ow that it did not make war to emancipate the slaves, but that it liberated the slaves to help it to make war.
President Lincoln's proclamation of September 22, 1862, declares:
That on the first day of January, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and sixty-three, all persons held as slaves in any State, or designated part of a State, the people whereof shall then be in rebellion against the United States, shall be then, thenceforward, and forever free; and the Executive Govembition as in war for the defense of the country.
Napoleon was the idol of his soldiers.
Lee was the idol of his men.
I will relate an incident to show how the men regarded General Lee.
While the army was on the Rapidan, in the winter of 1863-‘64, it became necessary, as was often the case, to put the men upon very short rations.
Their duty was hard, not only on the outposts during the winter, but in the construction of roads to facilitate communication between the different parts of