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Browsing named entities in a specific section of Horace Greeley, The American Conflict: A History of the Great Rebellion in the United States of America, 1860-65: its Causes, Incidents, and Results: Intended to exhibit especially its moral and political phases with the drift and progress of American opinion respecting human slavery from 1776 to the close of the War for the Union. Volume II.. Search the whole document.

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ughout the Confederacy, when measures of deadly retaliation and vengeance were loudly pressed on every hand. That a Government struggling against a Rebellion founded on Slavery, should threaten to fight the consequence through the cause, was esteemed an immeasurable stretch of presumption. The following dispatch aptly embodies the prevailing sentiment:-- Charleston, S. C., Oct. 13, 1862. Hon. Wm. P. Miles, Richmond, Va.: Has the bill for the execution of Abolition prisoners, after January next, been passed?Do it; and England will be stirred into action. It is high time to proclaim the black flag after that period. Let the execution be with the garrote. (Signed) G. T. Beauregard. Prior to the issue Jan. 1, 1863. of President Lincoln's later, unconditional edict of emancipation, Jefferson Davis had, in proclaiming Dec. 23, 1862. the outlawry of Gen. Butler and his officers, See p. 106. decreed that all slaves captured in arms be turned over to the Executives
May, 1863 AD (search for this): chapter 22
torney-General, he was ultimately paid in full. And, finally, it was by Congress enacted: June 15, 1864. That all persons of color who were free on the 19th day of April, 1861, and who have been enlisted and mustered into the military service of the United States, shall, from the time of their enlistment, be entitled to receive the pay, bounty, and clothing, allowed to such persons by the laws existing at the time of their enlistment. When the 54th Massachusetts were ready, in May, 1863, to proceed to the seat of war in South Carolina, application was made in their behalf to the Chief of Police of New York for advice as to the propriety of taking that city in their route, and marching down Broadway. He responded that they could not be protected from insult and probable assault if they did so. They thereupon proceeded wholly by water to their destination. Within seven or eight months thereafter, two New York regiments of Blacks, raised by voluntary efforts mainly of the
November 23rd, 1861 AD (search for this): chapter 22
ynchburg Republican (Va.) had, so early as April, chronicled the volunteered enrollment of 70 of the free negroes of that place, to fight in defense of their State; closing with-- Three cheers for the patriotic free negroes of Lynchburg! The next recorded organization of negroes, especially as Rebel soldiers, was at Mobile, toward Autumn ; and, two or three months later, the following telegram was flashed over the length and breadth of the rejoicing Confederacy: New Orleans. Nov. 23, 1861. Over 28,000 troops were reviewed today by Gov. Moore, Maj. Gen. Lovell, and Brig.-Gen. Ruggles. The line was over seven miles long. One regiment comprised 1,400 free colored men. The (Rebel) Legislature of Virginia was engaged, so early as Feb. 4, 1862, on a bill to enroll all the free negroes in the State, for service in the Rebel forces; which was favored by all who discussed it; when it passed to its engrossment, and probably became a law. All these, and many kindred move
October 18th (search for this): chapter 22
ov. 20, 1775. of her Provincial Congress, as follows: Resolved, That the Colonels of the several regiments of militia throughout the colony have leave to enroll such a number of able male slaves, to be employed as pioneers and laborers, as public exigencies require; and that a daily pay of seven shillings and six pence be allowed for the service of such slave while actually employed. A grand patriot Committee of Conference, civil and military, headed by Dr. Franklin, was convened Oct. 18. at Washington's headquarters before Boston; and, five days thereafter, voted, on the report of a council of officers, that negroes, especially such as are slaves, should no longer be enlisted; and an order was issued Nov. 12. accordingly; but Washington, upon full consideration, wrote Dec. 31. to the President of Congress that the free negroes are reported to to be very much dissatisfied at being discarded; and adds: As it is apprehended that they may seek employ in the Ministeri
March 20th, 1781 AD (search for this): chapter 22
ence in the army was rather tolerated than invited. Rhode Island, in 1778, authorized a general enlistment of slaves for the patriot army — every one to be free from the moment of enlisting, and to receive pay, bounty, &c., precisely like other soldiers. A Black regiment was raised under this policy, which fought bravely at the battle of Rhode Island, Aug. 29, 1778. and elsewhere; as many of those composing it had done prior to its organization. Massachusetts, New York, Act of March 20, 1781. and other States, followed the example of Rhode Island, in offering liberty to slaves who would enlist in the patriot armies; and the policy of a general freeing and arming of able and willing slaves was urged by Hon. Henry Laurens, of S. C., by his son Col. John Laurens, by Col. Alexander Hamilton, Gen. Lincoln, James Madison, Gen. Greene, and other ardent patriots. It is highly probable that, had the Revolutionary War lasted a few years longer, it would have then abolished Slavery th
December, 1863 AD (search for this): chapter 22
ext appeared Oct. 3. an order from the War Department, establishing recruiting stations for Black soldiers in Maryland, Missouri, and Tennessee, and directing the enlistment as volunteers of all able-bodied free negroes; also the slaves of disloyal persons [absolutely], and slaves of loyal persons with the consent of their owners, who were to be paid $300 for each slave so enlisted, upon making proof of ownership and filing a deed of manumission. Thus the good work went on; until, in December, 1863, tile Bureau aforesaid reported that over 50,000 had been enlisted and were then in actual service; and this number had been trebled before the close of the following year. And, though some of our Generals regarded them with disfavor, while others were loud in their praise, it is no longer fairly disputable that they played a very important and useful part in the overthrow of the Rebellion. Though they were hardly allowed to participate in any of the great battles whereby the issue was
the loyal States for Six Hundred Thousand more recruits to our armies, rendering conscription in some localities unavoidable, than the barriers of caste began to give way. I have never, said Mr. Broomall, of Pa., in the House (Feb. 11th, 1863), found the most snaky constituent of mine, who, when he was drafted, refused to let the blackest negro in the district go as a substitute for him. Thus, Mr. Wilson, of Mass., having reported July 8, 1862. to the Senate a bill to amend the act of 1795, prescribing the manner of calling forth the Militia to suppress insurrection, &c., Mr. Grimes, of Iowa, moved July 9. that henceforth there shall be no exemption from Military duty because of color. On the suggestion of Mr. Preston King, of N. Y., this proposition was so amended as to authorize the President to accept persons of African descent, for the purpose of constructing intrenchments, or performing camp service, or any war service for which they may be found competent. This, and
May 20th, 1775 AD (search for this): chapter 22
und Boston by the tidings of Lexington, Concord, and Bunker Hill, and were freely accepted in regiments mainly White ; though Maj. Samuel Lawrence, of Groton, Mass., is reported as having, at an early day, commanded a company of negroes in the Continental line. But Slavery was then cherished in nearly all the organized colonies; and its inconsistency with the embodiment of its victims in the armies of Freedom was felt to be so galling that the Committee of Safety judiciously resolved: May 20, 1775. That it is the opinion of this Committee, as the contest now between Great Britain and the Colonies respects the liberties and privileges of the latter, which the Colonies are determined to maintain, that the admission of any persons, as soldiers, into the army now raising, but only such as are freemen, will be inconsistent with the principles that are to be supported, and reflect dishonor on this Colony; and that no slaves be admitted into this army upon any consideration whatever.
tary Stanton replied June 14. that Gen. Hunter had not been authorized to organize and muster into the service of the United States either fugitive or captured slaves, nor had he been furnished with clothing or arms for such slaves; and further, that the Government's orders to and correspondence with Gen. Hunter on this subject could not be published at this time without prejudice to the public welfare. But, some dayslater, July 2. he made a further report, covering a letter Dated June 23. from Gen. Hunter, in reply to one addressed June 13. to him by the Adjutant-General, asking for information on the subject; wherein Gen. H. makes answer to Mr. Wickliffe's several inquiries as follows: To the first question, therefore, I reply that no regiment of fugitive slaves has been, or is being, organized in this department. There is, however, a fine regiment of persons whose late masters are fugitive Rebels--men who every where fly before the appearance of the national f
December 21st, 1863 AD (search for this): chapter 22
, moved Jan. 28, 1863. to add: Provided, That no part of the sums appropriated by this act shall be disbursed for the pay, subsistence, or any other supplies, of any negro, free or slave, in the armed military service of the United States. Which was rejected: Yeas 8; Nays 28: Yeas--Messrs. Carlile, G. Davis, Kennedy, Latham, Nesmith, Powell, Turpie, and Wall (all Democrats). At the next session — the Deficiency bill being before the House--Mr. Harding, of Ky., moved Dec. 21, 1863. to insert-- Provided, That no part of the moneys aforesaid shall be applied to the raising, arming, equipping, or paying of negro soldiers. Which was likewise beaten: Yeas 41; Yays 105--the Yeas (all Democrats) being Messrs. Ancona, Bliss, James S. Brown, Coffroth, Cox, Dawson, Dennison, Eden, Edgerton, Eldridge, Finck, Grider, Hall, Harding, Harrington, Benjamin G. Harris, Charles M. Harris, Philip Johnson, William Johnson, King, Knapp, Law, Long, Marcy, McKinney, William II
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