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The Daily Dispatch: October 3, 1861., [Electronic resource], Candidates for Congress in North Carolina. (search)
tes by the ordinary course of judicial proceedings. Is this not civil war? and has it not been so regarded by the executive department of the Government. This is clear from the proclamations of the President of the 15th of April. of the 19th of April, of the 27th of April, of the 2d of May, and of the 10th of May--all recognizing the fact that the power of the Government is no longer capable of enforcing the laws, and calling to its aid the power intended to be provided by the acts of 1795 and 1867, and, also, using the power of blockade, a war power belonging only to belligerents either in a civil or foreign war. And the legislative department has also recognized this contest as a war. For, during the lost session of Congress, it not only did so by the laws which it passed for the raising of armies and providing means for their support, but in express language, on (four) different occasions, as will be seen in reference to the laws of the extra session of July last, pages 268,
The Daily Dispatch: October 7, 1861., [Electronic resource], Privateering — its history, law, and Usage. (search)
t such commerce." This stipulation was not renewed in the treaty of 1797. The treaty of the United States with the Netherlands in 1782, France in 1788, England in 1795. Peru 1799, Prussia 1795, and Spain 1795, contain provisions prohibiting the subjects of either power from taking letters of marque against the other from any pow1795, and Spain 1795, contain provisions prohibiting the subjects of either power from taking letters of marque against the other from any power with which it is at war, under the penalty of being treated, if taken, as pirates. But notwithstanding these stipulations, the practice of the Government has always been to employ the services of privateers in the prosecution of its wars; and many of its most brilliant achievements in arms, more especially during the war o1795, contain provisions prohibiting the subjects of either power from taking letters of marque against the other from any power with which it is at war, under the penalty of being treated, if taken, as pirates. But notwithstanding these stipulations, the practice of the Government has always been to employ the services of privateers in the prosecution of its wars; and many of its most brilliant achievements in arms, more especially during the war of 1812, were performed by this branch of the public service — The bold and daring feats of Le Bon Homme Richard, the Saucy Jack, and the Neufchatel, are too familiar to the readers of the history of maritime wars to need more than a simple reference. Within a short period a change appears to have taken place in the opinions o
The Daily Dispatch: March 13, 1862., [Electronic resource], One hundred and twenty-five Dollars reward. (search)
cture of them. Hoche — a celebrated General of the French Revolution — soldier 1784, General 1795, poisoned in 1797-one of the best Generals of that period. Joubert — Soldier 1789, General 11795; very distinguished; killed at the battle of Novi. Jourdan, Marchal de France — Soldier 1778, General 1789, Marchal 1804. Junot, well known — Soldier in 1792, General 1797. Kellerman. Macdonald — Born in Jancerre, France, 1765, Lieutenant in an Irish regiment 1784; General 1795, Marshal at Wagram 1809. Marcean — Born 1769, soldier 1784, Lieutenant Colonel 1792, was arrested by representing from the army; General 1793, killed in 1795. The Austrian army solicited an armistice to attend his funeral, so highly was he estimated by all. Marmont, from the military sar, and rose successively through the various grades, until he was made Captain in 1794, Major in 1795, General on the field of battle 1796, Marshal 1804, shot 7th December, 1815. Oudinot
but the glory of that achievement had been appropriated by the Deputies of the Convention, and his name had not even been mentioned in the dispatch. It is true that he had held the command of the artillery in the army of the Alps--the very army he was now called on to command in chief — and that his advice had caused the General in command to be several times victorious; but he had never received either thanks or acknowledgment for his inestimable services. At the opening of the campaign of 1795, it would have appeared to an indifferent observer, that while the mighty hosts of Morean and Jourdan must inevitably plant the tricolored standard on the walls of Vienna, the feeble army of Italy, led by an unknown youth, must just as inevitably be driven back with disgrace and ruin into France by the powerful forces of Austria and Sardinia. The result was directly the contrary. The armies of Morean and Jourdan did nothing. The army of Bonaparte, in one fortnight after the campaign had op
d were arrested were in violation of the provisions of the Constitution of the United States, and were, therefore, illegal and void. That if, under the provisions of the Constitution, the President of the United States had the power to suspend the writ of habeas corpus, he could not delegate that power to his subordinate officers. That the Constitution made the President commander-in-chief of the military forces of the United States, and that this, with the provisions of the laws of 1795, which had been declared to be constitutional; conferred upon the President power to declare martial law, and martial law having been declared by the President's Proclamation of the 24th of September, se facts the writ of habeas corpus, was now suspended. Therefore, if the said Field was now produced before the Court, he could not be discharged, but would have to be remanded to the custody of the Marshal. On the first of September, however, when these proceedings were instituted ag
e to prevent an enemy from crossing at some point on a long river, because if one be guarded he may turn it, and succeed by a flank movement, where he could not effect the passage by assault. As a temporary barrier and a good place to make a stand, rivers nevertheless answer a good purpose. But the instances in history in which great commanders succeed in crossing rivers with little loss, although powerfully defended, are innumerable. The selection of the Adige for his line by Napoleon, in 1795, may appear to conflict with this theory.--That, however, was an exceptional case. The Adige emptied into the sea, and as the Austrians had no naval force, it could not be turned in that direction. Marshes impassable for troops with munitions of war extended from the Gulf of Venice within a very few mile-of Verona, where were Napoleon's headquarters and the greater part of his troops. Above the Adige flows through tremendous mountains, and these extend to within a few miles of Verona, comi
e feuds and brought all Europe to her feet." False again. She abandoned it in 1794. The war of La Vendee, the grand intestine feud of the time, was not pacified until two years after, viz: in 1796. The Insurrection of the Sections took place in 1795. The struggle between the Convention and the Directory took place in 1797. Bonaparte turned the Council out and reigned in its stead in 1799. Surely, if historians and contemporary records speak truth, these were "intestine feuds" of some magni wars of Europe for a short period, was signed seven years afterwards. In the intermediate time the most gigantic contest Europe had ever witnessed was raging on sea and land. The latter and most glorious portion of the campaign of 1794, that of 1795, the marvellous exploits of Bonaparte in Italy, the career of Jourdan and Moreau on the Rhine, and Pichegru in Holland, the treaty of Campo Formlo, the invasion of Egypt, the battle of the Nile, the expulsion of the French from Italy by the Prussi
Death of an Irish Pass. --Francis William Canfield, 2d Earl of Charlemont, died recently at Clontarf, in Ireland, aged 83 years. His father gained great celebrity in the last century as the leader in the Irish volunteer movement in 1779 and 1782, and as one of the most active promoters of Irish legislative independence, and figures largely in the lives of Burke, Fox, Pitt, and Gratten. The late peer was an amiable gentleman, holding rather extreme liberal opinions but always the steady supporter of the Whig . Of late years he has been an object of interest as the "father" of the House of Lords, of which he has been a member since 1806, and the survivor of the old irish Parliament. He was a member of the Irish House of Commons from 1795 1799, when he succeeded to the peerage and in the House of Lords in Dubith till the Union of 1861. He received the ribbon of the order of St. Patrick in 1831.
rday morning. He was in the eighty-fifth year of his age, and had previously given no indications of ill health. He was just opposite the Exchange Bank of Virginia, on his way to the Merchants' Insurance office, at the corner of Main and Twelfth streets, when he fell down and soon expired. He was a man remarkable for his habits of temperance, and appears to have died entirely through the exhaustion of nature consequent upon his great age. Mr. Pleasants came to this city about the year 1795, and with the exception of a short sojourn in Jamaica, when he was a very young man, he has resided in it ever since. He became a partner of the late Gabriel Ralston early in the present century, and the firm continued to do business in the city for upwards of forty years. During that time it acquired a reputation for punctuality and integrity which we have never known to be surpassed. Probably no two men were ever associated in business whose characters in both respects stood higher. The
Death of an old actor. --The death of James William Wallack, an actor of the "old school," is announced in the New York papers. The Times publishes the following obituary of him. "James William Wallack was born in London in 1795. Both his parents were on the stage; his father, William Wallack, being a distinguished comedian and vocalist; and his mother, Elizabeth Field, playing the leading female characters with Mr. Garrick for several years. He made his first appearance in London at the age of seven, and, after playing boys' parts for some time, passed to the Academic Theatre, established by Queen Charlotte, in Leicester street, Leicester Square, where English and German children appeared on alternate nights.--Here he attracted the attention of Richard Brinsley Sheridan, who gave him an engagement at Drury Lane. That theatre being subsequently burned down, he went to Ireland; but in 1839 returned to England, and on the opening night at the New Drury Lane appeared as "L
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