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Browsing named entities in a specific section of Comte de Paris, History of the Civil War in America. Vol. 2. (ed. Henry Coppee , LL.D.). Search the whole document.

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wounded. During the evening, part of McCook's corps, having recovered from the effects of its disaster of the 31st, came to take position on the reconquered heights; but the rain had softened the soil to such a degree that, on the morning of the 3d, Rosecrans deemed it impracticable to put his troops again on the march in order to complete the movement he had been contemplating for the last three days. He soon perceived, moreover, that this manoeuvre would be productive of no results; his pere sanguinary struggle we have just been describing. The greater the efforts of the Confederates, and the nearer they had been to achieving success, the more keenly this unlooked — for denouement was felt by them. In the course of the day, on the 3d, their columns again took up their line of march for Murfreesborough sadly, but in good order and without discouragement; they carried with them the glorious but barren trophies of their victory of the 31st, consisting of twenty-eight guns, some st
is of an exceptional fertility. Farther south the undulating ground ends in a series of abrupt slopes, which border the left bank of the Yazoo, and sink at last in the waters of the Mississippi on the shores of Vicksburg. On the 2d of November, Grant had put five divisions in motion, which swelled the number of his active forces to more than thirty thousand men. Three of these divisions started from Bolivar, the other two came from Corinth, and all proceeded toward Grand Junction. On the 4th the Federal army occupied this point, as well as Lagrange, while the cavalry was advancing toward the south. But the reinforcements, which had long been expected, arrived slowly, and the political influences, which had embarrassed military operations in Virginia, were beginning to be felt in the remote regions where the modest and reticent Grant was in command. His position was envied by many persons, who, in order to prove their capacity, were busying themselves in Washington in projecting
January 5th (search for this): chapter 5
al effective force. Thus weakened and deprived of a portion of its materiel, it could not undertake the vigorous pursuit of an enemy whose retreat was protected by swollen streams and the muddy condition of the roads. It was not until the 5th of January that the Confederate cavalry surrendered the town of Murfreesborough to the Federals. Bragg's army halted on the same day behind the line of Duck River, This Duck River in the State of Tennessee must not be confounded with Duck River in tther of the two parties had cause to consider it a victory. If the Federals had been decidedly beaten, Nashville would have been besieged and the war carried back into Kentucky. Rosecrans, on the contrary, by entering Murfreesborough on the 5th of January, notwithstanding his losses and first reverse, already menaced the town of Chattanooga from a distance, the objective point of the whole campaign; but in order to gather the fruits of his stubborn resistance on the battle-field of the 31st of
October 20th (search for this): chapter 5
ome demonstration in that direction for the purpose of feeling the enemy; but General Palmer, who had remained at Nashville with his brigade and that of Negley, attacked Anderson on the 7th of October at Lavergne, and compelled him to retire. Shortly after, Forrest reappeared in the neighborhood, destroying all the ways of communication which might at any time be of service to the Federals, shutting up the latter closer and closer within the limits of the capital of Tennessee. On the 20th of October a portion of his troops encountered a regiment of Union cavalry on the borders of the Cumberland, a little below the town. After losing a few men, the Confederates were obliged to recross the river. But Forrest returned to the charge on the 22d; assembling his forces and marching upon Nashville by the left bank, he drove the Federals back into their lines of defence. These entrenchments could not have sustained a long siege; their profile was slight, and they were not sufficiently ex
e could easily support the troops stationed on the opposite side, Stone River not being very deep at this point. This movement was the more menacing to Bragg's right flank and his communications with Murfreesborough, because the conversion of his whole army had drawn away the left from his base of operations; it showed, above all, that, so far from thinking of retreat, Rosecrans was preparing to resume the offensive. The Confederate commander only made this discovery on the morning of the 2d, for his cavalry, worn out by its exertions on the 31st of December, had needed the whole of the 1st to recuperate; and being, besides, under the impression that an offensive return was impossible, he had not deemed it necessary to feel the enemy except along the Nashville road. He at once determined to forestall the Federals, and to attack them so vigorously in that direction as to compel them to acknowledge themselves beaten. The hills occupied by Beatty enabled the Union artillery, once p
October 17th (search for this): chapter 5
small garrison at each important station and at every prominent railway bridge capable of resisting a first assault. This parcelling out of forces, which at times reduced the number of combatants engaged in regular operations by one-half, did not, however, secure to the Federals anything more than the possession of the ground which they occupied. Morgan, therefore, who had full confidence in the mobility of his troops, remained in Middle Kentucky long after Bragg's retreat. On the 17th of October, nine days after the battle of Perryville, he was still in the neighborhood of Lexington, with three thousand cavalry and six field-pieces, and repulsed the attacks of a small body of Federal troops which had imprudently advanced in that direction. The next day, another detachment of about three hundred mounted men having also ventured within his reach, Morgan surprised it, captured the entire force, and did not hesitate to suddenly enter the town of Lexington itself. After remaining
January 1st (search for this): chapter 5
amps, where they had been bivouacking for five days without fire; they sadly pointed out to each other the high-water marks, which had left a slimy circular line around the trunks of trees, from three to four metres above the ground. On the 2(1 of January, Sherman placed them again on board of the transports, and the fleet sailed for Milliken's Bend, where the troops were enabled to establish themselves comfortably while waiting for a favorable opportunity to begin a new campaign against the stting on one side upon the hill crowned by Rousseau's artillery, and followed the margin of the wood on the other side under the protection of breastworks hastily constructed, they did not dare to resume the offensive. On the morning of the 1st of January, Rosecrans had just enough cartridges left to repel an attack. His first care was to procure provisions, and several strong detachments which had been sent to Overall's Creek escorted wagon-trains of provisions and ammunition, which restored
October 30th (search for this): chapter 5
command of McCook; the right wing, consisting of three divisions, remained under Crittenden, becoming, however, the left wing; finally, the left wing became the centre, and was increased to four divisions; McCook transferred the active command of it to Thomas, who had performed the undefined duties of second in command under Buell. Gilbert, who had previously commanded the centre, was instructed to protect the communications of the Federals in Kentucky with the tenth division. On the 30th of October, the day of Rosecrans' installation, the army of the Cumberland was stationed along the line of the Memphis and Louisville Railroad from Glasgow Junction to the famous intersection at Bowling Green. On the 4th of November, McCook took up his line of march with his army corps to relieve the garrison of Nashville, which was then seriously menaced. In fact, Forrest and Morgan, at the head of five or six thousand mounted men, were overruning Tennessee, and, counting upon the fame of their
January 9th (search for this): chapter 5
seven thousand men, comprising forty regiments of infantry, ten batteries, many of which contained twenty pounders, and about fifteen hundred horse. Instead of entering the Arkansas at Napoleon, the fleet, in order to deceive the enemy as to its destination, penetrated into White River through a branch of the latter which empties directly into the Mississippi a little below, and thence reaches the Arkansas through the principal arm, which debouches into this river at Wellington. On the 9th of January, the vessels were moored to the left bank near a plantation called Notrib's Farm, five kilometres below Arkansas Post. The process of disembarkation commenced immediately, and was ended toward noon on the following day. The approaches of the fort were difficult. It was protected on the west by a stream with steep banks, called a bayou; on the east by a swamp, which did not quite reach the edge of the water. The space comprised between the bayou and the swamp was only about a thousand
October 25th (search for this): chapter 5
south, were reorganizing, drilling the recruits recently arrived from the North, and receiving arms and equipments, while the commissary department was collecting large supplies of provisions, materiel and ammunition in the depots of Nashville, in view of the winter campaign that Rosecrans had determined to undertake. Bragg's army, on the other hand, had completed the long and painful march it had commenced after the battle of Perryville. It had left the territory of Kentucky on the 25th of October. Kirby Smith had again entered Tennessee by way of Cumberland Gap, and the rest of the Confederate troops by passes situated more to the west. His soldiers had scarcely reached East Tennessee, fatigued, badly off for shoes and discouraged by the unlucky issue of a campaign which had commenced under such flattering auspices, when they were obliged to start off again. They had no time to lose if they wished to retain some of the advantages they had gained during the last campaign and
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