or their action.
South Carolina led the way on the 17th of December, 1860, and was followed by the others—Texas having been the last to secede.
Her representatives subscribed the provisional Confederate Constitution at Montgomery on the 2d of March, 1861.
On the 11th of that month these States, through their representatives, adopted the permanent Confederate Constitution.
To understand the full effect of this important step, and how it was regarded by the great majority of the people old that this reply of Mr. Keitt was greeted with laughter.
Two governments instead of one.
It thus appears that the general result of the secession movement up to and including the time Texas became a member of the Confederacy, on the 2d of March, 1861, was to place the seceding States under the laws of the government from which they had seceded, the only change being that those laws were to be administered and executed by Confederate officers instead of Federal officers.
As most of the o