ut to again hurl us against certain defeat and direful slaughter, we must refuse to obey.
Thus for the second time Cold Harbor became the scene of the fiercest of conflicts, and established its value as a strategic point.
It is worthy of note to mention the great disparity of numbers engaged, and how, in the two battles, conditions were reversed.
In the battles of Richmond, McClellan's army numbered 115,102 men, and, in this engagement, fought on the defensive Cold Harbor, next to Malvern Hill—the strongest position in his line.
Lee's forces were 69,762, and in this, as in others of the Richmond battles, were the aggressors, yet he wrested this stronghold by one of the most daring assaults history records.
In the second battle of Cold Harbor conditions were reversed— Lee was behind the defenses, his army about 49,000.
Grant was to attack with 140,000 men. He hurled his immense weight upon Lee, but with no effect, except to destroy his men. This leads up to the inquiry, Was