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Browsing named entities in a specific section of George Bancroft, History of the United States from the Discovery of the American Continent, Vol. 4, 15th edition.. Search the whole document.

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Baltimore, Md. (Maryland, United States) (search for this): chapter 8
ched De Beaujeu, Dumas, and De Lignery, with less than two hundred and thirty French and Canadians, and six hundred and thirty-seven savages, Zzz of the troops, and on the hills which overhung the chap. VIII.} 1755. right flank, invisible, yet making the woods re-echo their war-whoop, fired irregularly, but with deadly aim, at the fair mark offered by the compact body of men beneath them. None of the English that were engaged would say they saw a hundred of the enemy, H. Sharpe to Baltimore. Aug. 1755. and many of the officers, who were in the heat of the action the whole time, would not assert that they saw one. H. Sharpe to Secretary Calvert, 11 August, 1755. The combat was obstinate, and continued for two hours with scarcely any change in the disposition of either side. Memorandum. On the Sketch of the Field of Battle, No. 2. Had the regulars shown courage, the issue would not have been doubtful; but terrified by the yells of the Indians, and dispirited by a man
Louisiana (Louisiana, United States) (search for this): chapter 8
as as brave as he was taciturn, obeyed the order promptly; and the Alcide and Lys yielded to superior force. The Dauphin, being a good sailer, scud safely for Louisburg. Nine more of the French chap. VIII.} 1755. squadron came in sight of the British, but were not intercepted; and, before June was gone, Dieskau and his troops, with De Vaudreuil, who superseded Duquesne as governor of Canada, landed at Quebec, Vaudreuil was a Canadian by birth, had served in Canada, and been governor of Louisiana. The Canadians flocked about him to bid him welcome. From Williamsburg, Braddock had promised Newcastle to be beyond the mountains of Alleghany by the end of April; at Alexandria, in April, he prepared the ministry for tidings of his successes by an express in June. At Fredericktown, where he halted for carriages, he said to Franklin, After taking Fort Duquesne, I am to proceed to Niagara, and, having taken that, to Frontenac. Duquesne can hardly detain me above three or four days, a
New Jersey (New Jersey, United States) (search for this): chapter 8
ages; but Franklin, by his great influence in Pennsylvania, supplied both, with a promptitude and probity which extorted praise from Braddock and unanimous thanks from the Assembly of his province. Franklin to Shirley, 22 May, 1755. Braddock to Secretary of State, 5 June, 1755. Votes of Pennsylvania Assembly, v., 397. Among the wagoners was Daniel Morgan, famed in village chap. VIII.} 1755. groups as a wrestler; skilful in the use of the musket; who emigrated, as a day-laborer, from New Jersey to Virginia, and husbanded his wages so that he had been able to become the owner of a team; all unconscious of his future greatness. At Will's Creek, which took the name of Cumberland, Washington, in May, joined the expedition as one of the generals aids. Seven-and-twenty days passed in the march of the army from Alexandria to Cumberland, where, at last, two thousand effective men were assembled; among them, two independent companies from New York, under the command of Horatio Gates.
Youghiogheny (United States) (search for this): chapter 8
ilderness fare. On the nineteenth of June, Braddock, by Washington's advice, leaving Dunbar behind with the residue of the army, resolved to push forward with twelve hundred chosen men. The prospect, says Washington, conveyed to my mind infinite delight; and he would not suffer excessive illness to detain him from active service. Yet still they stopped to level every molehill, and erect bridges over every creek. On the eighth of July they arrived at the fork of the Monongahela and Youghiogeny Rivers. The distance to Fort Duquesne was but twelve miles, and the Governor of New France gave it up as lost. Vandreuil to the Minister, 24 July, 1755. Early in the morning of the ninth of July, Braddock set his troops in motion. A little below the Youghiogeny they forded the Monongahela, and chap. VIII.} 1755. marched on the southern bank of that tranquil stream, displaying outwardly to the forests the perfection of military discipline, brilliant in their dazzling uniform, their
Lawrence, Kansas (Kansas, United States) (search for this): chapter 8
nal and Haliburton, 17,000. The Board of Trade, in 1721, put the number vaguely at nearly 3,000; these, in 1755, but for emigration to French America, would hardly have become more than 10,000; but there were more. Mascarene to Lords of Trade, 17 Oct., 1748, says, there were 4,000 or 5,000 French inhabitants, able to bear arms. Lieutenant-Governor Lawrence, in his circular to the different governors, 11 August, 1755, refers to those only who remained after large emigrations. Compare too Lawrence's State of the English and French Forts, quoted in Sir Thomas Robinson to Lieutenant-Governor Lawrence, 13 August, 1755. The number there given was 8,000. When England began vigorously to colonize Nova Scotia, the native inhabitants might fear the loss of their independence. The enthusiasm of their priests was kindled into fervor at the thought that heretics, chap. VIII.} 1755. of a land which had disfranchised Catholics, were to surround, and perhaps to overwhelm, the ancient Acadi
Fort Necessity (Louisiana, United States) (search for this): chapter 8
Sir John Sinclair to Sir T. Robinson, 3 Sept. 1755. of the dying general, and being himself resolved, in midsummer, to evacuate Fort Cumberland, and hurry to Philadelphia for winter-quarters. Accordingly, the next day they all retreated. At night Braddock roused from his lethargy to say, We shall better know how to deal with them another time, and died. Orme in Franklin's Autobiography. His grave may still be seen, near the na- chap. VIII.} 1755. tional road, about a mile west of Fort Necessity. The forest field of battle was left thickly strewn with the wounded and the dead. Never had there been such a harvest of scalps and spoils. As evening approached, the woods round Fort Duquesne rung with the halloos of the red men; the constant firing of small arms, mingled with a peal from the cannon at the fort. The next day the British artillery was brought in, and the Indian warriors, painting their skin a shining vermilion, with patches of black, and brown, and blue, gloried i
North America (search for this): chapter 8
the colony. Of these, a detachment took part in establishing the sovereignty of England in Acadia. That peninsular region—abounding in harbors and in forests; rich in its ocean fisheries and in the product of its rivers; near to a continent that invited to the chase and the fur-trade; having, in its interior, large tracts of alluvial soil—had become dear to its inhabitants, who beheld around them the graves of their ancestors for several generations. It was the oldest French colony in North America. There the Bretons had built their dwellings sixteen years before the Pilgrims reached the shores of New England. With the progress of the respective settlements, sectional jealousies and religious bigotry had renewed their warfare; the off- chap. VIII.} 1755. spring of the Massachusetts husbandmen were taught to abhor Popish cruelties and Popish superstitions; while Roman Catholic missionaries persevered in propagating the faith of their church among the villages of the Abenakis.
New Hampshire (New Hampshire, United States) (search for this): chapter 8
savages. But seven Representation of the Lords of Trade to the King, 20 December, 1756. The resolution being carried into effectual execution by transporting the said French inhabitants to the amount of near seven thousand persons, &c. Compare Lieut. Governor Lawrence's circular to the Governors in America, 11 August, 1755. Their numbers amount to near seven thousand persons. thousand of these banished people were driven on board ships, and scattered among the English colonies, from New Hampshire to Georgia;——one thousand and twenty to South Carolina alone. Governor Lyttleton to Sec. H. Fox, 16 June, 1796. They were cast ashore without resources; hating the poor-house as a shelter for their offspring, and abhorring the thought of selling themselves as laborers. Households, too, were separated; the colonial newspapers contained advertise- chap VIII.} 1755 ments of members of families seeking their companions, of sons anxious to reach and relieve their parents, of mothers mou
Vincennes (Indiana, United States) (search for this): chapter 8
ngs of his successes by an express in June. At Fredericktown, where he halted for carriages, he said to Franklin, After taking Fort Duquesne, I am to proceed to Niagara, and, having taken that, to Frontenac. Duquesne can hardly detain me above three or four days, and then I see nothing that can obstruct my march to Niagara. The Indians are dexterous in laying and executing ambuscades, replied Franklin, who remembered the French invasion of the Chickasaws, and the death of Artaguette and Vincennes. The savages, answered Braddock, may be formidable to your raw American militia; upon the king's regulars and disciplined troops it is impossible they should make any impression. Still the little army was unable to move, for want of horses and carriages; but Franklin, by his great influence in Pennsylvania, supplied both, with a promptitude and probity which extorted praise from Braddock and unanimous thanks from the Assembly of his province. Franklin to Shirley, 22 May, 1755. Braddo
Braddock (Pennsylvania, United States) (search for this): chapter 8
or good-will. I expect from them almost no military service, though I have employed the best officers to drill them; Braddock's Letter of 2 June, 1756, in the Precis, &c., 198. and losing all patience, he insulted the country as void of ability, artillery, baggage, and the main body of the army, when a very heavy and quick fire was heard in the front. Aware of Braddock's progress by the fidelity of their scouts, the French had resolved on an ambuscade. Twice in council the Indians decliMr. Washington? asked Lord Halifax a few months later. I know nothing of him he added, but that they say he behaved in Braddock's action as bravely as if he really loved the whistling of bullets. Halifax to Sir Charles Hardy 31 March, 1756. The cipated. All looks well, wrote Morris; the force of Canada has vanished away in an instant; and of a sudden the news of Braddock's defeat, and the shameful evacuation of Fort Cumberland by Dunbar, threw the people of the central provinces into the g
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