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Liberty Hall (Tennessee, United States) (search for this): chapter 60
o in guiding the benefaction; but be this as it may, it was given and accepted, and in honor of the benefactor the academy was clothed with his immortal name. In acknowledging the thanks expressed to him by the Board of Trustees, President Washington said: To promote literature in this rising empire and to encourage the arts has ever been amongst the warmest wishes of my heart; and if the donation which the generosity of the Legislature of the Commonwealth has enabled me to bestow upon Liberty Hall—now by your politeness called Washington Academy—is likely to prove a means to accomplish these ends, it will contribute to the gratification of my desires. Soon after this, the Legislature, which had already incorporated the institution on a comprehensive basis, gave it the name of The College of Washington in Virginia. In the spirit of their beloved commander, The Cincinnati Society, composed of survivors of the Revolutionary war, on dissolving in 1803, donated their funds, amountin
Spottsylvania (Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 60
ut quickly concluding that discretion was the better part of valor, he marched back across the Rappahannock, content with his observations. 1864—Wilderness, Spotsylvania, cold Harbor, Petersburg, Lynchburg. But as the May blossoms in 1864, we hear once more the wonted strain of spring, tramp, tramp, tramp, the boys are marche, with 50,000 of his braves, springs upon him and hurls him back, staggering and gory, through the tangled chapparal of the Wilderness, and from the fields of Spotsylvania; and though the redoubtable Grant writes to the Government on May 12th, I propose to fight it out on this line if it takes all summer, when we look over the fi tread as when of old—Stonewall led the way. Soldiers of Manassas, of Richmond, Sharpsburg, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, of the Wilderness, of Spotsylvania, of Cold Harbor, of Petersburg—scarred and sinewy veterans of fifty fields, your glories are still about you, your manhood is triumphant still. Yes, the blue <
Appomattox (Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 60
r carved. Premonitions of the end—the March to Appomattox. Vain was the mighty struggle, led by the peermorable retreat towards Lynchburg, which ended at Appomattox. The battle of Appomattox—the last charge. Appomattox—the last charge. Over that march of desperate valor disputing fate, as over the face of a hero in the throes of dissolution, I affectionate farewell. As Robert Lee rode from Appomattox toward Richmond, he carried with him the heart ofe of the situation. Had the paroled soldier of Appomattox carried to retirement the vexed spirit and hollowom an act of treachery so base, for his parole at Appomattox protected him. Thus was he reviled and harrassed,nd reddened Manassas' field, and from Manassas to Appomattox, under Joseph E. Johnston, and Thomas J. Jackson,ly here, and when the Southern cause went down at Appomattox, Washington College remained scarce more than a r follow blindfold. Midway between Petersburg and Appomattox, with the ruins of an Empire falling on his shoul<
Arlington (Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 60
e had but to yield the sanction of his name to any one of the many enterprises that commercial princes commended to his favor, with every assurance of munificent reward. And indeed, were he willing to accept, unlimited means were placed at his disposal by those who would have been proud to render him any service. But it had been the principle of Lee's life to accept no gratuitous offer. He had declined the gift of a home tendered to him by the citizens of Richmond during the war, when Arlington had been confiscated, and the refuge of his family, the White House, had been burned,--expressing the hope that those who offered the gift would devote the means required to the relief of the families of our soldiers in the field, who are more deserving of assistance, and more in want of it than myself. And now when an English nobleman presented him as a retreat, a splendid country seat in England, with a handsome annuity to correspond, he answered: I am deeply grateful, but I cannot cons
Louisiana (Louisiana, United States) (search for this): chapter 60
harm for me. I shall mourn for my country and for the welfare and progress of mankind. If the Union is dissolved, and the government is disrupted, I shall return to my native State and share the miseries of my people, and, save in defence, will draw my sword on none. War. A few weeks later Colonel Lee was ordered, and came to Washington, reaching there three days before the inauguration of President Lincoln. At that time South Carolina, Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia and Louisiana, had already seceded from the Union, and the Provisional Government of the Confederate States was in operation at Montgomery. The Virginia Convention was in session, but slow and deliberate in its course. The State which had done so much to found the Union was 10th to assent to its dissolution, and still guided by the wise counsels of such men as Robert E. Scott, Robert Y. Conrad, Jubal A. Early, John B. Baldwin, Samuel McDowell Moore, and A. H. H. Stuart, she persisted in efforts to a
Valley Forge (Pennsylvania, United States) (search for this): chapter 60
were stripped of their leaden ornaments, that the musket and the rifle might not lack for bullets. The church bells, now melted into cannon, pealed forth the dire notes of war. The land was drained of its substance, and the Army of Northern Virginia was nearly exhausted for want of food and raiment. All through the bleak winter days and nights its decimated and shivering ranks still faced the dense battalions of Grant, in misery and in want not less than that which stained the snows of Valley Forge; and the army seemed to live only on its innate, indomitable will, as oftentimes we see some noble mind survive when the physical powers of nature have been exhausted. Like a rock of old ocean, it had received, and broken, and hurled back into the deep in bloody foam those swiftly succeeding waves of four years of incessant battle; but now the rock itself was wearing away, and still the waves came on. A new enemy was approaching the sturdy devoted band. In September, 1864, Atlanta fe
Yorktown (Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 60
olls of English and American history, from the conquest of the Norman at Hastings, to the triumph of the Continentals at Yorktown,—he had already established his own martial fame at Vera Cruz, Cerro Gordo, Contreras, Cherubusco, Molino del Rey, Chepuin the progress of events, Johnston had exhibited again his strategic skill in holding Mc-Clellan at bay on the lines of Yorktown, with a force so small that it seemed hardihood to oppose him with it—had eluded his toils by a retreat up the Peninsulaolonial Capitol of Williamsburg on May 5th, 1862, and had planted his army firmly around Richmond. Pending the siege of Yorktown, a thing had happened that probably had no parallel in history. The great body of General Johnston's army had reorganiz example of this. At one time he fought against the French under Braddock; at another time he fought with the French at Yorktown, under the orders of the Continental Congress of America, against him. He has not been branded by the world with reproac
Virginia (Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 60
part. Transferred from the State service to that of the Confederacy, with the rank of General, we behold him first in the field in the rugged mountains of Northwest Virginia, restoring the morale lost by the early reverses to our arms in that Department—holding invading columns in check with great disparity of force to meet themy with a fresh commander, Fighting Joe Hooker, renews the onset by way of Chancellorsville, and finds Lee with two divisions of Longstreet's corps absent in Southeast Virginia. But slender as are his numbers, Lee is ever aggressive; and while Hooker with the finest army on the planet, as he styled it, is confronting Lee near Chang tide breaking over the mountains—the sturdy Scotch-Irish for the most part, with some Germans and Englishmen, pouring into the Valley from Pennsylvania and Eastern Virginia, and from the fatherlands over the water. Not speculative adventurers were they, with the ambition of landlords, but bringing with them rifle and Bible, wif
Alleghany Mountains (United States) (search for this): chapter 60
stretch the splendid avenues and rise the gleaming spires of Washington; and over all, the great white dome of the National Capital looms up against the eastern sky, like a glory in the air. Southward and westward, toward the blue rim of the Alleghanies, roll away the pine and oak clad hills, and the fields of the Old Dominion, dotted here and there with the homes of a people of simple tastes and upright minds, renowned for their devotion to their native land, and for their fierce love of ladition had pictured the transmontane country as a barren and gloomy waste, infested with serpents and wild beasts and brutal savages. But erewhile the reports of Spotswood and his men went far and wide, and the Star of Empire beamed over the Alleghanies. And along, in 1730 and 1740, we find the spray of the incoming tide breaking over the mountains—the sturdy Scotch-Irish for the most part, with some Germans and Englishmen, pouring into the Valley from Pennsylvania and Eastern Virginia, an
Gethsemane (Tennessee, United States) (search for this): chapter 60
-in-Chief of its army, to tender him supreme command of its forces. Did he accept, and did he succeed, the conqueror's crown awaits him, and win or lose, he will remain the foremost man of a great established nation, with all honor and glory that riches and office and power and public applause can supply. Since the Son of Man stood upon the Mount, and saw all the kingdoms of the earth and the glory thereof stretched before him, and turned away from them to the agony and bloody sweat of Gethsemane, and to the Cross of Calvary beyond, no follower of the meek and lowly Saviour can have undergone more trying ordeal, or met it with higher spirit of heroic sacrifice. There was naught on earth that could swerve Robert E. Lee from the path where, to his clear comprehension, honor and duty lay. To the statesman, Mr. Francis Preston Blair, who brought him the tender of supreme command, he answered: Mr. Blair, I look upon secession as anarchy. If I owned the four millions of slaves in
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