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ated the panic of retreat. At the time of this picture, four years later, both soldier and citizen are standing calmly in the sunshine of the peaceful June day. ‘Not in anger, not in pride’ do they look into our faces. At the left Judge Olin, with the cane, is standing behind a boy in a white shirt and quaint trousers who almost wistfully is gazing into the distance, as if the call of these mighty events had awakened in him a yearning for fame. To his left are Generals Thomas, Wilcox, Heintzelman, Dyer, and other veterans of many a hard-fought field who can feel the ‘march of conscious power’ of which Lowell speaks. And the women with the flaring crinoline skirts and old-fashioned sleeves certainly may join in the ‘far-heard gratitude’ this celebration was to express. After fifty years their emotions are brought home to the reader with the vividness of personal experience by the art of the photographer. Making earth feel more firm and air breathe braver: ‘Be proud! for
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 8. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Relative strength at Second Manassas. (search)
for retreating that had no foundation in fact. On his retreat Pope was reinforced as follows (Pope's report): Reynolds' division, August 232,500 [General Gordon puts it at 4,500.]  Piatt's brigade of Sturgis' division, August 261,100 Heintzelman's and Porter's corps18,000   [General Gordon puts them at 19,000.]   21,600 Strength on the Rappahannock51,000   Total72,600 Or, taking General Gordon's figures, above75,600 Sturgis' division of 10,000, and Cox's of 7,000, were beie figures of the Federal forces are too high. General Pope was ever modest in estimating his own numbers. Thus Reynolds' division above, put by him at 2,500 in August, had over 6,000 after the battles around Richmond, and Generals Porter and Heintzelman had over 30,000 on July 20th, before they left the Peninsula, and though they dwindled to 18,000 in General Pope's estimate, Porter alone had 20,000 men on September 12th, two weeks later. General Pope states that on August 30th his effecti
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 10. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), The PeninsulaMcClellan's campaign of 1862, by Alexander S. Webb. (search)
n brigades, and prepared to throw them, on the morrow, against the Federal corps of Keyes and Heintzelman, which were on the south side. A terrific rain storm occurred on the night of the 30th, wh Federal division was quickly routed and the whole of Keyes's Corps and Kearney's division of Heintzelman's was during the afternoon, defeated and driven from their works and camps to a third line ofnd when in the middle of the afternoon Smith was hurried forward to give the coup de grace to Heintzelman, he was just in time to run against the head of Sumner's corps at Fair Oaks. The latter sentte force at hand with good promise of success. As it was, the Confederates had hit Keyes and Heintzelman damaging blows, but it had been done at heavy cost, and the only result of value to them was half his force, and though there was much demoralization in the Federal army as indicated by Heintzelman's precipitate retreat and the destruction of stores, Sumner was able to hold his ground and k
and the length of time required for their concentration after the battle commenced, rendered it practicable for our forces, if united—as, taking the initiative, they well might have been—to have crushed or put to flight first Keyes's and then Heintzelman's corps before Sumner crossed the Chickahominy, between five and six o'clock in the evening. By the official reports our aggregate loss was, killed, wounded, and missing, 6,084, of which 4,851 were in Longstreet's command on the right, and rns for June 20th and adding thereto his casualties on May 31st and June 1st, because between the last-named date and June 20th no action had occurred to create any material change in the number present. From these data, viz., the strength of Heintzelman's corps, 18,810, and of Keyes's corps, 14,610, on June 20th, by adding their casualties of May 31st and June 1st—4,516—we deduce the strength of these two corps on May 31st to have been 37,936 as the aggregate present for duty. It thus app
to about two thousand wounded left in our hands. Thirty pieces of artillery, upward of twenty thousand stands of small arms, numerous colors, and a large amount of stores, besides those taken by General Jackson at Manassas Junction, were captured. Major General Pope in his report says: The whole force that I had at Centreville, as reported to me by the corps commanders, on the morning of the 1st of September was as follows: McDowell's corps, 10,000 men; Sigel's corps, about 7,000; Heintzelman's corps, about 6,000; Reno's, 6,000; Banks's, 5,000; Sumner's, 11,000; Porter's, 10,000; Franklin's, 8,000—in all, 63,000 men. . . . The small fraction of 20,500 men was all of the 91,000 veteran troops from Harrison's Landing which ever drew trigger under my command. Our losses in the engagement at Manassas Plains were considerable. The number killed was 1,090; wounded, 6,154—total, 7,244. The loss of the enemy in killed, wounded, and missing was estimated between 15,000 and 20,000
n of Savannah, 484-85. Harmon, Colonel, 444, 445. Harold, David E., 417. Harriet Lane (gunboat), 196, 197, 198. Harris, General, 437. Isham G., 53, 54, 491. Harrison, General, 455, 466. Burton N., 597. Hartsville, Tenn., Battle of, 324-25. Harvie, Lewis E., 550, 571-72. Hassett, John, 200. Hathaway, Lieutenant, 596-97. Hatteras (gunboat), 212-13, 214, 216. Hatton, General, 131. Hayes, Colonel, 95, 96. Hays, General, 273, 284, 285, 435. Hawley, Seth C., 408. Heintzelman, General, 105, 106, 275. Helm, —, 37. Hendren, J. N., 585, 586. Henly, Major, 424. Hennessey, John, 201. Henry, G. A., 30. Herbert, General, 196. Heth, General, 303, 371, 375, 435, 436, 439, 547. Higgins, Colonel, 178, 182-83. Hill, General A. P., 100, 102, 109, 111-14, 115, 116, 120, 121, 124-25, 126, 130, 131, 132, 265, 268, 270, 272, 273, 279, 283, 285, 286, 296-97, 302, 303, 366, 367, 370, 371, 372, 373, 375, 378, 433, 434, 435, 436, 439, 542-44, 547, 553. Extract from report on b
Edward Porter Alexander, Military memoirs of a Confederate: a critical narrative, Chapter 2: the battle of Bull Run (July, 1861) (search)
nd leads to Manassas. McDowell's plan was as follows: Tyler with three brigades was to take position opposite the Stone Bridge, make demonstrations, and be prepared to cross. McDowell in person would conduct the five brigades of Hunter's and Heintzelman's divisions by the circuitous road, cross Bull Run at Sudley Ford, and attack Stone Bridge in the rear. As soon as it was carried Tyler's three brigades would cross, and the eight brigades, united behind our left flank, could easily sweep ouregiments)235073 total282107311356 total3801565131958 Federal. 1st division. Tyler KILLEDWOUNDEDMISSINGTOTAL Keyes1950154223 Schenck19151650 Sherman20208253481 Richardsonnotengaged. Total58273423754 2D division. Hunter Porter84148245477 Burnside408861189 Total124236306666 3D division. Heintzelman Franklin7119726294 Wilcox71172186429 Howard50115180345 Total1924843921068 5TH division. Miles Blenker61694116 Davies1214 Total71895120 Aggregate481101112162708
Edward Porter Alexander, Military memoirs of a Confederate: a critical narrative, Chapter 3: fall and winter of 1861 (search)
of four brigades each, commanded by Van Dorn and G. W. Smith; and two of five each, under Longstreet and E. Kirby Smith. These 18 brigades averaged about four regiments, and the regiments averaged about 500 men each. Besides these there were other troops under Jackson in the valley and under Holmes near Acquia. The total effective strength on February 28, 1862, was 47,617, with about 175 guns. Early in March the Federal army was organized into five army corps under McDowell, Sumner, Heintzelman, Keyes, and Banks. Each corps was generally composed of three divisions, each division of three brigades, and each brigade of four regiments. The regiments were generally fuller than ours, and would average about 700 men. The total effective strength of all arms on February 28, 1862, was 185,420, with 465 field guns, of which 100 were massed in a reserve under the Chief of Artillery. During the winter the Federal engineers had completely surrounded Washington with a cordon of fortifi
Edward Porter Alexander, Military memoirs of a Confederate: a critical narrative, Chapter 5: Seven Pines or fair Oaks (search)
ut touching the ground. The following shows a comparison of the total casualties of Hill's part of the battle, as nearly as they can be ascertained, including the three brigades already given: — Casualties. Hill's battle. Williamsburg road, May 31, 1862 DIVISIONSTRENGTHKILLEDWOUNDEDMISSINGtotal Keyes's CorpsCasey8,5001779273251429 Keyes's CorpsCouch This includes 12 killed, 45 wounded, 12 missing, total 69, which occurred in Johnston's battle on the left.8,5001957731271095 Heintzelman'sKearny8,500193816821091 FederalTotal25,50056525165343615 ConfederateTotal This omits Kemper, who was not seriously engaged.12,00060827511563515 The Confederates captured 10 guns, 5000 muskets, and about 400 prisoners. The following extracts from official reports give an idea of the fighting. Rodes writes:— The total number of men carried into action was about 2200. The aggregate number present at camp was, however, 2587. The 6th Ala. lost nearly 60 per cent of its aggrega
Edward Porter Alexander, Military memoirs of a Confederate: a critical narrative, chapter 7 (search)
Indeed, had McClellan reenforced Porter as he should have done, with a whole corps, he might have won a great victory. But he allowed himself to be imposed upon by the demonstrations made by Magruder and Huger, under orders from Lee, and neither attacked with his left, nor strengthened his right sufficiently. He weakly left the question of sending reenforcements to his four corps commanders. Franklin sent Slocum's division, and Sumner sent French's and Meagher's brigades, but Keyes and Heintzelman reported that they could spare nothing. As it was, therefore, the fight should result in Lee's favor by a reasonable margin, provided it was well managed and its force not squandered in partial attacks. But this took place to an extent perilously near losing the battle. It did lose the precious hours of daylight necessary to gather any fruits of victory, and made the victory much more bloody than it need have been. The importance of time should have been appreciated and the march p
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