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, a German soldier of fortune, was the Commander of this post. He served on the staff of General Louis Blenker and later was commissioned Colonel of the Eighth New York Volunteers, a German regiment. His final rank was Brigadier-General. Army boats on the Tennessee--1864 Army boats on the Tennessee--1864 railroad, including the bean-pole and corn-stalk bridge, had been again destroyed, this time by Federal troops. General Haupt had protested against it, but without avail. On October 26th, after the memorable battle of Antietam, McClellan requested that the Aquia Creek and Fredericksburg railroad wharves and road be reconstructed. Haupt reported that the task was now much more formidable than before; that he had protested against the destruction of the wharves and the tearing up of the road, and especially against the burning of the bean-pole and corn-stalk bridge over Potomac Creek; that this work was a piece of vandalism on the part of Federal troops that could have bee
James Barnes, author of David G. Farragut, Naval Actions of 1812, Yank ee Ships and Yankee Sailors, Commodore Bainbridge , The Blockaders, and other naval and historical works, The Photographic History of The Civil War: in ten volumes, Thousands of Scenes Photographed 1861-65, with Text by many Special Authorities, Volume 6: The Navy. (ed. Francis Trevelyan Miller), The most famous naval action of the Civil war (search)
this, her faults of construction had been recognized and the Federal Navy Department had undertaken the construction of nine bigger and better monitors. In Charleston Harbor the monitors were hit an aggregate of 738 times, and proved conclusively their superior endurance. The Lehigh first made her appearance in the James on an expedition and demonstration made up that river by Acting Rear-Admiral S. P. Lee in July, 1863. In September she was attached to Admiral Dahlgren's fleet. From October 26th to November 4th, under Commander A. Bryson, she and the Patapsco were assigned to the special duty of hammering Fort Sumter. On November 16, 1863, she ran aground on Sullivan's Island and was dangerously exposed to the guns of Fort Moultrie for five hours before she could be gotten off. The new sea-elephant of the navy — the Lehigh in 1864 The monitor Lehigh. Ground, but always keeping herself between the Minnesota and the vessel that had counted her as prey. In fear of runni
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 8. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Letter from a Virginia lady to the Federal commander at Winchester. (search)
, by a lady residing in Clarke county, explains itself and gives a vivid picture of life in that region during the period of which it speaks. If it had been written some months later when Sheridan was carrying out his wicked threat to make the Shenandoah Valley such a waste that a crow flying over would be compelled to carry his own rations, there would have been a still more vivid story of outrage and oppression; but that chapter will yet be written.] The officer in command the 26th of October may remember the capture of young Thomas Randolph at his father's house. On the Wednesday following, a part of the same command returned by this route, parties from which were visiting the yard and house for some time after the head of the column had gone by. At first their wants were supplied, so far as our present restrictions enabled us to do it; but while handing the cup of cold water to some, who, if not politely, at least not rudely requested it, more came into the porch, and tur
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 9. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), History of Lane's North Carolina brigade. (search)
e terms which General Lane quotes as my language. Being severely wounded, and unable to follow the army in its retreat, I made no report of the battle, or return of the killed and wounded. General Lane and General Scales have done this, which shows the fearful loss of these two brigades in the charge of July 3rd. S. D. Pool: I laid aside what is written above, but delayed to send it to you. Having since then attended the ceremonies of unveiling the Jackson statue at Richmond on the 26th October, and while there, heard the brilliant address of J. W. Daniel, of Lynchburg, on the battle of Gettysburg, intended to be a correct account of the occurrences of the 3d July, in which I find the same old errors repeated. I was preparing, as General Wilcox has done, a brief article to correct the mistakes of Mr. Daniel, in what he says of the troops on Pickett's left, when I received from him the following letter, which, with my reply, will close this defence of North Carolina troops. Lyn
William Boynton, Sherman's Historical Raid, Chapter 6: (search)
of his railroad. General Grant, during all this time, had been absent in New Orleans. He reached Memphis on his return October 5th, proceeded to Cairo, and thence to Louisville to receive orders, where he was directed to take command at Chattanooga, relieving Rosecrans by Thomas. He started at once for the front, and shortly after his arrival, ordered Sherman to drop every thing on the railroad, and come on with dispatch. He thus reported his action to Halleck: Chattanooga, October 26, 2 P. M. Major-General Halleck. General-in-chief: I have sent orders to General Sherman to move east toward Stevenson, leaving every thing unguarded, except by way of the Army of the Cumberland east of Bear Creek. The possibility of the enemy breaking through our lines east of this, and the present inability to follow him from here if he should, is the cause of this order. Sherman's forces are the only troops I could throw in to head such a move. U. S. Grant, Major-General.
William Boynton, Sherman's Historical Raid, Chapter 11: (search)
od in the open field.—Page 166. Hood shifted to Palmetto September 21st; Davis' speech was on the 26th of September, and Hood moved to the west of Decatur October 26th; so that Sherman's account fixes the following points for himself: The move was in his mind's eye, September 21, 1864. He was in doubt as to time and manner after September 26. He had no doubt about the move October 26. The points of the narrative, in the chapter devoted to the question of planning the March to the Sea, are these: Hood having moved upon Sherman's railroad communications, General Thomas returned to Chattanooga with a considerable force, and on the 29th of first arranged. So it is clear that at that date neither General Grant nor General Thomas heartily favored my proposed plan of campaign. * * * * On the 26th of October I learned that Hood's whole army had made its appearance about Decatur, Alabama, and at once caused a strong reconnoissance to be made down the Coosa to near
Edward Porter Alexander, Military memoirs of a Confederate: a critical narrative, Chapter 14: fall of 1862 (search)
rmy of the Potomac and Washington, McClellan would have nothing to do but to attack him in the rear. Soon after Stuart's raid, he suggested that if the enemy had more occupation south of the river, his cavalry would not be so likely to make raids north of it. And on Oct. 25, he telegraphed McClellan in reply to a despatch about sore-tongued and fatigued horses, Will you pardon me for asking what the horses of your army have done, since the battle of Antietam, that fatigues anything? On Oct. 26, McClellan put his army in motion, 19 days after his receipt of the President's order. By this time he was willing to adopt the line of advance east of the Blue Ridge, as the stage of water in the Potomac River now made all fords impracticable. The crossing was made at Berlin, about 10 miles below Harper's Ferry. Pontoon bridges were laid, and the army crossed over rather leisurely, the last of it, Franklin's corps, on Nov. 1 and 2. We will now return to the Confederates, who, since S
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Charleston, S. C. (search)
essels and appear before Charleston. Indeed, Sumter was not dead, but slumbering. On the night of Sept. 8 a portion of the men of the squadron went in thirty row-boats to take possession of Sumter. They scaled the ruins, where, as they supposed, the decimated garrison were sleeping, but were met by determined men, and repulsed. They were assailed not only by the garrison, but by neighboring batteries, a gunboat, and a ram, and lost 200 men, four boats, and three colors. Finally, on Oct. 26, perceiving the garrison mounting cannon on the southeast face of Sumter, to command Fort Wagner, Gillmore opened heavy rifled cannon on the former, which soon reduced it to an utterly untenable ruin. From that time until near the close of the year Gillmore kept up an irregular fire on Charleston, when, seeing no prospect of the fleet entering the harbor, he kept silent. When Hardee, in command of the Confederate troops at Charleston, heard of the fall of Columbia (q. v.), he perceive
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Floating batteries. (search)
Floating batteries. The first Amercan floating battery was seen in the Charles River, at Boston, in October, 1775. Washington had ordered the construction of two, to assist in the siege of the New England capital. They were armed and manned, and on Oct. 26 opened fire on the town, producing much consternation. They appear to have been made of strong planks, pierced near the water-line for oars, and further up were port-holes for musketry and the admission of light. A heavy gun was placed in each end, and upon the top were four swivels. The ensign was the pine-tree flag. Colonel Reed, writing to Colonel Moylan, on Oct. 20, 1775, said: Please to fix some particular color for a flag and a signal, by which our vessels may know each other. What do you think of a flag with a white ground, a tree in the middle, and the motto An Appeal to Heaven? This is the flag of our floating batteries. When the War of 1812-15 broke out, the subject of harbor defences occupied much of the at
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Fredericksburg, battle at. (search)
ross the Potomac and give battle to the enemy, or drive him South. Your army must now move, he said, while the roads are good. Twenty-four days were spent in correspondence before the order was obeyed, McClellan complaining of a lack of men and supplies to make it prudent to move forward. At length, when October had nearly passed by and Lee's army was thoroughly rested and reorganized, and communications with Richmond were re-established, the Army of the Potomac began to cross the river (Oct. 26), 100,000 strong. The Nationals were led on the east side of the Blue Ridge, but failed to strike the retreating Confederates over the mountain in flank or to get ahead of them; and Lee pushed Longstreet's troops over the Blue Ridge to Culpeper Court-house, between the Army of the Potomac and Richmond, ready to dispute the advance of the Nationals. Quick and energetic movements were now necessary to sever and defeat, in detail, Lee's army. On Nov. 5 McClellan was relieved of command, a
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