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Hampton (Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 25
wounded by a shell that cut off the head of his horse and killed two others on which his aids were riding. Jackson had been wounded, but did not leave the field. At that time the Confederates were sorely pressed, and Johnston, at The portico, with full knowledge of the situation, began to lose heart. Victory seemed about to perch on the National standard. He believed the day was lost. Why did not Early come with his three fresh regiments? He had sent him word at eleven Cavalry of Hampton's Legion. o'clock to hurry forward, and now it was three. By some mischance, the order did not reach him until two. He was on the way; but would he be up in time? Oh for four regiments! cried Johnston to Colonel Cocke, in the bitterness of his soul. Statement of an eye and ear witness, in a letter to the Richmond Despatch, dated July 22, 1861. His wish was soon more than satisfied. Just then, a cloud of dust was seen in the direction of the Manassas Gap Railway. Johnston had alr
Washington (United States) (search for this): chapter 25
two of these were left for the defense of Washington City. History of the United States Cavalry:s from the main army, in the direction of Washington City. General Johnston, as we have observed, well's movements by spies and traitors, Washington City, as we have observed, was filled with spixample, a military map of the region west of Washington had been completed at the War Department onl geographical plan of the country between Washington City and Manassas Junction, with the roads traithin call, guarding his communications with Washington. He caused a thorough reconnoissance to be invasion of Maryland, and the capture of Washington City by assault in the rear. The flight of -guard. Most of them reached the camps near Washington, which they had left Monument on Bull's Rundred, captured during the day, were sent to Washington. Among the killed of the National Army wecture is from a photograph by Gardner, of Washington City. A hymn, written for the occasion by the[3 more...]
Bull Run, Va. (Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 25
Near the Stone Bridge the general course of Bull's Run is north and south, and the Warrenton turnpi thousand Nationals were on the west side of Bull's Run, and thirteen thousand of them were soon figy toward Sudley's Ford and other passages of Bull's Run, toward Centreville. With many of the regimnforcements all day, while not a man crossed Bull's Run after twelve o'clock to re-enforce the Natiog passing columns of the Confederates beyond Bull's Run with shot and shell from the batteries of Gre and much disorder, towards the passages of Bull's Run, from the Stone Bridge to Sudley's Ford, purwenty-eight of the forty-nine pieces crossed Bull's Run before the battle, and only one was brought me, a greater portion of those who came over Bull's Run had been fighting under a blazing sun. They ashington, which they had left Monument on Bull's Run battle-ground. in high spirits on the 16th,ttle of Manassas. It was fought much nearer Bull's Run than Manassas, and the title above given see[31 more...]
New England (United States) (search for this): chapter 25
601. flight of the National Army, 603. the retreat to the defenses of Washington, 606. the immediate result, of the battle, 607. The long-desired forward movement of the greater portion of the National Army that lay in the vicinity of the Capital, full fifty thousand in number, began on the afternoon of Tuesday, the 16th of July, 1861. leaving about fifteen thousand, under General Mansfield, to guard the seat of Government. The advancing troops consisted chiefly of volunteers from New England, New York, and New Jersey, and some from Western States. A greater portion of them had enlisted for only three months, and their terms of service were nearly ended. The remainder were chiefly recent volunteers for three years or the war, who were almost wholly undisciplined; and when the army moved, some of the regiments were not even brigaded. There were also seven or eight hundred regular troops (the fragments of regiments), and a small cavalry force, and several light batteries. Wi
Winchester, Va. (Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 25
General Johnston, as we have observed, was strongly intrenched at Winchester, in the Shenandoah Valley; and General Patterson was at Martinsbu and Louisiana troops, who had just arrived there on their way to Winchester. The woods were so thick that his forces were mostly concealed, been re-enforced. He believed Patterson was holding Johnston at Winchester; See map on page 586. and whilst he felt extremely anxious undthousand of his sick and a guard of militia, who had been left at Winchester, had marched by the way of Millwood through Ashby's Gap to Piedmoenforce the Nationals. Why did not Patterson hold Johnston at Winchester, or re-enforce McDowell at Bull's Run? was a question asked by t directed by his Chief to make demonstrations to keep Johnston at Winchester, if he (Patterson) did not feel strong enough to attack him. Patt probably, the Junction will be carried. Johnston was still at Winchester, with full thirty thousand troops, and Patterson, supposing that
National (Maryland, United States) (search for this): chapter 25
igade, they attacked the Confederate horsemen and dispersed them. The Zouaves, as a compact regiment, did not again appear in the battle; but a larger portion of them, under their Colonel, and others who attached themselves to different regiments, did valiant service wherever they found work to do. It was now about two o'clock. Keyes's brigade, on the left, had been arrested by a severe fire from a battery of eight guns on the hill near Robinson's buildings, and shelled by them from the National batteries on their left. Tyler ordered him to capture it. Black horse Cavalry. this corps received its name from the fact that all the horses were Black. The corps was composed chiefly of the sons of wealthy Virginians; and their whole outfit was of the most expensive kind. He assigned the Third Connecticut, Colonel Chatfield, and the Second Maine, Colonel Jamieson, to that perilous duty. They charged directly up the northern slope of the plateau, and drove the Confederates fro
Occoquan River (Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 25
iles. The Confederate force against which this army was to move was distributed along Bull's Run, This is an inconsiderable stream, which rises in the range of hills known as Bull's Run Mountains. See map on page 586. It empties into the Occoquan River about twelve miles from the Potomac. from Union Mill, where the Orange and Alexandria Railway crosses that stream, to the Stone Bridge of the Warrenton Turnpike, the interval being about eight miles. The disposition of the Confederate forcened the severest penalties for a violation of it. General McDowell, pretty well informed concerning the strong position of the Confederate force; intended to turn its right flank at Manassas by a sudden movement to his left, crossing the Occoquan River below the mouth of Bull's Run, and, seizing the railway in the rear of his foe, compel both Beauregard and Johnston to fall back from their positions, so menacing to the National Capital. With this view, he made a reconnoissance on the morni
ea), and the Fifth Pennsylvania Heavy Artillery, Colonel Gallup. Generals Heintzelman, Wilcox, and others, who fought in the battle, were present at the dedication of the monument at the date above named. The picture is from a photograph by Gardner, of Washington City. A hymn, written for the occasion by the Rev. John Pierpont, then eighty years of age, was sung. The services were opened by Rev. Dr. McMurdy, of Kentucky; and several officers made speeches. We shall hereafter observe its effects upon public sentiment — how it increased the arrogance of the conspirators, and the number of their adherents — how it quickened into powerful and practical action the feeling of nationality and intense love for the Union latent in the hearts of all loyal Americans — how it produced another and more important uprising of the faithful People in defense of the Republic, and how it made the enemies of the Union in Europe hopeful that it would utterly perish in the struggle then earnestly b
Cub Run, Va. (Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 25
They advanced slowly, for raw troops were difficult to handle. After crossing Cub Run, Hunter and Heintzelman turned into the road to the right that led through thee curious than others, pushed on toward the Stone Bridge, some distance beyond Cub Run, where they could hear the scream of shells, and see the white puffs of smoke alry. He also sent word to Miles to order a brigade to the Warrenton Road, at Cub Run, for the same purpose, and Blenker was sent. McDowell himself hastened to the road traversed by Hunter and Heintzelman in the morning) near the bridge over Cub Run, which was barricaded by a caisson A caisson is an ammunition-chest on whee Confederates. Full one-third of the artillery lost that day was left between Cub Run and the Stone Bridge. The Nationals lost twenty-seven cannon, ten of which brigade went boldly forward, and brought away two of the cannon abandoned near Cub Run. Beauregard, in his official report, gives as the reason for relinquishing
Groveton (Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 25
about to become a sanguinary battle-field:-- Near the Stone Bridge the general course of Bull's Run is north and south, and the Warrenton turnpike crossed it there nearly due west from Centreville. On the western side of the Run the road traversed a low wooded bottom for half a mile, and then, passing over a gentle hill, crossed, in a hollow beyond, a brook known as Young's Branch. Following the little valley of this brook, the road went up an easy slope to a plain in the direction of Groveton, about two miles from the Stone Bridge, where a road from Sudley's Spring crossed it. Between that road and the Stone Bridge, Young's Branch, bending northward of the turnpike, forms a curve, from the outer edge of which the ground rises gently to the northward, in a series of undulating open fields,.dotted with small groves. On that slope was the scene of the earliest sharp conflict on the eventful 21st of July. From the inner edge of the curve of Young's Branch, southward, the ground ri
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