H. C. Wright's letter to Sumner in manuscript, May 17, 1866. Early in the session resolutions for such an amendment were proposed by Ashley of Ohio and Wilson of Iowa in the House, and by Henderson of Missouri in the Senate. Sumner himself offered two forms. He moved a reference of the subject to his own committee on slavery and freedmen, but yielded to Trumbull's suggestion that it belonged more properly to the committee on the judiciary, expressing as his chief desire that prompt action should be taken. Trumbull, adopting the formula of the Ordinance of 1787, reported as the proposed amendment that neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as
Westmoreland County (Pennsylvania, United States) (search for this): chapter 6
unsel of my hopes, of the lessons of justice, and of the ways of Providence to man. There is a day sure to come which must make you happy and triumphant; it is when African slavery is extinguished. Then at last shall we be of one mind. To Rev. John Douglass, Pittsburg, January 22: This letter was written in reply to a request for the senator's opinion as to the propriety of an amendment of the Constitution recognizing the Supreme Being, afterwards called for by a meeting held at Allegheny, Penn., Jan. 27, 1864. (New York Tribune, Feb. 1, 1864.) Sumner's answer disturbed some of his Hebrew friends, who expressed their dissent in letters to him. John Sherman approved, Feb. 8, 1869, in the Senate such recognition.— Duties will keep me here, so that I cannot be with you to listen to the arguments and counsels by which you will inaugurate your new movement. Let me say frankly that I know not if it be practicable to accomplish all the change in the Constitution which you prop
Benin (Benin) (search for this): chapter 6
f foreign powers. No reverse of arms, no failure or national misfortune, can shake this firm conviction. There have been gloomy days, and it has been hard to see friends cut off, so many victims to slavery supplied, and [the rebellion] encouraged from Europe; but my confidence has not been disturbed. It has often seemed to me that if we had failed, there must have been at the last moment a shudder in England at the awful responsibility of taking by the hand a bloody power, the co-mate of Dahomey; and that the English heart would have said, No! In the name of Heaven, no! Meanwhile our own efforts have relieved England from any such final responsibility. But my heart yearns to see the country that I love pronounce the word which will hasten the end of our domestic war, and make any foreign war impossible,—all of which is in her power. Rarely in history has any nation been so situated as to do so much for another nation and for civilization, to say nothing of the infinite profit
Cleveland (Ohio, United States) (search for this): chapter 6
to the exclusive discretion of the Executive. In January, 1864, there was a conference in Washington of members of Congress and citizens from different parts of the country to consult upon the nomination of Mr. Lincoln's successor, in which Mr. Chase appeared to be the favorite candidate. Two months later, March 10, Mr. Pomeroy, senator from Kansas, explained this movement in the Senate, and avowed his connection with it. Mr. Chase's candidacy, as well as the nomination of Fremont at Cleveland, came to no result; but the discontent remained during the summer, showing itself sometimes in a call for another candidate (as in the New York Tribune), or in a proposition, with a view to another candidate, for a postponement of the Republican convention, which was advocated in the New York Evening Post Both Mr. Greeley and Mr. Bryant joined with a committee to request the Republican national committee to postpone the convention. Nicolay and Hay's Life of Lincoln, vol. IX. pp. 57, 5
Accomack (Massachusetts, United States) (search for this): chapter 6
ening of the election. November 5. Works, vol. IX. pp. 134-136. He put forward on these occasions, as patriotic aims, the complete suppression of the rebellion and the complete extinction of slavery. Never, said he, was grander cause or sublimer conflict; never holier sacrifice. At Cooper Institute he was received with the same enthusiasm that had hitherto characterized his New York audiences. One incident of this address was a contrast between the mission of the Mayflower bound for Plymouth and that of the first slave-ship bound for Jamestown, This contrast appears in an earlier address, September 18, 1860. Works, vol. v. pp, 276-279. with an exposure of the pretension that Virginia was ennobled in her origin by cavalier colonists. He spoke in certain towns in Massachusetts, and also in Hartford and New London, Conn., where Mr. Winthrop made an address for McClellan, and in Newark, N. J.; but he declined calls from other States. The spirit and tone of his speeches in
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