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ally extricated their men with The blunder at the bridge Burnside's Bridge, as it was called after Antietam, bears the name of a noted Federal general — not because of the brilliant maneuver which he vainly tried to execute in his efforts to cross it, but rather because of the gallant resistance offered here by the Confederates. General Toombs, with two Georgia regiments (the Second and the Twentieth) stood off a greatly superior force during the 16th and the greater part of the 17th of September. This bridge (on the road from Sharpsburg to Porterstown and Rohersville) was not forced till late in the afternoon, when Burnside, after a series of delays and ineffectual attempts, managed to throw his troops across Antietam Creek. The battle, however, was then practically decided. Toombs' forces saved the Confederate right wing--to him Lee and Longstreet gave the highest praise. a loss of two thousand, over three hundred left dead on the ghastly field. Franklin now sent forwar
. The Union advance was assisted materially by their fire, but several of them were effectively shelled by the Confederates, who, however, on their counter-attacks, in turn suffered severely from the fire of the Federal guns. At 10 A. M., September 17th, two of Sumner's batteries were being closely assailed by Confederate sharpshooters, and Hancock formed a line of guns and infantry to relieve them. Cowan's battery of 3-inch guns, Frank's 12-pounders, and From private to General: Brigadire guns to assist his attenuated line, the request could not be complied with. However, he borrowed, for a time, from Franklin, one battery, and when its ammunition had been expended, another was loaned him to replace it. The battle ended September 17th. On the night of the 18th the Confederates withdrew, and by the 19th they had established batteries on the south side of the Potomac to cover their crossing. Porter determined to clear the fords and capture some of the guns. The attempt wa
age his opponents had enabled him to rid Virginia of Federal forces, and he resolved to invade Maryland. Davis acquiesced in his farsighted plan, and the march began on September 5th. The detaching of Jackson to take Harper's Ferry and the loss of one of Lee's orders, which fell into McClellan's hands, soon gave a somewhat sinister turn to the campaign. Lee's boldness and extraordinary capacity on the field enabled him, however, to fight the drawn battle of Sharpsburg, or Antietam, on September 17th with remarkable skill, yet with dreadful losses to Lee—the General who shouldered all the responsibility The nobility revealed by the steadfast lips, the flashing eyes in this magnificent portrait is reflected by a happening a few days before its taking. It was 1865. The forlorn hope of the Confederacy had failed. Gordon and Fitzhugh Lee had attacked the Federal lines on April 9th, but found them impregnable. Lee heard the news, and said: Then there is nothing left me but to go
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 6. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), The naval fight in Mobile bay, August 5th, 1864--official report of Admiral Buchanan. (search)
are with me acting as my aids, not having any midshipmen, are permitted to accompany me. They are valuable young officers, zealous in the discharge of their duties, and both have served in the army, where they received honorable wounds; their services are important to me. I am happy to inform you that my wound is improving, and I sincerely hope our exchange will be effected, and that I will soon again be on duty. Enclosed is a list of the officers of the Tennessee who were in action. September 17-Since writing the above I have seen the report. of Admiral Farragut, a portion of which is incorrect. Captain Johnston did not deliver my sword on board the Hartford. After the surrender of the Tennessee, Captain Giraud, the officer who was sent on board to take charge of her, said to me that he was directed by Admiral Farragut to ask for my sword, which was brought from the cabin and delivered to him by one of my aids. Admiral F. Buchanan, Commanding. Killed and wounded of Confed
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 7. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Official diary of First corps, A. N. V., while commanded by Lt.-General R. H. Anderson, from June 1st to October 18, 1864. (search)
orted crossing the Opequon and advancing; Our troops turned out to meet them. Enemy retire across the Opequon. Object of the movement supposed to be a reconnoissance. September 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14 Without change. September 15 Move at sunrise with Kershaw and Cuttshaw up the Valley pike and camp on North fork of Shenandoah, opposite Buckton. September 16 Move at sunrise, cross North fork at Buckton ford, cross South fork at McCoy's ford, and camp at Bentonville. September 17 Move at sunrise on the Mud turnpike, from which we turned off four miles north of Luray and camped four miles from Luray on the Sperryville and Luray pike. September 18 Move at sunrise, cross Thornton's gap, pass through Sperryville, Woodville and camp two miles east of the latter. September 19 Move at sunrise and arrive at Culpeper in time to meet a Yankee raiding party, Sixteenth New York cavalry, which is found to have passed down to Rapidan bridge and burnt it. We inte
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 8. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), History of Lane's North Carolina brigade. (search)
and well-directed fire from our batteries, the enemy displayed several white flags, and we marched into the place without further resistance. We captured several prisoners the evening of the 14th. Our loss was four wounded. Sharpsburg--September 17. We left Harper's Ferry on the 17th September, and after a very rapid and fatiguing march, recrossed the Potomac and reached Sharpsburg in time to participate in the fight. The entire brigade was ordered to the right, and on reaching the f17th September, and after a very rapid and fatiguing march, recrossed the Potomac and reached Sharpsburg in time to participate in the fight. The entire brigade was ordered to the right, and on reaching the field the Twenty-eighth was detached by General A. P. Hill in person, and sent on the road to the left, leading to Sharpsburg, to repel the enemy's skirmishers who were advancing through a field of corn. The rest of the brigade moved nearly at right angles to our line on the enemy's flank. The Seventh, Thirty-third and Thirty-seventh were the regiments principally engaged. They fought well, and assisted in driving back three separate and distinct columns of the enemy. The Eighteenth was not a
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 8. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), History of Lane's North Carolina brigade. (search)
es of Battles.Killed: Offic'rs and Men.Wounded: Offic'rs and Men.Missing: Offic'rs and Men.Aggregate. Hanover Courthouse, May 2773202Unknown.275 Mechanicsville, June 26Killed & Wounded, 85315868 Cold Harbor, June 27 Frazier's Farm, June 30 Maivern Hill, July 1 Cedar Run, August 91288 100 Warrenton Springs, August 24 3 3 Manassas Junction, August 26   <*> Manassas Plains, August 28, 29, 3030185Unknown.215 Ox Hill, September 114922108 Harper's Ferry, September 15 4 4 Sharpsburg, September 1721794104 Shepherdstown, September 20371 74 Fredericksburg, December 1362257216535 Grand Total   2,286 remarks.--This list was made from published official reports. The reports of Hanover Courthouse and Manassas Plains refer to the missing, but do not give the number. The Fredericksburg report calls for an aggregate of 625, but the killed, wounded and missing only sum up 535. Some of the Colonels' reports of the fights around Richmond give the total killed and wounded instea
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 10. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), The battle of Chickamauga-letter from Captain W. N. Polk. (search)
ibly might move against him. He therefore retired Crittenden to the foot of Missionary ridge, and directed McCook to close on Thomas at Stevens's gap. On the 17th of September these three corps were within supporting distance of each other. Moving up carefully, General Bragg succeeded by the night of the 17th of September in pla17th of September in placing the army in position upon the east side of the Chickamauga, its line extending from McLemore's cove on the left to Reed's bridge on the right; its centre, commanded by General Polk, resting about Lee and Gordon's mills. The Federal army lay along the west side of the stream, its corps in easy supporting distance, the right ins communication with Chattanooga, and placed it in the power of the Confederate General. This movement, which might have been executed on the night of the 17th of September and morning of the 18th, was unquestionably that upon which General Bragg had determined. In making it, however, the crossing was effected at points too nea
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 10. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Winchester and Fisher's Hill — letter from General Early to General Lee. (search)
Winchester and Fisher's Hill — letter from General Early to General Lee. Headquarters V. D., October 9th, 1864, (New Market.) General R. E. Lee: General,--In advance of a detailed report, I have determined to give you an informal account of the recent disasters to my command, which I have not had leisure to do before. On the 17th of September I moved two divisions — Rodes's and Gordon's — from Stevenson's Depot, where they, together with Breckenridge's division, were encamped (Ramseur being at Winchester, to cover the road from Berryville) to Bunker Hill, and on the 18th I moved Gordon's division, with a part of Lomax's cavalry, to Martinsburg, to thwart efforts that were reported to be making to repair the Baltimore & Ohio railroad. This expedition was successful, and the bridge over Back Creek was burned by a brigade of cavalry sent there. On the evening of the 18th Rodes was moved back to Stevenson's Depot and Gordon to Bunker Hill, with orders to start at daylight t<
to withdraw from union with the others was practically exemplified, and that the idea of coercion of a state, or compulsory measures, was distinctly excluded under any construction that can be put upon the action of the convention. To the original copy of the Constitution, as set forth by its framers for the consideration and final action of the people of the states, were attached the following words: Done in Convention, by the unanimous consent of the States present, the seventeenth day of September, in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and eighty-seven, and of the Independence of the United States of America, the twelfth. In witness whereof, we have hereunto subscribed our names. [Followed by the signatures of George Washington, President, and deputy from Virginia, and the other delegates who signed it.] This attachment to the instrument—a mere attestation of its authenticity, and of the fact that it had the unanimous consent of all the states then pres
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