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Parkersburg (West Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 20
ntain region, and his efforts were almost fruitless. while Colonel Kelley was pressing toward Grafton, the Ohio and Indiana troops were moving in the same direction. A part of them crossed the Ohio River at Wheeling, and another portion at Parkersburg; and they were all excepting two regiments (the Eighth and Tenth Indiana), at or near Grafton on the 2d of June, on which day General Morris arrived. Kelley was on the point of pursuing Porterfield. His troops were in line. Morris sent for position and number of the insurgents among the mountains, with a view to the pursuit view of Grafton. this village is situated among the hills, with the most picturesque scenery around it. Here the Baltimore and Ohio Railway, leading to Parkersburg, on the Ohio River, and the Northwestern Railway, leading to Wheeling, have a connection. It was an important military strategic point. of Porterfield up Tygart's Valley to Beverly. Guided by information thus obtained, and considering his l
Manassas, Va. (Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 20
attempt to exercise any jurisdiction in this or similar cases; they were reckoned affairs of self-defense, or honor. Bowie-knife and sheath. The grand rallying-place of the Confederates, preparatory to a march on the Capital, was Manassas Junction, a point on the Orange and Alexandria Railway, where another joins it from Manassas Gap in the Blue Ridge, about twenty-five miles west from Alexandria, and thirty in a direct line from Washington City. This was a most important strategicbatteries along Arlington Hights almost to the Chain Bridge, which spans the Potomac five or six miles above Washington. These, well manned and mounted, presented an impregnable barrier against any number of insurgents that might come from Manassas Junction, their place of General rendezvous. A reference to the map on the preceding page will show the position of the National troops on this the first line of the defenses of Washington, at the beginning of June. this map was copied from one
Harrison County (West Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 20
arious parts of the mountain region, which were largely attended. The first of these assembled at Clarksburg, in Harrison County, on the line of the Baltimore and Ohio Railway, on the 22d of April, when resolutions, offered by John S. Carlile, a member of the Convention yet sitting in Richmond, calling an assembly of delegates of the people at Wheeling, on the 13th of May, were adopted. The course of Governor Letcher was severely condemned, and eleven citizens were chosen to represent Harrison County in the Convention at Wheeling. Meetings were held elsewhere. One of these, at Kingwood, in Preston County, May 4, 1861. evinced the most determined hostility to the conspirators, and declared that the separation of Western from Eastern Virginia was essential to the maintenance of their liberties. They also resolved to elect a representative in the National Congress. Similar sentiments were expressed at other meetings, especially in a mass Convention held at Wheeling on the 5th of M
Queens County (New York, United States) (search for this): chapter 20
y violent secessionists there who would not submit. Among them was a man named Jackson, the proprietor of an inn called the Marshall House. The Confederate flag had been flying over his premises for many days, and had been plainly seen from the President's House in Washington. on the preceding day (May 23d) a Confederate flag, flying in Alexandria, had attracted the attention of the troops in Washington City. Just at evening, William McSpedon, of New York City, and Samuel Smith, of Queen's County, long Island, went over and captured it. This was the first flag taken from the insurgents. it was still there, and Ellsworth went in person to take it down. When descending an upper staircase with it, he was shot by Jackson, who was waiting for him in a dark passage, with a double-barreled gun, loaded with buckshot. Ellsworth fell dead, and his murderer met the same fate an instant afterward, at the hands of Francis E. Brownell, of Troy, who, with six others, had accompanied his comma
Norfolk (Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 20
Hampton Roads to report to Commodore Stringham. Before reaching that Commander he had an opportunity for trying his guns. The insurgents who held possession of Norfolk and the Navy Yard had been constructing batteries on Craney Island and the main, for the protection of those posts, by completely commanding the Elizabeth River. of ammunition, into a repulse, and claimed a victory for themselves. this is the first encounter in our waters, and the victory remains with us, said a writer at Norfolk. No one seems to have been hurt, on either side, in this engagement. that night almost two thousand of the insurgent troops were sent from Norfolk to Sewell's PoNorfolk to Sewell's Point, and these were there on the morning of the 20th, when Commander Ward.opened the guns of the Freeborn upon the redoubt. The battery was soon silenced, and the insurgents were driven away. Ward reported to Stringham, and proceeded immediately toward Washington with his flotilla. On his way up the Potomac, and when within tw
Mississippi (Mississippi, United States) (search for this): chapter 20
ion, a point on the Orange and Alexandria Railway, where another joins it from Manassas Gap in the Blue Ridge, about twenty-five miles west from Alexandria, and thirty in a direct line from Washington City. This was a most important strategic point in the plans of the conspirators, as it commanded the grand Southern railway route, connecting Washington and Richmond, and another leading to the fertile valley of the Shenandoah, beyond the Blue Ridge. General Butler had already suggested Mississippi Rifleman. the Mississippi riflemen were renowned as destructive sharp-shooters during the war. In addition to their rifle, they carried a sheath-knife, known as the Bowie-knife, in their belt. This is a formidable weapon in a hand-to-hand fight, when wielded by men expert in its use, as many were in the southwestern States, where it was generally seen in murderous frays in the streets and bar-rooms. Its origin is connected with an incident in the life of Colonel Bowie, who was engage
Pennsylvania (Pennsylvania, United States) (search for this): chapter 20
place could not communicate with their allies at Headquarters. establish a perfect control over the telegraph, if kept up, he said, so that no dispatch can pass without your knowledge and inspection before it is sent. If troops from Ohio or Pennsylvania shall be attempted to be passed on the railroad, do not hesitate to obstruct their passage by all means in your power, even to the destruction of the road and bridges. the people in all Eastern Virginia, under the pressure of the bayonet, arators were forming camps of rendezvous in their midst, and preparing to hold them in subjection to the usurpers at Richmond. Thousands of loyal men secretly volunteered to fight for the Union; and the National Government made preparations in Pennsylvania and beyond the Ohio River to co-operate with them at a proper moment. Both the Government and the loyal citizens of Virginia abstained from all military movements on the soil of that State before the votes of the people had been given on the
Fairfax (Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 20
it afforded valuable information to the insurgents. General Sandford, of the New York militia, took temporary command of the forces on Arlington Hights; and when he ascertained that the family of Colonel Lee had left Arlington House a fortnight before, he made that fine mansion his Headquarters, and sent word to Lee, then at Richmond, that he would see that his premises should receive no harm. He issued a proclamation, May 25, 1861. in which he assured the frightened inhabitants of Fairfax County that no one, peaceably inclined, should be molested, and he exhorted the fugitives to return to their homes and resume their accustomed avocations. Two days afterward, May 27. he was succeeded by General McDowell, of the regular Army, who was appointed to the command of all the National forces then in Virginia. Colonel Wilcox, who was in command at Alexandria, was succeeded by Colonel Charles P. Stone, who, as we have observed, had been in charge of the troops for the protection of Wa
Hampton Roads (Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 20
at the middle of May, May 16, 1861. Ward had been placed in command of the Potomac flotilla, which he had organized, composed of four armed propellers, of which the Thomas Freeborn was his flag-ship, and carried 32-pounders. He was sent to Hampton Roads to report to Commodore Stringham. Before reaching that Commander he had an opportunity for trying his guns. The insurgents who held possession of Norfolk and the Navy Yard had been constructing batteries on Craney Island and the main, for tding the Elizabeth River. They had also erected strong works on Sewell's Point, at the mouth of the Elizabeth; see map on page 899. and at the middle of May they had three heavy rifled cannon in position there, for the purpose of sweeping Hampton Roads. This battery was masked by a sand-hill, but did not escape the eye of Captain Henry eagle, of the National armed steamer Star, who sent several shot among the workmen on the Point, on the 19th. The engineers in charge, supported by a compa
Montgomery (Alabama, United States) (search for this): chapter 20
ty being the chief object to be first obtained, troops were hurried toward it, as we have seen, from all points of the Slave-labor States, with the greatest possible haste and in the greatest possible numbers. At the beginning of May there were sixteen thousand of them on their way to Virginia or within its borders, and, with the local troops of that Commonwealth, were pressing on toward Washington, or to important points of communication with it. At the same time measures were on foot at Montgomery for organizing an army of one hundred thousand men. Message of Jefferson Davis to the Congress of the Confederate States of America, April 29, 1861. The enthusiasm among the young men of the ruling class in the South was equal to that of the young men of the North. Notwithstanding the proclamation of the President, calling for seventy-five thousand men, was read by crowds, on the bulletin-boards of the telegraph-offices in every town, with roars of laughter and derision, and cheers
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