mption of these commodities in England.
By degrees, the avarice of English shopkeepers became bolder; and America was forbidden, by act of parliament, not merely to manufacture those articles which might compete with the English in foreign markets, but even to supply herself, by her own industry, with those articles which her position enabled her to manufacture with success for her own wants.
For example, 5 Geo. II.
c. XXII. § 7 and 23 Geo. II.
Thus was the policy of Great Britain, with respect to her colonies, a system of monopoly, adopted after the example of Spain, and, for more than a century, inflexibly pursued, in no less than twenty-nine acts of parliament.
The colonists were allowed to sell to foreigners only what England would not take; that so they might gain means to pay for the articles forced upon them by England.
The commercial liberties of rising states were shackled by paper chains, and the principles of natural justice subjected to the fears an