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Round House (New Mexico, United States) (search for this): chapter 19
tchway.Rabatment. Hawse-hole.Rabbet. Hawse-piece.Race-knife. Head.Raft-port. Head-knee.Rail. Head-ledge.Rake. Heel.Ram. Heel-post.Reaming-iron. Hight-staff.Relieving-gear. Hog-chain.Rib. Hog-frame.Ribband Hold.Ribband-line. Hold-beam.Rider. Hood.Riding-bitt. Hooding-end.Rising Hook.Rising-floor. Horse-iron.Rising-line. Horseshoe-clamp.Rising-square. Horsing-up.Rising-wood. Hull.Risings. Hurricane-deck.Room and space staff. Hydraulic block.Rough-tree rail. Ice-breaker.Round-house. Independent piece.Round-up. Inner post.Rove. Keel.Rudder. Keelson.Rudder-band. Key-model.Rudder-case. Knee.Rudder-chains. Knight-heads.Rudder-coat. Knuckle-timber.Rudder-post. Lace-piece.Rule-staff. Land.Run. Rung.Stem. Rung-head.Stem-knee. Saddle.Stem-piece. Samson-post.Stem-post. Scantling.Stemson. Screen-bulkhead.Step. Screw.Stepping-line. Screw-alley.Stern. Screw-post.Stern-frame. Screw-well.Stern-post. Scupper.Sternson. Scuttle.Stirrup. Seam.Stocks. Set-bo
ar to those which had led to their acquaintance with the Indian algebra. Persians were employed at that period as revenue-collectors on the Indus; and the use of Indian numbers became general among the Arab revenue-officers, and extended to Northern Africa, opposite to the coast of Sicily. Scim′i-ter. An Oriental form of saber. It is generally made much heavier toward the point than the saber of Western nations. Cimeter. Sci′o-graph. (Architecture.) The profile or section of a covered with leather, and studded with metal; it was 4 feet by 2 1/2. The shield of the ancient Briton was round and of basketwork. The Norman shield was kite or pear shaped. In the time of Edward IV. it had become triangular. In South Africa it is made of rhinoceros hide. The shield fell out of use when the broadsword was exchanged for the small sword and rapier. The introduction of fire-arms has farther changed the tactics, and the shield is a thing of the past with civilized<
Malacca (Melaka, Malaysia) (search for this): chapter 19
on in melted solder. Melted solder poured on. Heated iron not tinned. Heated copper tool tinned. Blow-pipe flame. Alcohol flame. Stream of heated air. This art was understood and practiced in ancient Egypt. Vases made of imbricated or overlapping plates, and supposed to be soldered together, are represented in tombs of Thothmes III., 1490 B. C. Tin forms an ingredient in soft solder, and was brought from Britain by the Phoenicians 1000 B. C., and probably long before. Malacca also yielded tin in very remote ages. The pieces which went to form the stand of the silver vase presented to the temple of Delphi by Alyattes, king of Lydia, were of iron inlaid with gold, and were soldered together. This, if it were the second Alyattes. was about 617 B. C. Soldering leaden pipes is mentioned by Vitruvius. Soldering was apparently unknown in Greece in the time of Homer. Hammered plates, such as armor, were united by mechanical fastenings,—nails, pins, rivets, cram
Brazil (Brazil) (search for this): chapter 19
he nostrils, a smart inhalation distributes the scented dust over the membrane of the nose. Take out your box of right Brazil.—Pope. The taking of snuff—as a habit—is said to have been first adopted in Europe by Catherine de Medici. It was calack, 2 ounces. Boil over a slow fire; when cool, strain and add 1/4 ounce nutgalls. Crimson stain: Alcohol, 1 quart; Brazil wood, 3 ounces; cochineal, 1/2 ounce; saffron, 1 ounce. Steep and strain. Stair. (Carpentry.) One of a series ofwas taken by the Portuguese to Madeira in 1420, and soon afterward, in 1596, to the Canaries, from whence it was taken to Brazil and to St. Domingo. Its culture thence gradually spread throughout the West Indies. Barbadoes was supplied from Brazil Brazil in 1641, and the culture was introduced into Louisiana by French refugees from St. Domingo toward the close of the last century. For notice of beet-root sugar, see infra, also page. 255. Maple sugar was first made by the Indians, and La Salle r
United States (United States) (search for this): chapter 19
affolding was used. The tendency in the United States is to the use of the derrickcrane, whose szes of siege-gun carriages are used in the United States service: one for the 4 1/2 rifled gun, mod differing but little from that of the Southern United States, appear to be more favorable to the deee cap-Stan. Ditching-spades. In the United States, ditches too large for the ditching-plow anheit are in common use in England and the United States, though the Continental system is that gen base. The term stack is applied in the United States to those which are round in plan; rick to tached. Gun-stock. The stock of the United States service musket is made of well-seasoned blhe same process forms the basis of several United States patents. A silicious varnish (so called852.) (Sexton, 1856.) There are in the United States about 350 foundries engaged in the manufacwn in England as a turn-wrest plow; in the United States as a side-hill plow (which see). See also [75 more...]
Fort Pillow (Tennessee, United States) (search for this): chapter 19
f. Filling.Main-breadth line. Filling-timber.Main piece. Fit-rod.Making-iron. Flat.Manger Floor.Mast. Floor-head.Mast-carling. Floor-plan.Midship-bend. Floor-timber.Mold. Flush-deck.Molding. Foot-waling.Molding-edge. Forecastle.Moot. Fore-foot.Munnions. Fore-hook.Navel-hood. Fore-rake.Newell. Fork-beam.Nog. Forming.Orlop. Frame.Pad. Free-board.Paddle-box. Furring.Paddle-wheel. Futtock.Pale. Futtock-plank.Pallet. Futtock-plates.Partners. Futtock-shrouds.Paying. Gallery.Pillow. Galley.Pin. Gangway.Plan. Garboard-strake.Planking. Gore.Planking-clamp. Gripe.Plank-shear. Ground-timbers.Ploc Ground-way.Poop. Guard.Poop-deck. Gun-deck.Poppet. Gun-room.Port. Gunwale.Port-flange. Half-breadth plan.Porthole-closer. Half-breadth staff.Port-lid. Half-floor.Port-sash. Half-port.Propeller. Half-timbers.Pump-dale. Hammock-nettings.Pump-well. Hang.Quarter. Hanging-knee.Quarter-deck. Harpings.Quarter-gallery. Hatch.Quick work. Hatchway.Rabatment. Hawse-hol
Sedan (France) (search for this): chapter 19
a variable motion to a wheel of counterpart form. A variable wheel. Sec′troid. (Architecture.) A term applied to the surface of two adjacent groins in a vault. Se-dan′; se-dan′--chair. An upright conveyance for one person, much in vogue during the last century. It was usually carried by two men, by means of a pole on each side. A similar contrivance, termed sella, was used by the Romans under the Empire; the poles (asseres) were removable. The name is derived from Sedan, in France, where they were originally made. Their introduction into England dates back to 1581. Sir Sanders Duncomb obtained a patent or monopoly of their manufacture for 14 years. In the reign of James 1. the Duke of Buckingham incurred great odium by using one, requiring free Britons to perform the work of beasts. Come in a sedan from the other end of the town. — Pepys' Diary, 1667. The reigns of Queen Anne and the first Georges seem to have been the golden age of the sedan-cha
West Virginia (West Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 19
evaporating the water from a saline solution. The technical name for a salt-factory. Salt′ern. A salt manufactory where water is evaporated from brine and dry salt obtained. More especially a plot of retentive land, laid out in pools and walks, where the sea-water is admitted to be evaporated by the heat of the sun's rays. The operation is concluded in boilers. Salt–fur′nace. The simplest form of this apparatus, where artificial heat is employed, is probably that of West Virginia or Syracuse, N. Y., where the brine is pumped from a great depth of the earth and conducted by pipes to the kettles, which are in two long rows, built into the top of a furnace, which is 150 feet in length, having the furnace doors at one end and a chimney at the other. The iron pans are heavy and shallow, and may be from 80 to 100 in number. As the water evaporates, the salt is precipitated, and is dipped out into baskets, which are placed in pairs over the pans, in order that the sal<
Annapolis (Maryland, United States) (search for this): chapter 19
pences, and threepences, known as the pine-tree coinage, from the device of a pine-tree on one side. Early in the eighteenth century, a smeltingfur-nace was erected in Virginia by Sir Alexander Spottswood, governor of Virginia, who lived at the Temple Farm, near Yorktown, Va. He had been wounded at Blenheim, where he served with Marlborough. He was the first to cross the Blue Ridge and see the Shenandoah Valley. He was appointed commander of the expedition to Carthagena, but died at Annapolis, Md., June, 1740, as the troops were about to embark. He was buried in the mausoleum from which the Temple Farm derived its name. In this expedition the elder brother of George Washington served, and on his return named his estate on the Potomac Mount Vernon, after the English admiral. The blast-furnace for reducing iron from its ores is shown at Fig. 5221, A. It consists of an interior lining of fire-bricks a a, forming a doubly conical chamber, surrounded by a packing of broken scor
Chester, Pa. (Pennsylvania, United States) (search for this): chapter 19
pr. 4, 1865. 50,157PlanerSept. 26, 1865. 51,247WarthNov. 28, 1865. 54,670BartramMay 15, 1866. 63,117ThomasMar. 19, 1867. 81,138CarpenterAug. 18, 1868. 89,915ChesterMay 11, 1869. 93,193GillamAug. 3, 1869. 94,812ContessaSept. 14, 1869. 98,985LyonJan. 18, 1870. 99,054BouscayJan. 25, 1870. 100,796PetteeMar. 15, 1870. 108,03iles per hour without losing steam. The regularity of passages is extraordinary, as may be seen by a statement of the passages of the Inman steam-ships City of Chester (4,566 tons) and City of Richmond (4,607 tons), covering the whole of the year 1874:— city of Chester. city of Richmond. Voyage.d.h.m.Voyage.d.h.m. FirsChester. city of Richmond. Voyage.d.h.m.Voyage.d.h.m. First8138First81158 Second8558Second8238 Third81128Third8943 Fourth828Fourth81823 Fifth8433Fifth8713 Sixth868Sixth82148 Seventh8838Seventh8248 Average8547Average81038 The six largest steam-ships in the world, excepting naval vessels, are the Great Eastern, owned by the International Telegraph Construction and Maintenance Com
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