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Wilderness, Va. (Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 3.28
f-mile to a mile and stretching well around covering our right flank ; See General Devens's report of Chancellorsville ( Official Records, Vol. XXV., Part I., p. 632).--O. O. H. and the picket-posts in front on the pike were over two miles beyond the main line. The nature of the country in the neighborhood of the three adjoining farms, Dowdall's Talley's, and Hawkins's, became well known to the Army of the Potomac in subsequent experiences, never to be forgotten. It is the terrible Wilderness where, later in the war, so many brave men fell. Here were stunted trees, such as scraggy oaks, bushy firs, cedars, and junipers, all entangled with a thick, almost impenetrable undergrowth, and criss-crossed with an abundance of wild vines. In places all along the south-west and west front the forest appeared impassable, and the skirmishers could only work their way through with extreme difficulty. To the officers of the Eleventh Corps the position was never a desirable one. It pres
Stephen D. Ramseur (search for this): chapter 3.28
eanwhile the Confederate General Rodes had been reaching his place in the Wilderness. At 4 P. M. his men were in position; the line of battle of his own brigade touched the pike west of us with its right and stretched away to the north; beyond his brigade came Iverson's in the same line. On the right of the pike was Doles's brigade, and to his right Colquitt's. One hundred yards to the rear was Trimble's division (Colston Major-General Carl Schurz. From a photograph. commanding), with Ramseur on the right following Colquitt. After another interval followed the division of A. P. Hill. The advance Confederate division had more men in it than there were in the Eleventh Corps, now in position. Counting the ranks of this formidable column, beginning with the enveloping skirmish line, we find 7, besides the 3 ranks of file-closers. Many of them were brought into a solid mass by the entanglements of the forest, and gave our men the idea that battalions were formed in close columns
Carl Schurz (search for this): chapter 3.28
xt to Steinwehr, toward our right, came General Carl Schurz's division. First was Captain Dilger's about half on the front and half in reserve. Schurz's right brigade was that of Schimmelfennig, dion,--the Second Brigade, under McLean, next to Schurz's first, and then pushing out on the pike for Steinwehr's skirmishers, and then passed on to Schurz. Schimmelfennig pushed out a brigade straightticed the breastworks, unusually well built by Schurz and Devens. He passed to the extreme right, a than three or four miles off, and in motion. Schurz was anxious and, with my approval, moved a parno such order came to me. But Generals Devens, Schurz, and Steinwehr, my division commanders, and myar was Trimble's division (Colston Major-General Carl Schurz. From a photograph. commanding), w But faithful orderlies helped me to remount. Schurz was still doing all he could to face regimentsted, We've done all we can, and ran on. General Schurz states in his report that the masses which[8 more...]
Melzi Chancellor (search for this): chapter 3.28
d, with the Twelfth Corps, to occupy the space between his headquarters and Dowdall's clearing; but, finding the distance too great, one of his division commanders sent me word that I must cover the last three-quarters of a mile of the Plank road. This was done by a brigade of General Steinwehr, the commander of my left division, though with regret on our part, because it required all the corps reserves to fill up that gap. The so-called Dowdall's Tavern was at that time the home of Melzi Chancellor. He had a large family, including several grown people. I placed my headquarters at his house. In front of me, facing south along a curving ridge, the right of Steinwehr's division was located. He had but two brigades, Barlow on the Plank road and Buschbeck on his right. With them Steinwehr covered a mile, leaving but two regiments for reserve. These he put some two hundred yards to his rear, near the little Wilderness Church. Next to Steinwehr, toward our right, came General C
Darius N. Couch (search for this): chapter 3.28
ones existed before the battle), we notice that the two famous rivers, the Rapidan and the Rappahannock, join at a point due north of Chancellorsville; thence the Rappahannock runs easterly for two miles, till suddenly at the United States Ford it turns and flows south for a mile and a half, and then, turning again, completes a horse-shoe bend. Here, on the south shore, was General Hooker's battle-line on the morning of the 2d of May, 1863. Here his five army corps, those of Meade, Slocum, Couch, Sickles, and Howard, were deployed. The face was toward the south, and the ranks mainly occupied a ridge nearly parallel with the Rapidan. The left touched the high ground just west of the horse-shoe bend, while the bristling front, fringed with skirmishers, ran along the Mineral Spring road, bent forward to take in the cross-roads of Chancellorsville, and then, stretching on westerly through lower levels, retired to Dowdall's Tavern. Just beyond Dowdall's was a slight backward hook in t
William H. French (search for this): chapter 3.28
Tavern. Just beyond Dowdall's was a slight backward hook in the line, partially encircling Talley's Hill, a sunny spot in the forest between the Orange Plank road and the pike. This pike is an old roadway which skirts the northern edge of Talley's farm, and makes an angle of some forty degrees with the Orange Plank road. At dawn of that eventful day General Hooker was at Chancellorsville. Slocum and Hancock were just in his front, infantry and artillery deployed to the right and left. French's division was in his rear. Meade occupied the extreme left, and my corps, the Eleventh, the right. Sickles connected me with Slocum. Our lines covered between five and six miles of frontage, and Hooker was near the middle point. The main body of our cavalry, under Stoneman, had gone off on a raid upon Lee's communications, and the remainder of the Army of the Potomac was under the sturdy Sedgwick, beyond Fredericksburg. Our opponents, under General Robert E. Lee, the evening before,
Francis C. Barlow (search for this): chapter 3.28
r's division was located. He had but two brigades, Barlow on the Plank road and Buschbeck on his right. Withe Plank road. Thus he relieved from the front line Barlow's large brigade, giving me, besides the several division reserves, General Barlow with 1500 men as a general reserve for the corps. These were massed near the ccavalcade. Hooker observed the troops in position; Barlow, who filled the cross-trenches an hour later, had nn order from General Hooker for my reserve brigade, Barlow's. Major Howard rode rapidly to Sickles, that he mi all of my general infantry reserves, consisting of Barlow's stanch brigade. Steinwehr and I, with Major HowaSteinwehr and I heard shortly after our return from Barlow. Somebody's guns thundered away for a few short mied around me. I was eager to fill the trenches that Barlow would have held. Buschbeck's second line was order upon those in position. 3d. The absence of General Barlow's brigade, which I had previously located in re
Oliver O. Howard (search for this): chapter 3.28
The Eleventh Corps at Chancellorsville. by Oliver O. Howard, Major-General, U. S. A. The country around Chancellorsville for the most part is a wilderness, with but here and there an opening. If we consult the recent maps (no good ones existed before the battle), we notice that the two famous rivers, the Rapidan and the Rappon the south shore, was General Hooker's battle-line on the morning of the 2d of May, 1863. Here his five army corps, those of Meade, Slocum, Couch, Sickles, and Howard, were deployed. The face was toward the south, and the ranks mainly occupied a ridge nearly parallel with the Rapidan. The left touched the high ground just wese several division reserves, General Barlow with 1500 men as a general reserve for the corps. These were massed near the cross-intrenchments, Dowdall's Tavern, Howard's headquarters. From a War-time photograph. and held avowedly to support the batteries and protect General Devens's exposed right flank. As to pickets, each
Joseph D. Moore (search for this): chapter 3.28
orce was threatening his front and his right flank.--editors. Slocum went forward to the aid of Sickles, and Hancock was behind him with support. Next, the enemy was reported to be in full retreat. General Hooker so telegraphed to Sedgwick; Captain Moore, of his staff, who had gone out with Birney to see the attack upon Jackson, came hurriedly to me with an order from General Hooker for my reserve brigade, Barlow's. Major Howard rode rapidly to Sickles, that he might point out exactly where tt to make a grand attack, having been for some time driving the enemy, and expected soon a brilliant result; that he desired to place my reinforcement upon his right flank in the forward movement. Such was the state of things when, through Captain Moore, General Hooker directed to Sickles's attack, at the Furnace, all of my general infantry reserves, consisting of Barlow's stanch brigade. Steinwehr and I, with Major Howard as guide, went far enough southward to see what was to be done with
Daniel E. Sickles (search for this): chapter 3.28
ve army corps, those of Meade, Slocum, Couch, Sickles, and Howard, were deployed. The face was towleft, and my corps, the Eleventh, the right. Sickles connected me with Slocum. Our lines covered of Devens's line. To my great comfort, General Sickles's corps came up on Friday, May 1st, and toward Orange Court House, so everybody said. Sickles forwarded all reports to General Hooker, who .--editors. Slocum went forward to the aid of Sickles, and Hancock was behind him with support. Neigade, Barlow's. Major Howard rode rapidly to Sickles, that he might point out exactly where to loce Furnace, and reported in substance that he (Sickles) was glad to receive the help; that he was abugh Captain Moore, General Hooker directed to Sickles's attack, at the Furnace, all of my general iable, must swing in to the left in support of Sickles's promised attack. There was no real battle was, after we had been fighting an hour, that Sickles's and Pleasonton's guns began to be heard, fo[5 more...]
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