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Browsing named entities in a specific section of Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 5. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones). Search the whole document.

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pending the absence of Colonel Walton, chief of artillery. On the 3rd, Colonel Alexander being an officer of unusual promptness, sagacity, entire corps was not together, as was the case on the 2d. On the 3rd, Colonel Alexander's special service, after seeing that the batterieI quote General Fitzhugh Lee, who says, speaking of the attack on the 3d: He told the father of the writer (his brother) that he was controlleivision should not have been ordered to assault Cemetery Ridge on the 3d, as we had already tested the strength of that position sufficiently e. General Meade in his official report, says: On the morning of the 3d, General Geary, having returned during the night, attacked at early d Hood's and McLaws' divisions to the attack opened by Pickett, on the 3d: A reading of the testimony before the committee on the conduct 408) will show that General Meade fully anticipated my attack on the 3d, and was determined, if we moved our army in a direct column of assau
s right, my brave fellows; stand your ground, and we will presently serve these chaps as they have us. For, by all the rules of warfare, the Federal troops should (as I expected they would) have marched against our shattered columns, and sought to cover our army with an overwhelming defeat. General Trimble being wounded, I was again thrown in command of the division, and with Lowrance's brigade and my own, under command of Colonel Avery, moved back to the rear of Thomas and Perrin on the 4th. There was skirmishing at intervals that day, and at dark we commenced falling back in the direction of Fairfield, Captain W. T. Nicholson, of the Thirty-seventh, being left in command of the skirmishers from my brigade. We formed line of battle at Hagerstown, id., on the 11th, and threw up breastworks along our entire front. Next day the Light division was consolidated with Heth's, and the whole being put under the command of General Heth, I again returned to the command of my brigade.
vision. 4th. McLaws' division. During the march to Hagerstown, Md., and thence to Gettysburg, all orders from General Lee or General Lonstreet were communicated to me officially as Chief of Artillery, First corns. On the night of the 30th June, I encamped near Greenwood, on the road to Gettysburg, with the two battalions composing the reserve artillery of the artillery of the First corps of the army-Alexander's battalion and the Washington Artillery. It had rained all day in torrentne would be in a direction nearly at right angles with mine, and that he would assault the extreme left of the enemy and drive him toward Gettysburg. From a narrative of General McLaws, published in 1873, I copy the following: On the 30th of June, I had been directed to have my division in readiness to follow General Ewell's corps. Marching toward Gettysburg, which it was intimated we would have passed by 10 o'clock the next day (the first of July), my division was accordingly marched
hdraw through the mountains with our large trains. When I left General Lee on the night of the 1st, I believed he had made up his mind to attack, but was confident that he had not yet determined a5,000;--these are our highest figures and the enemy's lowest. We had learned on the night of the 1st, from some prisoners captured near Seminary Ridge, that the First, Eleventh, and Third corps had d not be expected to fail to seek it. As to Ewell's failure to prosecute the advantage won on the 1st, there is little to be said, as the Commanding-General was on the field. I merely quote from hise, which I now proceed to disprove. I have said that I left General Lee late in the night of the 1st, and that he had not then determined when the attack should be made; that I went to his headquartI quote in this connection the order that I issued to the heads of departments in my corps on the 1st. I present the order issued to Colonel Walton of the artillery, similar orders having been issue
f my corps occupied the same positions as on the 2d. I was directed to hold my line with Anderson'sginning Our artillery, etc., should read: On the 2d, Colonel Alexander's battalion being at the heade corps was not together, as was the case on the 2d. On the 3rd, Colonel Alexander's special serv co-operation of Generals Ewell and Iill, on the 2d, by vigorous assault at the moment my battle wasordered me to attack the enemy at sunrise on the 2d. General J. A. Early has, in positive terms, ind order for attack on the enemy at sunrise on the 2d, nor can I belive any such order was issued by Ge continued in position until the morning of the 2d, when I received orders to take up a new line ofinforced General Johnson during the night of the 2d, ordered him forward early the next morning. Ineral Lee to attack until about 11 o'clock on the 2d; that I immediately began my dispositions for atl Halleck in cipher just before my battle on the 2d: If not attacked, and I can get any positive inf[1 more...]
July, 1863 AD (search for this): chapter 1.2
refering to an assertion of General Pendleton's, made in a lecture delivered several years ago, which was recently published in the Southern fHistorial Society Maqgazine sub-stantially as follows: That General Lee ordered General Longstreet to attack General Meade at sunrise on the morning of the 2d of July, has been received. I do not recollect of hearing of an order to attack at sunrise, or at any other designated hour, pending the operations at Gettysburg during the first three days of July, 1863. Yours truly, A. L. Long. To General Longstreet. I add the letter of Colonel Venable, of General Lee's staff, which should of itself be conclusive. I merely premise it with the statement that it was fully 9 o'clock before General Lee returned from his reconnoissance of Ewell's lines: University of Virginia, May 11, 1875. General James Longstreet: dear General: Your letter of the 25th ultimo. with regard to Gen. Lee's battle order on the 1st and 2d of July at Gettysburg, was
July 4th, 1863 AD (search for this): chapter 1.2
rranged by order of General Longstreet, the guns of every battery opened the tremendous cannonade. On the 4th of July, at 1 o'clock A. M., I seceived the following, addressed to me as Chief of Artillery, First corps: General Longstreet directs that you have your artillery in readiness to resist an attack by daylight, remembering you have no ammunition to spare except for the enemy's infantry, etc., and the following order before day on the 4th July: headquarters First army corps, July 4th, 1863. Colonel: The Lieutenant-General directs that such of your wagons as can be spared from your command be sent to Cashtown during the day as quietly as possible, reporting to Colonel Corley and Major Mitchell about dark. Let there be as little confusion as possible. Have the wagons which are to accompany the troops parked on the Fairfield road, so that they can file in with the column as it passes. Will you please send Colonel Alexander to see the General at this point at light.
July 3rd, 1863 AD (search for this): chapter 1.2
erstood that Colonel Alexander had been charged with the duty of observing the effect of the fire of the batteries upon the enemy's lines, and to give the signal for General Pickett to advance to the assault. Everything was in readiness — no firing on either side-when, at a few minutes after one o'clock, P. M., while in rear of the Washington Artillery, near the peach orchard, I received by a courier, the following in General Longstreet's hand-writing. Headquarters, in the field, July 3d, 1863. Colonel: Let the batteries open. Order great care and precision in firing. If the batteries at the peach orchard cannot be used against the point we intend attacking, let them open upon the rocky hill. Most respectfully, J. Longstreet, Lieutenant-General Commanding. To Colonel Walton. Major Eshleman, in command of the Washington Artillery, was ordered to fire the signal gun, when instantly from the right to the extreme left of the line, as had been arranged by order of Gen
August 15th, 1862 AD (search for this): chapter 1.2
rtillery, having reported for duty with this command, he is announced as Chief of Artillery. He will be obeyed and respected accordingly. By command of Major-General Longstreet. G. M. Sorrel, Assistant Adjutant-General. And on the 15th August, 1862, the following order was published to battery commanders: General order no. 32. headquarters, Taylor's house, near Gordonsville, August 15th, 1862. II. Colonel J. B. Walton, of the battalion Washington Artillery, is announced as CAugust 15th, 1862. II. Colonel J. B. Walton, of the battalion Washington Artillery, is announced as Chief of Artillery of this command, and will be obeyed and respected accordingly. III. Battery commanders will report to him without delay, to be disposed of in such camp or camps as may be selected; making their regular reports to him, for consolidation and transmission to this office. By command of Major-General Longstreet. G. M. Sorrel, Assistant Adjutant-General. To Colonel J. B. Walton, Commanding, &c. And on the 4th June, 1863 (one month before the battle of Gettysburg), aft
May 31st, 1875 AD (search for this): chapter 1.2
ect. I have no personal recollection of the order to which you refer. It certainly was not conveyed by me, nor is there anything in General Lee's official report to show the attack on the 2d was expected by him to begin earlier, except that he notices that there was not proper concert of action on that day. Respectfully, Charles Marshall. To General Longstreet, New Orleans. Then a letter from General A. L. Long, who was General Lee's military secretary: Big Island, Bedford, Va., May 31, 1875. dear General: Your letter of the 20th ult., refering to an assertion of General Pendleton's, made in a lecture delivered several years ago, which was recently published in the Southern fHistorial Society Maqgazine sub-stantially as follows: That General Lee ordered General Longstreet to attack General Meade at sunrise on the morning of the 2d of July, has been received. I do not recollect of hearing of an order to attack at sunrise, or at any other designated hour, pending the operat
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